S: World War II
1: Why the United States Got Involved. Most people in the United States initially did not want to get involved in World War II but several factors pushed the country into the war. First, most Americans were sympathetic to the British cause. We had much in common with them such as language and literature. Most Americans also did not trust Kaiser Wilhelm, who was an autocratic ruler. The issues that really pushed America into the war included German submarine warfare. After the Germans sunk the Lusitania, a British passenger ship including 128 Americans, the United States expressed its outrage. Although the Germans promised in the Sussex Pledge in 1916 to at least warn ships before shooting at them, they did not keep their end of the bargain and no ships were safe in the Atlantic. A second reason was the Russian Revolution which allowed Americans to be more comfortable about a war alliance that included Russia. Most Americans had abhorred the autocratic Russian State and did not want to work in an alliance with them. A final reason America entered the war was the publication of the Zimmerman letter which proved that Germany was taking a strategic interest in attacking with the United States. It did not matter that Mexico was too torn by internal strife to be interested in Germany's offer, it only mattered that the Germans were interested. In April of 1917, the United States officially declared war on Germany.
2: America entered the war in 1917 because at first, they had an official position of neutrality. They were not determined to fight. So, they entered the war about a year after it had originally started.
3: How Did WWII Start? WWII was started in the break way republic of Serbia. The Austrian-Hungarian Empire believed that the Slavic ethnic group in its territories and in the break way republic of Serbia were inferior. Archduke Ferdinand goes down there and gets assassinated by Serbian Nationalists. Austria-Hungary basically demands Serbia to come to heel or it will invade them. Russia being the ally to all the Slavic people comes to Serbia's aid. The problem is Germany gave the Austrians the blessing to send the ultimatum. Now they see Russia mobilizing its men, so Germany mobilizes; knowing that France will have to Russia's aid under the terms of a pre-existing alliance. The plan is to knock France out first, then move East and assist Austria-Hungary fighting the Russians. France watching the Germans calling up reserves has no choice, but to deploy its forces to defend the homeland.
4: The Countries Involved Central Powers Germany Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Allies and associated powers Serbia Russia France Britain Belgium Romania US The British Commonwealth countries: Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, India, etc. Italy
5: Weapons Used In War The weapons used were Mustard Gas, Machine Guns, Aircraft Ships, Rifles, Tanks, Grenades, and Artillery.
7: Rosie the Riveter is a cultural icon of the United States, representing the American women who worked in factories during World War II. Many of whom worked in the manufacturing plants that produced munitions and war supplies. These women sometimes took entirely new jobs replacing the male workers who were in the military. The character is considered a feminist icon in the US.
9: How The War Ended The Great Depression Although the 1920s appeared on the surface to be a prosperous time, income was unevenly distributed. The wealthy made large profits, but more and more Americans spent more than they earned, and farmers faced low prices and heavy debt. The lingering effects of World War I caused economic problems in many countries, as Europe struggled to pay war debts and reparations. These problems contributed to the crisis that began the Great Depression: the disastrous U.S. stock market crash of 1929 , which ruined thousands of investors and destroyed confidence in the economy. Continuing throughout the 1930s, the depression ended in the United States only when massive spending for WWII began. The depression produced lasting effects on the United States that are still apparent more than half a century after it ended. It led to the election of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who created the programs known as the New Deal to overcome the effects of the Great Depression. These programs expanded government intervention into new areas of social and economic concerns and created social-assistance measures on the national level. The Great Depression fundamentally changed the relationship between the government and the people, who came to expect and accept a larger federal role in their lives and the economy.