FC: World War I Causes
1: Table Of Contents | How it started------Pgs 1-3 | Major Causes--------Pgs 4-6 | Ilustrations------- Pgs 7-9
4: Militarisum | Militarism means that the army and military forces are given a high profile by the government. The armies of both France and Germany had more than doubled between 1870 and 1914 and there was a fierce competition between Britain and Germany for mastery of the seas. The British had introduced the 'Dreadnought', an effective battleship, in 1906. The Germans soon followed suit introducing their own battleships. The German, Von Schrieffer also drew up a plan of action that involved attacking France through Belgium if Russia made an attack on Germany.
5: Alliance | An Alliance is an agreement made between two or more countries to give each other help if it is needed. When an alliance is signed, those countries become known as Allies. A lot of alliances had been formed by countries between the years 1879 and 1914. These were important because they meant that some countries had no option but to declare war if one of their allies does. The alliance between Austria- Hungary and Germany came to be known as the central powers. Bulgaria and the ottoman empire later sided with the central powers, and France, Russia and Britain were known as the allied powers. Italy joined them in 1915
6: Alliances formed during WW1 | In 1878 The Dual Alliance was established, Germany and Austria-Hungary made an alliance to protect themselves from Russia. In 1881 the Austria-Serbian Alliance was established, Austria-Hungary made an alliance with Serbia to stop Russia gaining control of Serbia. In 1882 The Triple Alliance was established, Germany and Austria- Hungary made an alliance with Italy to stop Italy from taking sides with Russia. In 1894 The Franco-Russian Alliance was established, Russia formed an alliance with France to protect herself against Germany and Austria-Hungary. In 1904 The Entente Cordiale was established, This was an agreement, but not a formal alliance, between France and Britain. I
7: n 1907 The Anglo-Russian Entente was established, This was an agreement between Britain and Russia. In 1907 The Triple Entente was established, This was made between Russia, France and Britain to counter the increasing threat from Germany.In 1914 The Triple Entente (no separate peace) was established, Britain, Russia and France agreed not to sign for peace separately.
8: Imperialism | Imperialism is when a country takes over new land, or countries and make them work for them. By 1900 the empire extended over five continents and France had control of large areas of Africa, with the rise of industrialism countries needed new markets. The amount of land areas owned by Britain and France increased the rivalry with Germany who was trying to acquire colonies, they only had small areas of Africa.
9: Nationalism | Nationalism means being a strong supporter of the rights and interests of one’s country. The congress of Vienna, which was held after napoleon’s exile to Elba , concentrated on sorting the problems in Europe. Delegates from Britain, Austria, Prussia, and Russia , quote the winning allies, decided upon a new Europe that left both Germany and Italy as divided states. Strong nationalist elements led to the re-unification of Italy in 1871. The settlement at the end of the Franco Prussian war left France angry at the loss of Alsace-Lorraine to Germany and keen to regain their lost territory. Large areas of both Austria-Hungary and Serbia were home to divers nationalist groups, all of who wanted freedom from the states in which they lived.