BC: In 1978 the Cold War entered a new phase as the Red Army rumbled into Afghanistan. The aim had been that the government of Noor Taraki would create a Marxist client state, but as in other countries, the USSR rapidly found itself implicated directly. "Wheel of Fortune", premiering on American TV on January 6, 1975, is possibly the world's most popular game show. It involves three contestants spinning a large wheel, and landing on a 'fortune'. This can include a money value, ranging from about 100 dollars to thousands of dollars. It could also be a bad fortune, such as a Bankrupt place on the wheel that takes away all of the contestant's money. On January 1978, Sally Ride was selected as an astronaut candidate by NASA. By August 1979 she had completed a 1-year training and evaluation period and was eligible to be assigned as a mission specialist on future Space Shuttle flight crews. On June 18, 1983, she became the first American woman to orbit the Earth when she flew aboard Space Shuttle Challenger. One day in 1985, two heavy metal fans, Raymond Belknap and James Vance, from Nevada, USA, decided to devote their day to drinking alcohol, smoking marijuana and listening to records by the British heavy metal band Judas Priest. By the evening, the two friends had acquired a sawn-off shotgun and entered into a suicide pact. The United States' level of foreign debt has fluctuated over the decades since the nation's birth. But during the 1980s 'Reaganomics' started a trend of higher and higher obligations to foreign creditors that continues into the 21st Century. Based on a study in nearly 200 cities, the number of homeless people in the US tripled between 1981 and 19892. More startling is that more than a quarter of the nation's homeless, as many as a third, are veterans. The most important implication in the Western World when AIDS was discovered was that of unprotected sex. The 'free love' message of the sixties had yet to die down, and many youths indulged, often with an embarrassing lack of knowledge of protection. Because AIDS has a near 100% transmission rate from unprotected sex, there were naturally fears of a widespread outbreak, although with huge public-awareness campaigns this has hopefully been averted. Crack is a smokable form of cocaine, achieved by heating the cocaine hydrochloride with sodium bicarbonate (household baking soda), which frees the cocaine base from its salt. When the resulting brown nuggets are crushed up and toked, the residue of the baking soda crackles as it burns. Hence the name. On a cold December night in 1984, Bernard Goetz was riding the Subway alone when the four black youths approached him. Goetz claimed that the four youths threatened him with the business end of a screwdriver and demanded that he hand over his money. The youths contended that they were merely 'panhandling' to get some money so they could play video games. He pulled out a gun and shot all four of the youths in what he called 'self defence.'
1: Garrett | Latham | Ryan | Mulnick | Hayden | Miller
3: Mulnick | Ryan
6: Harry Truman became president on April 12, 1945 after Roosevelt died. He had only been vice president for 83 days. Doris Day was born on 3 April, 1924. She starred in movies such as Romance on the High Seas, My Dream is Yours and It's A Great Feeling. On October 1, 1949 Mao Tse-Tung's revolution was complete. The Japanese were defeated. Johnnie Ray was born on 10 January, 1927. He signed a contract and became popular in 1951. South Pacific was performed on April 7, 1949. It was written by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II. Walter Winchell was born in April of 1897. One of his famous quotes was 'Nothing recedes like success.' Joe DiMaggio was one of the most popular baseball players ever. He married Marilyn Monroe in 1954. Joe McArthy was a US Republican Senator. He was one of the most controversial figures in the 1950s. Richard Nixon became a senate in 1950. He became the president in 1969. Studebaker produced wagons through the late 1800s. They moved to gas powered vehicles in 1904. Families started to buy televisions in the 1950s. The end of the broadcast day included the national anthem. Korea was annexed by Japan in 1910. On June 25, 1950 troops crossed the 38th parallel.
7: Marilyn Monroe was born on June 1, 1926 in Los Angeles. Her birth name was Norma Jean Mortensen. The Rosenberg trial lasted three weeks in March 1951. They spent 26 weeks on death row. In September 1949 Truman ordered the Atomic Energy Commission to start to develop the Hydrogen Bomb. On November 1, 1952 the first H-bomb was detonated. Sugar Ray was born on May 3, 1921. He turned professional at the age of 19. United Nations representatives met with the Korean and Chinese military leader to talk peace in Panmunjom. The Korean war had already lasted over a year. Brando was born on April 3, 1924. He has been acknowledged as one of the greatest actors ever. The Catcher in the Rye is a book written by JD Salinger. The book is about a guy named Holden Caulfield. Dwight David Eisenhower was born on October 14, 1890. Eisenhower and his family followed a strict form of fundamentalist Christian beliefs. Polio killed many people in its time. The virus killed Roosevelt. England's new queen was born third-in-line to the throne on April 21, 1926. The new queen's name was Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor. Marciano was born on September 1, 1923. His original name was Rocco Marchegiano. Wladziu Valentino Liberace was born in 1919. During the depression Liberace played the piano to earn money for his family.
