FC: westward expansion
1: Inventions such as the Spinning Jenny and the water frame, which wore thread into cloth, made it possible to perform many steps in making cloth by machine, saving time and money.
2: In 1793 Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin, a machine that took the seeds from the cotton fiber.
3: British inventors created machinery to | make some of the work involved | with cloth making, such as spinning. | Machines the British had ran on water power.
4: Eli Whitney started the use of interchangeable parts. Interchangeable parts are identical machine parts that could be quickly put together to make a complete project.
5: In 1814 Francis Cabot Lowell opened a textile plant in Waltham, Massachusetts.
6: The economic system of the U.S. that allows competition to flourish with a minimum of government interference is called capitalism.
7: During the colonial era, workers were in short supply. But people ended up leaving their homes and farms to work in the mills and earn wages.
8: In Free Enterprise, people are free to buy, sell, and produce whatever they want. Elements of free enterprise are, competition, profit, private property and economic freedom.
9: The Industrial Revolution first started appearing in New England, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont, and New Hampshire.
10: People would leave Britian and go to America to share what machines had been made.
12: In the Northeast, farms were small, and the produce was usually marketed locally.
13: In the South, cotton production increased. when the textile industries developed, the demand for cotton increased dramatically.
14: Southern farmers seeking new land moved west to plant cotton.
15: The charter of the First Bank of the United States had expired in 1811. In 1816 Congress chartered the Second Bank of the united States, also chartered for 20 years.
16: Most new industries were financed by small investors, including merchants, shopkeepers, and farmers.
17: The axe is a combination axe, wedge, and sledgehammer.
18: From 1816 to 1824, the United States had only one political party, the Jeffersonian Republicans.
19: In Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida lived the "Five Civilized Tribes"- the Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw.
20: The South was angry about the tariff. They tried to stop it but it didn't work since the rest of the nation was going along with it.
21: Andrew Jackson wanted the land the Southern Native Americans had. So Congress passed the Indian Removal Act.
22: In 1824, James Monroe was finishing his second term as president but declined to run for a third term.
23: The Republican Party nominated William H. Crawford, a former Congressman from Georgia. However, his poor health weakened him as a candidate.
24: The other three candidates were favorite son in the Republican presidential race. Two of these candidates were Andrew Jackson and Henry Clay.
25: Andrew Jackson was a war hero who was raised in poverty, he claimed to speak for the Americans who had been left out of politics.
26: Henry Clay fought for his program of internal improvements, high tariffs, and a stronger national bank.
27: John Quincy Adams of Massachusetts, son of former president John Adams, received support from merchants of the Northeast.
28: In the election Jackson received the largest number of popular votes. He won 99 electoral votes, which gave him a pluarlity.
29: Well during the election, Clay and Adams teamed up and beat Jackson in the election. With Adams a president and Clay as Secretary of State.
30: In the election of 1828, Jackson received most of the votes cast by the voters of the new frontier states. Jackson won the election in a landslide, an overwhelming victory.
31: On march 4, 1829, thousands of farmers, labors, and other ordinary Americans crowded into the nation's capital to hear Jackson's Inaugural Address. The ordinary people all went to the White House after Jackson's speech to shake the hand of the general who seemed just like them.
32: Cause and Effect Some of the causes of past events include hoe Jackson wanted more of the land so he created the Indian Removal Act. | Change and Continuity Things that have changed is that you cant exactly force someone from land that they own unless they have done something wrong.
33: Using the Past We can learn from these previous events that politics were handled differently and so were the choices made by the government. | Through Their Eyes The Native Americans viewed their world as something that couldn't be boughten. but they realized that they didn't have much control. | Turning Points The decisions that the government made for the nation changed peoples life. When the tariff went into affect, people had to change their ways to get the goods they needed.