S: THe Six Kingdoms of Life
FC: The Six Kingdoms of Life A Children's Novel By, Chandler Bryce Mitchell
1: There are many things to look at when you are are trying to determine if something is living or not. What do you think make something a living thing? Well if your not sure here it is... | 1. Living things are highly organized, from the smallest part to the largest. 2. All living things have an ability to acquire materials and energy. 3. All living things have an ability to respond to their environment. 4. All living things have an ability to reproduce. 5. All living things have an ability to adapt.
2: Levels of Classification: Cat Kingdom: Animalia-the animals Phylum: Chordata-animals with backbones. Class: Mammalia-mammals or furry animals that nurse their young. Order: Carnivora-carnivores, or animals that kill and eat other animals. Family: Felidae-the cat family. Genus: Felis-house cats, cougars, and many others. Species: Catus-all house cats, no matter what their breed.
3: Archaea: A group of microscopic organisms. Can exist under extreme conditions such as extremely hot, acidic, alkaline environments. Single celled organisms with no nucleus. Prokaryotic and Binary Fission budding or fragmentation (asexual reproduction.) Example: Methanogens - Scientific Name: Methanopyrus Kandleri
4: Bacteria: Prokaryotic organisms that reproduce asexually. Prokaryotic (binary fission), small ones are called Monerans (asexual reproduction). Smallest and simplest lifeforms. Unicellular (one celled). No nucleus. Bacteria and cyanobacteria. Meningitis caused by Neisseria meningitides(coccus). Bubonic plague caused by yersinia pestis variety. Cholera caused by vibrio cholerae.
5: Protists: Single celled or multicellular. More complex than organisms in kingdom monera. Has a nucleus. Protozoans (animal like), Algae (Plant Like) . Example: Plasmodium falciparum. Algae: Cell walls, chlorophyll, photosynthetic, placed in groups according to color and structure. Protozoan: No cell wall or chlorophyll, internal digestion, no locomotion. Eukaryotic: mainly asexual, meiosis occurs in some species. Protist get around with animal like movements such as legs, using water a thrusting mechanism. Some Protist don't move at all.
6: Fungi: Multicellular complex. Cell walls, no chlorophyll. Threadlike fungi (bread mold). Club fungi (mushrooms). Sac fungi (yeast and mildew). Eukaryotic, asexual or sexual. The White Button mushroom, Agaricus bisporus. Amanita muscaria, commonly known as "fly agaric".
7: Plants: You can determine a plant is a plant if it Eukaryotic or not. A plant is Multicellular, has a cell wall and chlorophyll. Plants largest and longest living thing on Earth. There are Vascular and nonvascular plants
8: Nonvascular Plants: Moss is a nonvascular plant. Cannot conduct water. Lives in moist environment. Bryophytes: Bryum Argntium
9: Gymnosperms: A seeded plant. Its name means "Naked Seed." They are seed-bearing plants that includes conifers, cycads, in which named after the unenclosed condition of their seeds called ovules in their unfertilized state. One species is known as Picea glauca (White Spruce) needles.
10: Angiosperms: (Flowering Plant) Name means "covered seed". Seeds are produced inside ovaries. A ripened ovary is a fruit. Largest most diverse plants. One species is the Magnolia virginiana: Sweet Bay.
11: Animals: A living organism that feeds on organic matter, typically having specialized sense organs and nervous system and able to respond rapidly to stimuli. An animal is Eukaryotic. Animals reproduce sexually.
12: Simple Animals: (Sponges, Jellyfish, Mollusks) A sponge is the simplest of this group. Mollusks live in salt water environments. Others include: Clams, Oysters, Octopus, Squid. A clam gets food by Water and food particles which are drawn in through one siphon to the gills where tiny, hair-like cilia move the water, and the food is caught in mucus on the gills. From there, the food-mucus mixture is transported along a groove to the palps which push it into the clam's mouth. A species of a simple animal of an oyster is the gulf pearl oyster, Pinctada radiata. Spongia officinalis,is the kitchen sponge.
13: Arthropods (Insects, Spiders, Shellfish) Largest group of animal. Multiple body segments. Jointed appendages (Legs and Arms). Exoskeleton (Hard outer covering). Some hunt for their food, some are scavengers, and some just eat algae. Different species include dancefly (Empis livida), Phidippus audax: the jumping spider, and a land crab Cardisoma guanhumi.
14: Amphibians and Reptiles: Frogs, Toads, Salamanders, Turtles, Snakes, Lizards Amphibian live on land and water, have gills when young and lungs as adult, have smooth moist skin. A reptile lives on land and breathes with lungs, has plates or scales, and are ectothermic. Calyptocephallela gayi, the Helmeted Water Toad and the Nile Crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) are amphibian species.
15: Fish: A limbless cold-blooded vertebrate animal with gills and fins and living wholly in water. A bony fish trout is Salvelinus fontinalis. A cartilaginous shark is Rhincodon Typus.
16: Birds: A warm-blooded egg-laying vertebrate distinguished by the possession of feathers, wings, and a beak and (typically) by being able to fly. Light bones, feathers, and wings enable them fly. A White-throated Rock Thrush (Monticola gularis) is one of many of the bird species. The Hirundo Rusticus or more basically known as the Barn Swallow is also a species of bird.
17: Mammals: A warm-blooded vertebrate animal of a class that is distinguished by the possession of hair or fur, the secretion of milk by females for the nourishment of the young, and (typically) the birth of live young. Marsupial: Koala: (Phascolarctos cinereus). Aquatic: Melon-headed Whale, Peponocephala Electra. Terrestrial: Humans; Homo sapiens.