BC: A teacher should think... not if but when I use visual literacy across the curriculum!
FC: Visual Literacy Through the Developmental Stages of Human Life
1: Define Visual Literacy | “Visual Literacy refers to a group of vision-competencies a human being can develop by seeing and at the same time having and integrating other sensory experiences. The development of these competencies is fundamental to normal human learning. When developed, they enable a visually literate person to discriminate and interpret the visible actions, objects, symbols, natural or man-made, that he encounters in his environment. Through the creative use of these competencies, he is able to communicate with others.” -International Visual Literacy Association http://www.ivla.org/org_what_vis_lit.htm
2: Why is it important not to stop learning?
3: "Literacy, therefore, may be thought of as a moving target, continually changing its meaning depending on what society expects literate individulas to do. As societal expectations for literacy change, and as the demands on literate functions in a society change, so too must definitions of literacy change to reflect this moving target. (Leu, Kinzer, Coiro & Cammack 2004, p. 1584).
4: The Beginning... Visually seen objects representing wants, needs, and desires.
5: At the beginning stages of development children learn to use non-verbal ways of expressing voice. If a child wants to be held he/she will raise their hands up to their caregiver. Children begin to understand that items such as a bottle coincide with being fed and therefore point to a bottle when they are hungry. Other objects such as a ball symbolize playing and a crib symbolizes sleeping.
6: Throughout these early stages children learn how to classify according to variables. By using objects such as wood blocks, children can compare/contrast objects based on variables such as: | COLOR | SIZE | SHAPE | TEXTURE
8: Early School Days... | Students use visual literacy in science when recording data, in language arts when learning about creative writing, in social studies when learning maps, and in reading.
9: As children rapidly begin to grow as learners in school, visual literacy becomes visible throughout all subject areas across the curriculum.
10: "Each image may offer dozens of possibilities." From Now On the Educational Technology Journal http://fno.org/oct05/images.html | Symbols
11: Symbols can represent holidays and other events.
12: Later in life, visual literacy continues to play an important role in and out of school. This form of literacy forms a deeper meaning as it becomes more complex yet more relatable. | Later School Days... | Drama | Sign Language | Music and Art
13: Trigonometry, Webs, Graphs, Charts, Periodic Table of Elements all learned through Math and Science. | Logos
14: Theatre | Dance & Forms of Expression | Discrete Art | Continuing on throughout life... | Although formal education may end upon graduation, literate members of society continue to use visual literacy on an everyday basis. Visual literacy can be found in forms of expression, nutrition facts, directions for assembly, captions on Television or in the news, and on advertisements.
16: Visual Learning is: "Learned ability to interpret visual messages accurately and to create such messages" (Heinich, Molenda, Russell, & Smaldino, Instructional Media and Technologies for Learning, 1999, p. 64)
17: Process revolves around visually encoding and decoding images. Visual Encoding -using methods of visual literacy to communicate by using language skills Visual Decoding -ability to critically analyze images in order to put meaning behind them
18: Visual Thinking Strategies (VTS) What is it? "Research-based teaching method that improves critical thinking and language skills through images" Why was VTS created? "To build a society that is innovative, prosperous, and truly democratic we need to teach next generations not just facts and skills, but how to learn, how to communicate, and how to think creatively, critically, independently." Philip Yenawine, VTS Co-Founder
19: Principles of VTS -develop global society -use an innovative curriculum -create motivated learners -develop critical thinking, communication, and visual literacy skills -facilitate learner-centered discussions of visual art How do students feel about it? Just telling us the 'answer' is the easy way out; [through VTS] we discover for ourselves" Boston student, 8th grade
20: What can learning visual literacy do for students? *Research by founders has shown VTS: -Measurably increases observation skills, evidential reasoning, and speculative abilities -Engenders the willingness and ability to find multiple solutions to complex problems -Enables students to practice respectful, democratic, collaborative problem solving skills Nurture verbal language skills -produces growth in all students, from challenged and non-English language learners to high achievers | Visual Thinking Strategies information and quotes provided by: vtshome.org
21: In conclusion... Visual literacy is everywhere in the world around us starting from birth and continuing through adulthood. Principles of visual literacy build on one another and are crucial when building literate and educated citizens. Visual literacy practices the idea of thinking outside the box and thinking critically about the images that surround us which could help us to learn and grow everyday.