S: Think Before You Ink Kaitlyn Puglisi
FC: THINK BEFORE YOU INK | The Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How of Safely Acquiring Body Modifications
1: THINK BEFORE YOU INK The Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How of Safely Acquiring Body Modifications Created by: Kaitlyn Puglisi
2: Copyright 2011 Created using Mixbook All pictures taken by Kaitlyn Puglisi or used with permission
3: Johnston County Graduation Project Product 2011 Johnston County Middle College High School
4: Elaine Davidson, the "Most Pierced Woman" according to Guinness World Records.
5: What? | What is body modification? By definition, body modification is the deliberate change or alteration to one's body or appearance for any non-medical reason. What is the history of body modification? This practice has been in existence since the times of the ancient Egyptians. It is seen is almost every country across the globe, with ever-growing popularity in the the United States. What are examples of body modification? There is a large spectrum in this sub-culture. Examples include the dyeing of hair, body piercings, tattoos, stretching, plastic surgery, micro-dermal piercings, scarification, branding, dermal implants, suspensions, tongue splitting, ear cropping, and corset training. However, this book focuses on the two most common forms: tattoos and piercings.
6: Why? | Why do people obtain these modifications? Typically, body modifications are adorned for: - Aesthetic desires - Self expression - Religious beliefs - Sexual enhancement - Rites of passage - Group affiliation - Shock value
7: Jeff Puglisi exhibiting his United States Navy tattoo in honor of his dedicated service.
8: Who? | Who should be tattooing or piercing me? In the State of North Carolina, each individual tattoo artist within a shop is required to have a permit. In order to obtain these permits, the artist and their shop is subjected to a scheduled inspection by the local health department. These permits are valid for one year only. A tattoo artist may have multiple permits if he or she works in more than one facility. Unfortunately, permits are not required for an employee to pierce, brand, or stretch your body, which leaves much speculation on the precautions in those fields. What should I look for in a tattoo artist or piercer? The most important aspect is their permit, which should always be visible to any customer. While there are no official education programs required to become an artist, the taking and passing of a Blood-Born Pathogens class is also important. You must be sure that your artist is experienced, and has spent time interning under another artist in the past. Look for books demonstrating their work.
9: What factors are not acceptable in an artist? Be extremely wary of an artist with no visible permit, someone with little to no experience, and someone who does not follow the standard and proper health precautions. These precautions include: hand washing, the use of clean gloves, the use of a clean, prepackaged needle for each client, the use of disposable ink-pots and disposable grips, the use of basic disinfectant on all surfaces, the use of a sterile bandage post-procedure, and the use of other various sanitation requirements. Choose an artist who will not be eating, drinking, or smoking while tattooing or piercing you. Be sure the artist asks about any allergies or conditions you may have before tattooing or piercing you. Tell me more about the inspection process. The inspector will spend 1-2 hours with each artist grading their sanitation procedures, actual tattooing procedures from start to finish, and general knowledge of the field. The artist either passes or fails. If they receive a failing grade, they cannot reapply for another permit until exactly one year has passed.
10: Where? | How do I go about finding a good artist/piercer? Chances are someone you know and trust has tattoos or piercings, so word of mouth is always a good place to start. You can always also visit various shops in your area and find one that you feel comfortable and safe with. I've found a tattoo artist. Now what do I look for in specifically their shop? - Always be sure that their permits are properly displayed where any customer can view them. - Note the cleanliness of the facility. Are there insects or other animals? Are all surfaces dirty, dusty, or sticky? Is there any trash or food on the counters or floors? Does the facility smell like smoke or any other unpleasant odor? If so, these are all definite permit violations and it would be in your best interest to not obtain any modifications from the location. - Never settle on a shop unless you feel you are in a safe, trustworthy, comfortable, and sanitary environment.
11: An artist's permit hanging on the wall where it is visible to any and all customers.
12: When? | How old do I have to be to get a tattoo? The State of North Carolina follows the guidelines set by the State of Arizona regarding ages for modification, as they are the most strict. You must be 18 years of age or older to obtain any kind of tattoo, branding, or scarification. You also must not be under the influence of any drugs or alcohol at the time of the procedure. What about a piercing/stretching? In North Carolina, one must be at least 16 years of age with parental consent in order to obtain any piercing, stretching, or dermal implant in any body part other than the ears. After the age of 18, parental consent is not needed. So, when should I get modified? Acquiring body modifications is completely and totally up to you. It is typically a very personal decision, and that is why you, and only you, can determine when you are ready to become modified or add to your modifications.
