S: The Thirteen Colonies By: Katie Xue, Katelyn Roth, Vaishnavi Rudraraju
BC: The Thirteen Colonies Thanks for reading!!!
FC: The Thirteen Colonies | By: Katie Xue, Katelyn Roth & Vaishnavi Rudraraju
1: The Thirteen Colonies | By: Katie Xue, Katelyn Roth, and Vaishnavi Rudraraju
2: New England | In the 1630s the Puritans traveled to the New World because they were being persecuted in England. Some people joined the Puritans because they hoped to make a fortune. They created the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and John Winthrop was chosen to be the first governor. In the beginning only stockholders that invested in the Massachusetts Bay Company. Winthrop and other Puritan leaders granted that all men that were part of the Puritan Church could vote and elect representatives to be part of the assembly known as the General Court. The Puritans did not like when people questioned their religion and beliefs. They did not totally separate from the Church of England. They had just hoped to practice it using simpler forms. | John Winthrop | By:Katie Xue
3: In May of the year 1636 Thomas Hooker, a Puritan minister, led approximately 100 settlers out of Massachusetts Bay. They built a town by the Connecticut River called Hartford. Thomas Hooker had left Massachusetts Bay because he believed the government had too much power. The settlers there decided to write a plan for government called the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut. It was very similar to Massachusetts' government, but two major differences were that all males who owned property could vote, and it limited the governor's power. In 1662 Connecticut became a separate colony. | Statue of Thomas Hooker
4: A young minister from Salem named Roger Williams challenged the Puritan leaders. He believed that the church in Massachusetts had too much power, and that the church and government should be separate. He also believed in religious tolerance. In 1635 Roger Williams was ordered to leave Massachusetts. He stayed with Native Americans at Narragansett Bay until the winter of 1636. He then bought land from the Natives. That land soon became the colony of Rhode Island. In Rhode Island Williams practiced religious tolerance. He did not set up a state church, and he did not require settlers to attend church services. He also gave all men a right to vote. Soon many people came to Rhode Island. | Roger Williams and the Natives at Narragansett.
5: Many settlers left Massachusetts. and traveled to other parts of New England. In 1658 the king of England made the coastal settlements the colony of New Hampshire. Some settlers there decided to make fishing and trading villages. | Map of Colonial New Hampshire | New England's soil was not the best for farming because it was very rocky. Later on the Natives taught the English settlers how to grow crops such as pumpkins, squash, beans, and Indian corn. A resource they did have was their rich forests. They hunted wild turkey and deer, and they cut down trees. Settlers sent the trees to sawmills near ports in cities like Boston. This helped them become major cities. | In general the colonies held town meetings. This is where settlers discussed and voted on many issues.
6: The Middle Colonies | New York | The colony of New York was originally called New Netherlands and was set up by the Dutch explorers. In 1644 the England and Netherlands were at war for trading and colonies. The New Netherlands governor, Peter Stuszyvent, swore to defend the colony but had little weapons and eventually surrender without a fight. King Charles II gave the colony to his brother the Duke of York who then renamed the colony New York.
7: New Jersey | The colony of New Jersey originally belonged to New York. The Duke of York decided to give some of his colony away to his friends Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret. They then turned the colony into a proprietary colony named New Jersey.
8: Pennsylvania | The colony of Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn in 1681. Penn thought his experiment was a "holy experiment". He wanted it to be a place or religious freedom, Christian Living and peace. His Quakers beliefs led him to speak out against unfair treatment of Native Americans. Penn sent pamphlets all over Europe about his new colony and soon people from all over were coming to the colony. | Penn then established a colony along the Delaware River. He named it Philadelphia, which became the capital city.
9: Delaware | The colony of Delaware was originally apart of Pennsylvania up until 1704. the people of Delaware didn't like the idea of having to travel far for assembly so they eventually broke away to form the colony of Delaware.
10: Life in the Middle Colonies | Most people farmed in the middle colonies because the soil was so fertile. They made a lot of wheat which is why the middle colonies became known as the "breadbasket" of the colonies. They also raised cattle and pigs. Those who didn't farm were most likely skilled artists. The homes in the middle colonies were far apart and because of this they didn't have town meetings like in the New England Colonies. There were also the German and Scot- Irish living in the backcountry. They found it harder to farm there because it was so densely forested.
11: Made by: Katelyn Roth
12: Southern Colonies | Maryland: | Sir George Calvert asked King Charles I for land in the Americas. He named his land Maryland after the king's wife. He set up this colony for Roman Catholics who wanted to practice their religion freely. George Calvert died, so his son, Lord Baltimore, took over the project. Lord Baltimore learned from previous mistakes and tried not to do the same things in his colony. He built St. Mary's in a dry place, he avoided swampy lowland like Jamestown. Baltimore also allowed colonists to vote and stated that anyone who brought over servants, women, or children would be awarded with land. He also welcomed Protestants, so he passed the Act of Toleration, which provides religious freedom for all Christians. | The Southern Colonies are made up of Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, and Georgia. Tidewater Plantations and Backcountry South were two different living styles. The tidewater plantations had warm weather with long growing seasons. The colonists in this area usually grew indigo, rice, and tobacco. Tobacco was their cash crop. The backcountry on was very different.It had rich fertile soil that grew tobacco, peas, beans, and squash by the men. This area also had more democracy. Unlike the tidewater plantations, the backcountry had very little slavery.
13: The Carolinas: | Eight English nobles received land for King Charles II. Settlement was in two places; North Carolina and South Carolina. North Carolina was made mostly of poor tobacco farmers from Virginia. South Carolina was a larger colony. Charles Town or Charleston was located at the intersection of the Ashley and Cooper rivers. Southern Carolina soon learned to grow indigo. It began to enslave men and women from Africa after they realized that Native Americans could not help. There were so many Africans in South Carolina that the slave population outnumbered the English. | Georgia: | James Oglethorpe founded Georgia in 1732 for debtors who wanted a new start. Debtors were usually put in prison until they paid their debt, but after they were released, they had no place to go. Oglethorpe was willing to pay for the debtors and for the poor to travel to Georgia. Georgia grew very quickly when James allowed large plantations and slave labor. | Created by: Vaishnavi Rudraraju