S: A Greene County Gifted Education Publication 2011
FC: Written by Alex, Ansley, Aubrey, Aydan, Glorie, Matthew, & William | OCEANS
1: This book is a collaborative project completed by Greene County Gifted Education students in grades 1-3. We hope you enjoy exploring the oceans as much as we did! Mrs. Yancey & Mrs. Tipton May, 2011
3: The Ocean by Zander William Pearson A vast expanse, the ocean miles upon miles of water and fish, and plants, beautiful, mesmerizing On the beach the waves gently brush the sand the moon at work pushing, pulling the water Ships rock, crash, tremble in the awesome power that the storms invoke, in those watery depths Underneath, a jungle Fish, sharks, dolphins, crabs a huge, watery jungle Gentle, calm also fierce, destructive the powers of the ocean are unpredictable. The ocean is peaceful, majestic, wondrous.
4: There are five great oceans that surround the continents of Earth. They are the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic (Southern).
5: Check out these Fun Facts Oceans cover more than 70% of the Earth. The world’s oceans contain enough water to fill a box with edges over 621 miles in length. The biggest ocean is the Pacific.
6: Currents are rivers in the ocean. They flow in circular patterns. Each current has its own salinity and temperature. One of the strongest currents is the Gulf Stream. It runs along the east coast of the United States. | Tides are not affected by the currents, but they are affected by the gravitational pull of the sun and the moon. During a full moon and a new moon, the earth, the sun, and the moon are in a straight line. This makes a very strong force, and we have the highest and lowest tides. -Aubrey | Currents & Tides
7: The first stage of the water cycle is evaporation: It's when the sun absorbs up all of the water! The second stage is condensation: It's when the water forms a cloud! The last stage is precipitation: It's when anything falls from the sky! -Matthew | The Water Cycle
8: Fun Fish Facts Fish have ears! Fish drink seawater to keep from getting dehydrated. The fish used in England's famous "Fish and chips" is dogfish shark. Clown fish live among the anemones. -Ansley
9: Sharks The most dangerous sharks are the Great White,Tiger Shark, Hammerhead, Mako Shark, and the Bull Shark. Shark babies are called pups. -Ansley
10: Mammals are animals that have hair, give live birth to their young, breathe air, and mammals feed their milk to their babies. Dolphins and Whales are both aquatic mammals. Whales are the biggest life forms on this planet. Blue whales can grow up to be 100ft. long! Dolphins are amazing acrobatics. They can jump out of the water at least 5ft. high in the air! -Matthew
11: All dolphins are mammals. They breath air through a blowhole just like whales. They are the only mammal besides manatees and whales that live their whole life in the water. Dolphins grow to be about 12 feet long and weigh 1,400 pounds. -Aubrey | Dolphins found underwater mines for the USA during World War 2.
12: Vasodilation is the process that the mammal uses to open their blood vessels so more blood flows and it helps keep them warm. | The center picture is a bottlenose dolphin mother with her young. The picture to the right is of wild pacific white sided dolphins. Glorie
13: Pufferfish | When Pufferfish are frightened they gulp air to make them seem larger. If a predator does get a pufferfish it would be poisoned. A pufferfish is so poisonous that one has enough poision to kill 30 adult humans. It is 1,200 times more poisonous than cyanide. In Japan people eat pufferfish which is very expensive. Some people die because the chief does not fix it tight. Aydan
14: Whale Sharks are calm and swim with their mouths wide open, so they can filter feed on plankton and small fish. You can find whale sharks in warm-temperate seas; they like to hang around reefs. | Venus Flytrap of the Sea lives in the Gulf of Mexico —along the Mediterranean, China, the Baltic, and the Caribbean Seas. | Interesting Creatures That are Out of the Ordinary | Dumbo Octopus Dugong William | Dugongs live in warm coastal waters from East Africa to Australia. They look like potatoes with eyes and roots. They sometimes “stand” on their tail to breath. Sometimes their young catch a ride on their mother’s back. They eat plants.
15: This is a magnified crustacean that was found by camera deep in the Atlantic abyss November 22, 2009. | The Great Swallower Before and After a meal of a Silver Sea Snake. William
16: The Great Barrier Reef is located on the coast of Australia. It is so big it is the only living thing seen from outer space. | It is also known as one of the 7 wonders of the natural world. A reef is made up of tons and tons of coral and many fish find safety and food in the coral. -Alex | Reefs are home to many plants and animals in the oceans all around the world.
17: Ocean pollution can cause fish and plants to die.!!!!! Aydan | In some parts of the ocean there are anoxic zones. These are areas which have little or no dissolved oxygen in the water; therefore animals die or migrate to different parts of the ocean which may cause probles to the food chain. | Ocean Pollution Toxic wastes are poisonous chemicals that can harm marine life as well as humans. Storm drains that are connected to sewers can cause sewage to go into the ocean during storms.
18: OIL SPILLS Oil spills are highly dangerous to the ocean. When the temperature is hot outside, the oil heats up, which then can heat up the ocean! Even small differences in temperature can be highly dangerous to some species of fish. Oil spills can easily destroy habitats for the animals and plants in the ocean. -Alex
19: The Deepwater Horizon oil spill (also referred to as the BP oil spill, or the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, is an oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico which flowed for three months in 2010. It is the largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the oil industry. On July 15, 2010, the oil leak was stopped by capping the gushing wellhead. In all, the spill released about 4.9 million barrels of crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico, and it continues to impact the plants and animals and people that live there.
21: The pictures used in this book were gathered from google.com/images