8: George Santayana was born in Spain in 1863. He died in September 1952. Josef Stalin was 45 when in 1924. He died on March 1, 1953. Georgy Maksimilianovich Malenkov was born in December 1901. By 1961 his fall from grace was complete. Gamal Abdel Nasser was born in 1918. On March 1953, two Soviet citizens died. Nelson Rockefeller served as Vice President to Gerald Ford. Both parties applauded the fact that Rockefeller was Vice President. Roy Campanella was born on November 19, 1921. He died on June 26, 1993. The Cold War had peaked from 1948 through to 1953. The post-World War II Soviets wanted to spread communism. Roy Cohn was born on February 20, 1927. Roy was a rising star within the US Attorney's office. Juan Peron was born on October 8, 1895. He a group of other dissident officers who staged a coup d'état in 1943. Arturo Toscanini was born in 1867. He died in 1957. Dacron is actually Polyethylene terephthalate. Dacron artificial arteries are now used throughout the world. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu was a major turning point in the Vietnamese War. The French did not count on Viet Minh's accuracy with Chinese artillery. 'Rock Around The Clock' was written by Max Freedman and Jimmy De Knight. It was recorded by Bill Haley and His Comets.
11: Garrett | Garrett
12: Garrett | Garrett
14: Garrett | Garrett
17: Garrett | Garrett
18: Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 - Apirl 18, 1955. He was born in Germany. James Byron Dean February 8, 1931 – September 30, 1955. He was an American actor who was in the movie Rebel Without a Cause (1955). In 1955, the Dodgers captured the National League Pennant which meant they would go on to face the Yankees in the World Series again. The Dodgers were Brooklyn's team. 'The Ballad of Davy Crockett' was composed in twenty minutes by Tom Blackburn and George Bruns who worked for Disney. The song sold over 10 million copies around the world. In 1902 J M Barrie wrote a book entitled "The Little White Bird".In 1954, Disney produced a full-length animated feature film. The first Disneyland park opened on 7 July, 1955 in Anaheim, Los Angeles, California.The park was the brainchild of Walt Disney himself who, along with John Hench, was very involved with the design and construction. Boris Leonidovich Pasternak was born in Moscow in 1890.His father, Leonid Osipovich, was a professor at the Moscow School of Painting. Mickey Mantle was truly one of the greatest baseball players of all time. Playing from 1951 to 1969, he is in the Baseball Hall of Fame and today still holds many records. To many the archetypal 'road' author, Jack Kerouac reached the peak of his fame in 1957. His bestseller was "On The Road". Sputnik 1, launched on October 4, 1957, was the world's first artificial satellite.It was relatively small having a mass of only 83.6 kg.
19: The Little Rock Central High school district was the first in the South to allow integration, though there was certainly a great deal of resistance.The first public school in a Southern state to have the Brown vs Board of Education decision enforced was Little Rock Central High, in Arkansas. Chou En-Lai is often revered as a pearl among swine when debating the leadership of twentieth century Red China. He died in 1976. The 1957 film 'The Bridge on the River Kwai' was an epic World War II prisoner-of-war drama starring Alec Guinness, William Holden and Jack Hawkins.Directed by David Lean and based upon the novel of the same name5 by French author Pierre Boulle. And God Created Woman, according to the title of the 1956 film (Et Dieu... créa la femme in its original French). Playing the lead role in the film was Brigitte Bardot. In order to understand the significance of Budapest in 1956 it is necessary to know a little about the history of Hungary and its people.As early as 1526, Hungary had laboured under foreign rule. Following the American Civil War many states enacted laws that enforced segregation between the races. Alabama was one of those states. Nikita Kruschev was born in the Ukraine in 1894. He was a young miner when the Bolshevik revolution took power in 1917. On 14 September, 1982 Princess Grace of Monaco died after a terrible car accident.Her body rested in state at Monaco's Cathedral. It had been a best-selling novel (written by Grace Metalious) and a feature film. It was a soap opera that aired in the 1960's.
20: Thalidomide is a drug that was introduced on to the market on 1 October, 1957 in West Germany.It was discovered by accident in 1954 by chemists in Germany. The 1958 civil war in Lebanon was started by Lebanese Muslims.They started the civil war to join the United Arab Republic. Buddy Holly was born in Lubbock, Texas, USA, on 7 September, 1936. The bespectacled wonder first shot to fame with Peggy Sue in 1959. In 1925 MGM1 produced a spectacular silent film, Ben-Hur, based on a novel by General Lew Wallace. In 1959 they released a remake. The first monkey launched into space was Gordo.He was a squirrel monkey who flew in the Jupiter AM-13 into orbit on December 13, 1958. It is believed that the mafia had been formed as early as the 13th century in Sicily. Don Vito Cascio Ferro is believed to have created the first American Mafia in 1893. Ancient artifact, 1950's craze and modern performance art.The humble hula-hoop's been here for awhile. Castro was born in the Oriente Province of Cuba on August 13, 1926.Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz was the son of a local landowner. In 1956 Ford Motor Company realised that there was a hole in their range of medium-sized cars. This meant that Ford was losing customers to other manufacturers because they couldn't get medium-sized cars. The U-2 was a spy plane built by Lockheed Aircraft Corporation. It first flew in August 1955.
