BC: By: Daniela Solorzano(:
FC: Wetlands | Daniela Solorzano
1: Daniela Solorzano November 7, 2011 Jay M.Robinson EES/Mrs.Knight
2: Wetlands are are an area of land that has been overflowed with water so the water sits on top. Wetlands support plant life and animal life. Some common names for wetlands are Marshes, Swamps, Bogs, and Fens.
3: Bogs: Northern and Pocosins 1.) what are the physical characteristics of wetlands.? 2.) How do wetlands form.? 3.) What plants and animlas live in the wetlands,? | 1.) -Northern bogs: often form in old glacial lakes -Pocosins: are densely vegetated with trees and shrubs 2.) Northern bogs include sphagnum Moss, Cotton Grass, Cranberry, Blueberry, Pine, Labrador Tea, and Tamarack. Moose, deer, and lynx are some animals there. Pocosins are found in North Carolina. 3.). The Northern Pitcher Plant is the main plant in the Northern bog. In Pocosin Bogs area is densely populated with shrubs and trees; many bears live here.
4: Non-Tidal and Tidal Marsh 1.) what are the physical characteristics of wetlands.? 2.) How do wetlands form.? 3.) What plants and animlas live in the wetlands,?
5: 1.)The physical characteristics of a Tidal Marsh are that they have really mushy soil, and if you were to step on it you would crush or sink in the soil. Non-Tidal Marsh they include mineral rich soils, highly organic, soils of sand, silt, and clay. 2.) Tidal Marshes form by continually overflowing with waters which provide nutrients for the plants and animals. Non- Tidal Marshes form along streams in poorly drained depressions, and in the shallow water along the boundaries of lakes, ponds, and rivers 3.) The plants and animals that live in Non-Tidal Marshes are muskrat and the plant is pickerelweed. Tidal Marsh animals and plants include Clapper Rail and plants are Cattails.
6: Fens 1.) what are the physical characteristics of wetlands.? 2.) How do wetlands form.? 3.) What plants and animlas live in the wetlands.?
7: 1.). Fens are covered by grasses, sedges, rushes, and wildflowers. 2.) Fens are formed upslope sources through drainage form surrounding mineral soils form underground water 3.)The plants of a Fen are grasses, sedges, rushes, and wildflowers and
8: Swamps: Forested,Shrubs, Bottomland, and Mangrove. 1.) what are the physical characteristics of wetlands.? 2.) How do wetlands form.? 3.) What plants and animals live in the wetlands.?
9: 1.) Forested swamps include shallow waters, crucial to survive, and they are slow moving. Bottomland hardwoods are made up of Gum, and Oak, and Bald Cypress. Shrub swamps are found along rivers that have little rain a year. Mangrove swamps include mangrove trees shrubs and other plants growing in the brackish water. 2.) Forested Swamps are found all over the country, they are many of them that are overflowed by nearby rivers and streams. Bottomland Hardwoods are found along rivers and streams. They are found in that has seasonally flood covered with water some of that year. 3.) Shrubs and saplings are the plants that are in Forested Swamps. In the Bottomland Hardwood swamps there are plants like Swamp Chestnut Oak and Water Tupelo; animals include The Pileated Woodpecker. In the Shrub Swamp the only type of plant there is a Button bush. Mangrove trees are the main plant in the Mangrove swamp; the animal that lives here is the Snowy Egret.
10: WETLANDS | Wetlands are important because they are like sponges; they take in the extra water and use it to make the habitat better. If the wetlands disappear then they cannot serve their original purpose. The three activities human that are destroying wetlands are pollution, construction, and humans trying to control movement of the water the wetland uses.
11: ARE IMPORTANT | The Wetlands are disappearing due to humans wanting the land and they are also disappearing because of pollution. Things that can be done to stop the disappearance of these wetlands are not to liter, stop draining the land, and also trying to control where the water flows