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The Great Depression by William Michael Ruse

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S: The Great Depression

1: A few isolated voices warned of problems within the U.S. economy. However few Americans worried about the nations health, they had faith in America and President Herbert Hoover. President Hoover expressed this confidence in his inaugural address in March 1929. There was not just one thing that caused the great depression, it was several factors. Many believe that the stock market crash that happened on Black Tuesday October 29, 1929 is what caused the great depression. However it was not the sole reason, it was one of the major causes. Historians and economists believe these to be some of the causes for the great depression.

3: Bank failures, deposits were uninsured and people were loosing their money. Banks were closing every where people were loosing their savings. The few banks that remained open were guarded by police for the safety of the bank and the people and monies. Reduction in purchasing across the board. People from all classes stopped purchasing items. This lead to a reduction in the number of items produced, therefore reducing the workforce. Unemployment rose up 25% which meant even more less spending. American economic policy with Europe, since businesses were failing the government created the Smoot-Hawley tariff in 1930 to help protect the American

4: companies. The high taxes meant less trade between American and foreign countries. Then there was a drought, while this was not a direct cause it occured in the Mississippi valley in 1930, so the farmers had no crops so with the drought and dust storms there were no crops which meant they couldn't pay their taxes or other debts causing them to sell their farms.

6: With millions of people out of work they started to travel across America looking for work. There were rumors of work in people California, however it was seasonal and the conditions for these families were terrible. They were called names and sometimes things got hostile. So many people moved on the best they could riding the rails. This was a way for people to travel. They would jump into a freight car to get from one place to the next. In towns there were many many people standing at the unemployment office. People trying to get money for their families so they can buy food.

8: Bread lines for miles, just to get a bite to eat.

9: A Christmas dinner.

10: Homes were made out of materials that were found such as drift wood, scrap metal, cardboard and news papers.

11: This is a pea camp. People would stay here when they were traveling around looking for work. | The effects of the great depression were aweful and effected all of America with hunger, poverty and unemployment. The effects men were terrible not to be able to provide food for their families or a home. Many people were homeless due to the depression.

12: Many homeless people gathered in shantytowns. These were outside many of the cities. The children suffered the effects of the depression, children were starving, they were sent to look for work doing what ever they were able to do. Moving from place to place with their families. School sometimes wasn't an option.

13: For families of the Mexican American and African American decent faced discrimination. Their life was unstable families moved often due to any work that maybe out there was given to a white family before any other. Life was difficult for women as well. Marriages were falling apart, they faced the challenges of putting food on the table and making cloths and shoes that were to last. In some rual area's women would make their own soap and bake their own bread. The great depression lasted from 1930 to 1939. Some to this day believe it started with the crash of 1929.

14: After the bombing of Pearl Harbor and the start of WWII people and industry's became essential. Men were trained to become soldiers and the women were kept on the home front to keep factories going and to run farms once again.

16: School House

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