21: Syngman Rhee was born in Korea on 26 March, 1875. His father, Rhee Kyong Sun was an impoverished yangban (The yangban were the highest social class of the Korean Choson dynasty, which survived until 1910.) Ernest Evans was born on 3 October, 1941 in Spring Gulley, South Carolina.Later moved with his family to Philadelphia. One of the most important thrillers ever written and one of the scariest films of all time. Psycho was written and directed by Alfred Hitchcock.
23: Hayden | Miller
27: Ernest Hemingway was a great American writer. His great writing talent won him the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. Adolf Eichmann managed the deportation of Jews to Ghettos. He was the only person executed in Israel on conviction by a civilian court. Stranger in a Strange Land was a science fiction novel published in 1961. I won the Hugo Award for Best Novel in 1962. Bob Dylan is an American singer-songwriter. He also paints and writes poetry. Berlin is the capital city of Germany. It is also the largest city in Germany. The Bay of Pigs Invasion was a failed action by Cuban exiles trained by the CIA. The exiles were defeated within three days. Lawrence of Arabia was a British movie about the life of T.E. Lawrence. The movie was directed by David Lean. Beatlemania was the word used to describe the crazy crowd at Beatles concerts. Beatlemania was characterized by intense hysteria of the fans. Ole Miss is the nickname of the University of Mississippi. It was founded in 1848. John Glenn was a U.S. Marine Corp pilot, astronaut, and U.S Senator. He was the first American to orbit the earth. Liston knocked out Patterson at 2:06 in the first round. Liston was the first black man to compete for the crown in 25 years. Pope Paul VI was also known as Giovanni Battista Montini. He was elected as Pope on 6/22/1963. Malcolm X was in favor of segregation, as long as it helped blacks. What this meant was that whites would be free to control the northern states and blacks would get the southern part of the Union and both these areas would practice segregation in favor of the ruling race. In 1961 Profumo and Keeler met at a weekend party at Lord Astor's house in Berkshire. The couple had a passionate, but brief, affair.
29: On Friday, November 22, 1963, JFK had planned to drive through Dallas, Texas. He was shot and killed by Lee Harvey Oswald. The birth control pill Enovid was granted FDA approval on May 11, 1960, it had already been available on the market for two years as a treatment for gynaecological disorders. In less than two years more than 1,200,000 women were taking the pill. Ho Chi-Minh spent his last years before his death, at the age of 79 years old, as President, overseeing his country at war with America. North Vietnam was successful in that it weakened America's defense of South Vietnam by using gunboats to attack the US warships in August 1964. Richard Nixon returned to politics in 1968. He then won the 1972 Presidential election over George McGovern. Moonshot refers to the Apollo moon landings. It meant that we were "shooting" for the moon. Woodstock is a huge music festival used to generate peace. It is amazing because there is a zero percent crime rate. Watergate has become the name given to a complex web of political scandals that occurred in America between 1972 and 1974. They eventually led to the resignation of President Richard Nixon. 1977 was undoubtedly the year of the punk. Punk fans were loud, oddly dressed, multiply pierced and were often politically alligned to near-fascist views while simultaneously professing to be anarchists. Menachem Begin was born August 16, 1913, and fled his birthplace of Brest-Litovsk, Poland, with his poor Zionist family during World War I, to escape fighting between the German and Russian armies. His early passion for Zionism led him to join first a scout organization, and then the Betar Czechoslovakian youth movement where, by 1936, he was in charge of the organization. Popularly stereotyped as a dim-witted geriatric war-monger with a yearning to press the big red button, Ronald Reagan took control of the White House in 1981. During his presidency, he converted an uneasy defeatist United States from looking down the barrel of expansionist Soviet military superiority into a nation of self-believers that had the brass to stare down the Soviet Union and provoke the demolition of the Berlin Wall. In the 1960s in Palestine, the conflict over the land was in one of its deadliest phases. Wars went back and forth, but the Palestinians went mostly backwards. Terror on the airlines refer to events like the July 22, 1968 airplane hijacking by Arab terrorists. Members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) took control of an El Al flight, holding its passengers hostage and demanding that the plane be redirected to Algiers. 'Ayatollahs in Iran' are men of enormous power and prestige. Since the Islamic Revolution in 1979, the leaders of Iran have been Ayatollahs.