13: Internationally known Rick "Zombie Boy" Genest started the process of tattooing his entire body at age 16. His inspiration draws from "the art of a rotting cadaver" and his love of horror films.
14: How do I decide what to get tattooed on my body? Choose a design that means something to YOU. Whether it is a pre-drawn design or something you have brought in for the artist to elaborate on or create for you, make sure that it is special, meaningful, or important to you. If you are unsure and think that you may have feelings of regret at a later time, it would most likely be in your best interest to hold off on getting that particular tattoo. Be aware of the size of the tattoo that you desire, as well as the colors, styling, and font choice if there are words involved. Come prepared when you visit your artist's shop. Refrain from making spur of the moment decisions. Be aware of what is acceptable at your work place, as many offices view body modifications as unprofessional. | How?
15: How does the typical modification process work? After choosing a shop and artist that you feel completely comfortable with, now is the time to decide what modifications you would like to adorn your body with. This choice should not be a quick decision, as you should really be careful in what you decide to have put on your body, seeing as many of these modifications are almost permanent. After you have selected your tattoo design, piercing, or other modification, talk thoroughly about the details of the process with your artist. Will it be painful? What is the healing process? Is there anything else you need to know before proceeding? Once you receive complete and accurate answers to all of these questions, feel free to proceed with your modification. Make sure that your artist uses the proper sanitation and health precautions before and during your modification session. After completion, always follow aftercare instructions and don't be afraid to call or visit your artist (or a medical specialist) is any problems arise.
16: An estimated 20 million Americans currently have tattoos. The first international tattoo convention was held in Reno, Nevada in 1978. The most common piercings in America today are ear, oral, and nose piercings. 13% of teenagers with body piercings obtained them without parental consent or knowledge. | Statistics
17: According to a recent study, it is estimated that at least 50% of the people who receive modifications, especially tattoos, will later regret their decision. By being prepared and safe about obtaining your body modifications, you can help to not be a part of that 50%. In America today, 38% of people ages 18 to 29 have a least one tattoo. At the BodyLase Skin Spa in Raleigh, North Carolina, at least 20 people undergo laser tattoo removal treatment each month.
18: The Tattoo Removal Process | I have a terrible tattoo that I want removed. How do I go about doing this? In this day and age, painful dermabrasion, chemical peels, or surgical removal of the skin is not required to remove an unsightly tattoo. With the use of a special laser known as the Q-Switched 1064 Veripulse C laser, the ink is fragmented and naturally absorbed into the skin. The ink does not flake or peel off, and the tattoo typically disappears after 6 to 12 treatments. What else can you tell me about the tattoo removal process? The process can only be performed by a Registered Nurse, LPN, or laser technician under the license of a plastic surgeon. Each treatment typically costs around 300 dollars, and the number of treatments are determined by the size of the tattoo. One must be at least 18 years of age to receive treatment.
19: What are the risks, if any? Laser tattoo removal is not covered by insurance as it is an elective cosmetic procedure. Typical side effects include temporary skin color change, blistering, bleeding, swelling, itching, burning, redness, or unresponsive skin. Tattoos containing colored ink, such as aqua blue, are much harder to remove than tattoos containing black or red ink. Keep in mind, the process of removing a tattoo is almost always more expensive than the tattoo was to begin with. | After five treatments of the removal process at the BodyLase Skin Spa in Raleigh, North Carolina.
20: Photo Gallery | Various examples of tattoos all of which were obtained because of personal likes and self expression.
21: Works Cited | "Before and After." Photograph. Web. 1 Oct. 2011. http://getbodylase.com/skinrejuventation-services/laser-tattoo-removal. "Elaine Davidson." Guiness Book of World Records. Photograph.Web.15 Oct. 2011. http://community.worldrecords.com/Elaine-Davidson/blog. "Meet Zombie Boy." Photograph. Web. 2 Oct. 2011. http://gobeyondthecover.com/meet-zombie-boy.aspx. All other pictures featured were taken and used with permission by Kaitlyn Puglisi
22: Thank you for taking the time to read this book. Hopefully it will have provided you with the information and knowledge necessary to safely and intelligently obtain new body modifications. Stay educated. Stay safe. Stay modified.
23: Created by: Kaitlyn Puglisi Johnston County Middle College High School Senior Project 2011