1: The First Fleet From Portsmouth the First Fleet left on May 13th 1787. There were 749 convicts and there were also 550 other people including sailors, marines, navy officers and civil officers. Captain Arthur Phillip was in charge of the fleet, including the Sirius and the Supply ships. There were also the Alexander, the Scarborough the Charlotte, the Lady Penrhyn the Prince of Wales and the friend ship. There were also three store ships, which were the Fishburn, the Golden Grove and the Borrowdale. They sailed for three weeks and they reached the port of Tennerife on the 3rd of June. When they got to Tenerife they bought a heap of animals and seeds. They stayed there for a week and on 5th of August they sailed into Rio de Janeiro. Here they stayed for one month. | When it was mid October the Fleet was in Cape Town and when they got to Cape Town they bought a heap of seeds and animals. From there they sailed to the great South land. They arrived at Botany Bay on January 20th. The bay was shallow, the soil was sandy and there were few trees so they sailed on. Six days later they arrived at Port Jackson and called it Sydney Cove. Lieutenant William Collins and some convicts went to shore and cleared some ground to hoist the British flag.