S: Tsunami Disasters
BC: This book was made by: Michele,Gaby, and Owen | TSUNAMIS!!!!!!!!!
FC: Tsunami Disasters By: Gaby, Michele, and Owen
1: There are many things that cause tsunamis, such as: Earthquakes Landslides Volcanoes Asteroids Meteorites Avalanches and Underwater Explosions
3: The huge waves called Tsunami are caused by the abrupt vertical displacement of a large volume of water, usually from natural sources of energy such as the force of large earthquakes near the shore or underwater.
4: Timeline | A.D. 365 The Thera volcano erupted, causing a tsunami that struck the Greek island of Crete. The waves also reached Alexandria and Egypt, striking with such force that they carried ships inland. 1703 The Genroku Kanto earthquake caused a tsunami that hit the coastal area of Japan, killing thousands of people. 1746 A large earthquake in central Peru caused a tsunami that destroyed the town of Calloa. Eyewitnesses said the first wave was 80 ft.(24 m) high. 1755 An earthquake in Lisbon, Portugal caused many citizens to flee to safety on ships in the port- and then a tsunami demolished the port. About 100,000 people in Portugal, Morocco, and Spain were killed. 1771 A tsunami hit the Ryukyu Islands in Japan, killing more than 13,000 people. 1868 The U.S. warship USS Wateree was carried about 500 yards (457 m) inland when a tsunami followed an 8.5 earthquake in Arica, Chile.
5: 1883 About 36,000 people died from the tsunami that followed the eruption of Krakatau in Indonesia. 1896 Citizens gathered to celebrate a religious festival in Sanriku, Japan, when a tsunami hit and claimed approximately 26,000 lives. 1908 A 7.5-magnitude quake in southern Italy causeed a tsunami that claimed up to 200,000 lives. 1923 The great Kanto earthquake in Japan, combined with fires and tsunamis, killed 140,000 people. 1933 Tsunami waves reaching 75 ft. (23 m ) in height struck Saniku, killing 3,000 people and sinking eight thousand ships. 1946 An earthquake in the Aleutian Islands in Alaska destroyed the Scotch Cap lighthouse. Five hours later, a tsunami struck Hilo, Hawaii. 1958 A magnitude 8 earthquake caused a landslide in Lituya, Alaska. The landslide then produced a tsnumani. 1960 A 9.5- magnitude earthquake caused a tsunami in Chile. The tsunami waves traveled to Hilo, Hawaii, and Japan.
6: 1964 A March earthquake in Anchorage, Alaska caused a landslide. The landslide then caused a tsunami that sweeped down the West Coast and demolished much of Crescent City, California. 1976 A tsunami, killed more than 5,000 people in the Philippines 1992 Tsunami waves up to 30 feet (9 m) high struck the coast of Nicaragua. The second and third waves were the most destructive. 1998 A tsunami struck Papua New Guinea, killing more than 2,000 people and left thousands homeless. 2004 A tsunami in the Indian Ocean killed more than 200,000 people in southern Asia, southwestern Asia, and eastern Africa. 2005 A tsunami followed an 8.7-magnitude earthquake in western Sumatra. The disaster displaced 140,000 people. 2007 Indonesia and Japan were hit with devastating waves that killed over 5,000 people. 2009 The Samoan Islands were hit with huge waves that killed a relatively few, 1,500 (compared to other tsunamis). 2010 In Haiti, as we all know, there was a devastating tsunami. It took thousands of lives and people around the world are still trying to help as much as they can. 2011 As we have all heard, there was a huge tsunami in Japan, that killed many people and the country is still recovering today.
8: Public Service Announcement: | Pay attention to tsunami warnings on TV or the radio. Follow all emergency instructions. If you are at the beach, or by the ocean, during an earthquake, move inland right away. In areas near the water, an earthquake can be a natural tsunami warning. Water that suddenly rushes away from the beach is another natural tsunami warning. You may see rocks, shells, and flopping fish where the water disappeared.Don't stand there and look. The water may rush back in and sweep you away. If there is no time to get away from the ocean in a tsunami warning, go to the upper floor of a hotel or other tall, strong building. If no buildings are nearby, look for trees or other objects that you can climb to get above the waves. Remember that a tsunami is one wave after another. Don't go near the shore after the first or second wave. Another wave may be coming. Water in a tsunami may pick up bacteria as it washes over the land. These germs could make you very sick. Don't play in the water. If you are swept up in a tsunami, try to stay as calm as possible. Keep your head above water. Watch for tree branches, telephone poles or other objects that you can grab and hold onto to stay afloat.
9: Our world has worked hard to prevent as much damage as possible, but many things still happen when these horrible disasters occur. Of course, many structures are destroyed and it costs a lot of money to fix it all. The way that we try to prevent as much damage as possible in the tsunami risk areas is to build strong buildings so that when the powerful waves come they can't be knocked down easily.
10: This map represents the highest and lowest risk areas for tsunamis.
11: New Guinea | Haiti
12: Alaska | Haiti | Peru | Chile | Portugal | Italy
13: Japan | Papua New Guniea | Indonesia | Indian Ocean | Greece
14: Fun Facts: Unlike hurricanes, blizzards and many other natural disasters, tsunamis often occur with little or no warning. In a tsunami, waves could come onto the shore just fifteen minutes after they first rise up in the ocean. Size: As the waves get closer to the shore, the waves will start to get higher as the sea floor rises in height. The waves can be as high as 100 ft. tall when they near shore. Tsunami is a Japanese word: The literal translation in English is "wave harbor" or "harbor wave." Speed: These waves can travel at great speeds - up to hundreds of miles per hour. Many people say that a tsunami sounds like a train. Hawaii is the U.S state at greatest risk for a tsunami.
15: A mega tsunami (which can be much larger than a normal tsunami) is caused by a landslide or by a meteorite impact into the sea. Also of interest, animals often recognize the danger signals and run inland before the tsunami hits. Tsunamis can occur on islands, peninsulas, and coasts. At the deepest point in the ocean, tsunamis have speeds up to 600 mph. Close to the shore, this speed reduces to 30 to 40 mph. In all of recorded history, 275,000 people have perished in tsunamis.
16: Contributions: Research: All Of Us Causes: Michele and Owen Page 3: Michele Time line: Gaby PSA: Gaby How It Affects Our World: Gaby Map: Gaby Designs: Michele Contributions: Michele and Gaby Research Was Found in: Michele and Gaby Back Cover: Michele Pictures: Michele Front Cover: Gaby and Owen
17: Research was found in: TSUNAMIS By: MICHAEL WOODS AND MARY B. WOODS www.answers.com and from google.com (It was in the headlines)