S: The History of Slaves and the Founding of Buxton
FC: The History of Slaves and The Founding of Buxton
1: In America, during the 1800s, Africans were being abducted from their home and were forced to be slaves on plantations. | Slavery would split families apart and ruin the lives of innocent people. | The North favored the freedom of slaves and equal rights to all men. The South, however, depended on the slaves for their economy and were reluctant to let them go. | The slaves who sought after the hospitality of the North, ran away from their plantations.
2: Then came the underground railroad.... | The underground railroad was a system of abolitionist, (people who appose slavery), in a chain of houses leading to the North where the escaped slaves could seek refuge until they reached the north.
3: However, sometimes the slaves were captured and brought back to their masters plantations and punished. | Nonetheless, the chances of getting caught did not stop the hope of the African slaves. They still wanted their shot at freedom.
4: The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 | The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 made the escape of slaves extremely hard. It was when the north wanted to add California as a free state and all of the other states around it will use free sovereignty. This angered the South, so they passed a law that stated that any slave owner could go up to the North and take back their slave. It also said that anybody that helped the slaves would have committed a crime.
5: This was a sign that was in Boston to warn the Africans about the Fugitive Slave Law
6: The Founding of Buxton | Buxton was founded in 1849 by the abolitionist William King. It was built in Canada between Lake Erie and the Great Western Railway, and consisted of nine thousand acres of land. It was created to help slaves that were trying to escape the south. They had to make it all the way to Buxton to escape the Fugitive Slave Law. There they would be free.
7: Living in Buxton | Each house had to be at least 24'x18'x12' with a porch, flower garden, and a picket fence in the front. They had to be 11 yards away from the road and a prize was awarded to the most attractive home. | Land in Buxton cost $2.50 per acre, and you had to buy your own land and own it for 10 years before you could buy it. | Alcohol was outlawed and land could only be purchased by African Americans.