S: Way Black When: A Look at 1940s-1950s
FC: Way Black When: A Look into the 1940s-1950s | By: Patrice Watts, JaDarius McKay, Carl Parker, Jatavius Taylor
1: George Gibbs Jr. is the first black man to arrive at Antarctica, also known as the South Pole. Getting a start in exploration through the U.S. Navy, the Jacksonville, Florida native served World War II as a gunner in 1939. Gibbs joined Admiral Richard Byrd on a South Pole expedition that would be completed in 1941. Gibbs was the first and only African American in a group of 40 sailors aboard the USS Bear. On January 14, 1941, the men reached their destination. | George Gibbs Explorer South Pole 1941
2: Kenny Washington was the first professional football player who was the first African-American to sign a contract with the St. Louis Rams in 1949. He was a star running back at Abraham Lincoln High School in Los Angeles, CA. He led the nation in total offense and became the first all American in the history of UCLA Bruins football program in 1939. | Kenny Washington 1st NFL Player 1946
4: Ralph J. Bunch 1st Nobel Peace Prize Winner
5: Ralph J. Bunche was the 1st Nobel Peace Prize winner in poetry. He was born on August 7, 1904 in Detroit Michigan. His intellectual brilliance appeared early, he won prizes in History and English during elementary school. He graduated Valedictorian of his graduating class at Jefferson High School in Los Angeles, CA. He was also very athletic competing in Football, Basketball, Baseball and track. Ralph won an athletic scholarship to the University of California where he attended college. | Grandparents | Parents
6: We Shall Overccome | Brown vs. Board of Education 1954
7: In Topeka Kansas in the 1950's, schools were segregated by race. Linda Brown and her sister would have to walk dangerous grounds in order to get to their all-black elementary school, when there was a white school closer to their home. Segregation laws would not allow the Brown's to attend the white school. However, he parents took the case to the Supreme Court and they ruled that the separate but equal schools violated the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment.
8: Rosa Parks Montgomery Bus 1955
9: Rosa Park was born on February 4, 1913 in Tuskegee, Alabama. Rosa is known for her stand against racial segregation on public buses in Montgomery, Alabama, where she refused to give up her seat to a white man. Rosa spent most of her life fighting for desegregation and voting rights for African American's. In 2004, Rosa Parks passed away after being diagnosed with dementia.