FC: Westward Expansion 1800's
1: This is based on the I.N.S.P.E.C.T. thinking process and the Thinking Like a Historian poster.
2: A big idea in this time period was John O. Sullivan's concept of manifest destiny. He stated that Americans were destined to occupy the whole continent. This idea led to the westward expansion. | Another idea, introduced by President Martin Van Buren, was laissez-faire. This principle said that the government should interfere as little as possible in the nation's economy.
3: Another big idea was that the white people were more entitled to eastern land than the native Indians. This led to the Indian Removal Act.
4: The land was used mostly for farming in the South and in the new Western Territories.
5: In New England, textile mills were built along streams.
6: Meriwether Lewis and William Clark led an expedition to explore the newly acquired Louisiana Purchase and the Missouri River. They recorded geography and animals of the area.
7: Beaver traps looked similar to this one. Once caught, usually in the west, pelts were stretched and then sent off to make beaver hats and other clothes.
8: Tensions were rising between Britain, Spain, and America. | Britain had warships on the Great Lakes, and were disputing the boundary between the Louisiana Purchase and Canada. Spain Controlled West Florida, which the United States considered part of the Louisiana Purchase.
9: Social relations with the Indians were not very positive. The Americans kept insisting that the Indians give up their traditional lands to the white settlers that moved into the area. These small conflicts eventually led to the federal government becoming involved and, later, the Indian Removal Act and the Trail of Tears.
10: President Andrew Jackson helped spread suffrage for white American males. He was also influential in the Indian Removal Act. | Jackson's election in 1828 was very controversial. It introduced mudslinging, slogans. rallies, and buttons, to name a few things. these elements have become a permanent part of today's political campaigns.
11: The Missouri Compromise was a line drawn by Congress. It was a delicate issue because the people of the time had mixed views of slavery and there was a balanced number of free states and slave states. | This was an important political decision of the time.
12: Several things were happening in the economy. The Panic of 1837 caused Congress to form an independent federal treasury in 1840.
13: Farming was also a large part of the economy.Cotton plantations in the South grew to record sizes. Farming also expanded westward with the settlers, most of whom grew their own food. | An Industrial revolution was happening in the New England area during this time. The area's economy grew thanks to the growth of industry. People started making machines to do work for them.
14: Ladies in this time wore dresses everywhere. Men wore formal suits when they were not working.
15: In their free time, people that lived in cities had many options for entertainment | They went to theaters, parties, and dances. Plays and musical presentations were popular also. Many people gambled and watched horse races.
16: The locomotive was an important new piece of technology.
17: The cotton gin allowed plantation owners to harvest more crops faster.
18: Canals were another advancement of the time. They allowed people and goods to move farther from the major waterways.
19: With the canals came the steamboat. These large and noisy barges allowed people to ship goods faster and cheaper. They also were influential in the growth of certain river towns.
20: Many ideas made change happen. They were thought up by many people of many nationalities, but most major events started with an idea. | The past is similar to the present because people are still looking for adventure and they still enjoy having a good time. | People in this time period needed to know how to work. Hard work was a valued trait in a person during that time.
21: One decision that had a huge lasting effect was the Indian Removal Act and the Trail of Tears. I don't know if the white people of the time knew it , but this little act was going to have a huge effect on the Indian's lives. | I think that Americans as a whole have benefited from the changes because if things hadn't changed., think about where we would be as a society today. Way behind.
22: In Conclusion, much change happened during this time period. America expanded its borders and became more advanced through the industrial revolution in the New england area. This was a time of westward expansion, hopes, dreams, cowboys, and Indians.
23: Works Cited | New York, NY: Glencoe McGraw Hill, 2005. 304-380. Print. History Central. History Central, n.d. Web. 27 Apr 2010.