1: The First Fleet The First Fleet started in 1788 from Portsmouth. There were convicts in the boats and there were 550 other people. There were eleven ships in the fleet called the Sirius and the Supply which were war ships. The convicts went on the Alexander, the Scarborough, the Charlotte, the Lady Penrhyn, the Prince of Wales, the Friendship, the Fishburn, the Golden Grove and the Borrowdale. In charge was Captain Arthur Phillip. They came to an island on June 3rd. The port on the island was called Tenerife. They stopped for a week to get fresh foods. After sailing for eight weeks they stopped in Rio de Janeiro for a month. They let the prisoners out to get fresh air and dry their stuff out. They bought seeds and fresh fruit and vegetables so people didn’t get sick. By mid October they sailed into Cape Town. They bought animals and fresh food. They arrived in October and left in mid November to go to New South Wales. So they sailed for ten weeks and go to Botany Bay. At Botany Bay they thought it was no good because the water was too shallow, the soil was too sandy and there were very few trees. So they sailed on for six days to Port Jackson and hoisted the British flag in to the land. That created the first Australian colony.