FC: By: Paola Quintanilla
1: Table of Contents
2: During the 1800s, France and England competed for territory in the South East. France eventually controlled Indochina. During WWII Germany controlled France, so Germany let Japan, their allies, station themselves at Indochina. This gave the Vietnamese people confidence to resist against French power. | French
3: Diem Bien Phu | The French were finally defeated in 1954 at the battle of Dien Bien Phu. France, Great Britain, Soviet Union, United States and China met in Geneva Switzerland to resolve the war in Indochina. France agreed to leave Vietnam in a document known as the Geneva Accords. This led to Vietnam being divided: North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
4: Ho Chi Minh was the communist leader of North Vietnam and Ngo Dinh Diem, a non-communist, became the leader of South Vietnam. Even though Ngo Dinh Diem was unpopular in Vietnam, U.S supported him since he was a non-communist. | Ngo Dinh Diem
5: Ho Chi Minh, a communist, led a nationalist group called the Vietnam Independence League, also known as Viet Minh to overthrow the French rule in Vietnam. His idealogy became very popular in North Vietnam and later declared Vietnam's independence. This caused war to break out between France and Vietnam. | Ho Chi Minh
6: U.S. President, Eisenhower, had a Domino Theory where he believed if one nation falls to communism, all the countries around it would fall to communism. Just how the Soviet Union was communist, China became communist, Then North Korea and now North Vietnam. U.S. strong belief that communist should be contained led them to take sides with South Vietnam.
7: In 1963, President John F. Kennedy sent 16,000 troops to train the South Vietnamese. U.S saw that Ngo Dinh Diem was a problem and assassinated him. Three weeks later John F. Kennedy was assassinated as well. So Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson took Kennedy's place.
8: In 1964, SS Maddox attacked North Vietnam at the Gulf of Tonkins. They claimed that North Vietnam had fired first. This results in Johnson claiming War on North Vietnam.