FC: Wetlands Sara Nall November 7 2011 Jay M. Robinson High School EES- Mrs. Knight
1: Wetlands are areas that are saturated during all or most of the year and supports very specific plant and animal life. some common names of wetlands are swamps, marshes, bogs, and fens. Wetlands are covered in water so the plants and animals must learn to adapt to the wet conditions. to be a wetland it must have three characteristics, vegetation, soil, and water. | ABOUT WETLANDS
2: Types Of Wetlands | Marshes are frequently covered with water and have soft stemmed plants that are adapted to saturated soil conditions. Marshes are the most productive ecosystems on Earth. Bogs are formed by floodwater, when its dry they have verry shallow water. Swamps are saturated during growing seasons and standing water in certain times in the year.
3: Types Of Wetlands | Fens are normally formed by groundwater and have high nutrient levels. Some examples of marshes in the United States would be Bottomland, Hardwood, Rocky Mountain Wetland, and Forested Wetland.
4: Plants And Animals | There are many plants and animals in wetlands. Some of the organisms found in a marsh are Common Cattail, Muscrat, Mink, Pickerelweed, and Great Egrets. Some plants an animals that live in swamps are Skunk Cabbage, Prothonotary Warblers, and Button Bushes. Some examples of life in bogs are Mud Salamanders, Northern Pitcher Plants, Sweet Bay Zenobia, and the Sweet Pitcher Plant. Life in the fens include Lady Slippers.
5: Wetlands protect and improve water quality.