S: HOME FRONT: 1918
FC: HOMEFRONT: 1918
1: Dear Marlene, Thank you so much for writing to me and letting me know that everything is okay. I'm glad you and the rest of the family is safe. Everything here is very overwhelming, You dad contacts me everyday that he is out at battle. He tells me how emotionally drained he is from seeing close friends dieing and not being able to be with you guys. No one here is in too bad of shape. We have been bombarded twice in about 2 days. You father mentioned a new weapon he got to try for the first time. He said they call it a tank, it began as a solution to the stalemate which trench warfare had brought to the western front.We are thankful we still have him. Hope your are doing well. All the love in the world, Grandma | 92347 EUR | Bachman | NW
2: FOOD ADMINISTRATION
3: When the United States entered the War, President Wilson appointed Herbert Hoover to the post of United States Food Administrator. Food had become a weapon in World War I and no country produced more food than we did. Herbert Hoover succeeded in cutting consumption of foods needed overseas and avoided rationing here at home, yet kept the Allies fed. We had to produce the food needed by the new large army we were building as well as for Allied armies and civilians. Hoover designed a voluntary program. He called it food conservation, but many of us took to calling it "Hooverizing." Various promotions were devised, such as wheatless Wednesdays and meatless Mondays. Hoover was convinced that Americans would cooperate voluntarily to support the boys overseas. He did not want a mandatory program and Government regulated rationing. The idea was that we, the civilians, would have to modify their eating habits voluntarily so that more food was available for shipment overseas.
4: Not only did my mother and I have to work in factories supporting the military aboard and the home front, but higher class women,who didn't need to work for money to support a home, organized a group that not only cared for wounded soldiers but also ones infected by the 1918 Influenza Pandemic.
5: Many women around me were apart of the Red Cross and helped make things for the soldiers in need. many housewives had to conserve food to send it over seas to the army men.
8: PERSONAL SACRIFICES
9: -American Federation of Labor (AFL) gave us, the workers, the right to organize, or create unions if they promised no strikes and an 8 hour day. -President Wilson asked for everyone to voluntarily agree for certain days of the week called "meatless and wheatless days" where we couldn't eat meat one day of the weak and another day we couldn't eat wheat, and things like that so we could save food for those fighting the war. -World War I was the first time large number of women worked in the factories. -The Sedition Act came about, which said that it was illegal for civilians, like me, to speak bad against the war. -The Great Migration happened, which was when many blacks started going North.
10: African American's | The Great Migration: The blacks started to migrate north.
11: My mom was telling me about The Great Migration. I had no idea what it was, or could have been. so one day i asked her to explain it to me. She told me it was when 6 million blacks migrated out of the Southern United States to the Northeast, Midwest, and West from 1910 to 1930.
12: War Production: The war grew as it went on. Technology experienced a ton over the period of the war.
13: Weapons for the war increased. They had machine guns, poisonous gas, tanks, airplanes & bombs, and torpedoes.
14: Propaganda was used in World War One as in any war. And the truth suffered. We, the people, only got to know or understand what our government wanted us to know. In World War One, the lengths to which governments would go to in an effort to blacken the enemy’s name reached a new level. To ensure that we all thought in the way the government wanted, all forms of information were controlled. Newspapers were expected to print what the government wanted the reader to read. In fact, though this would appear to be a form of censorship, the newspapers of Britain, effectively controlled by the media barons of the time, were happy to play ball. They printed headlines that were designed to stir up emotions regardless of whether they were accurate or not.
15: Propaganda | Our Government used propaganda mostly against the Germans. the Germans betrayed the US. So the US punished them in words. We changed all of our German products names. Ex- sour crout was turned to liberty cabbage.
16: Flu Epidemic: | i heard my mother talking about people dieing, i asked her if daddy was okay. she told me that he was fine. its not people dieing from the war. it was people dieing from the flu. she told me the flu had killed more people then the war had.
17: It Emerged in two phases. In late spring of 1918, the first phase, known as the "three-day fever," appeared without warning. Few deaths were reported. Victims recovered after a few days. When the disease surfaced again that fall, it was far more severe. Scientists, doctors, and health officials could not identify this disease which was striking so fast and so viciously, eluding treatment and defying control. Some victims died within hours of their first symptoms. Others succumbed after a few days; their lungs filled with fluid and they suffocated to death.
18: financing the war | To Finance World War One, the War Chest and the purchases of Liberty Bonds, was promoted. I put a paper in the window of our home to show that we had contributed to the Liberty Bond Drive. Payroll deduction was one way that we could contribute to the War Chest.
20: liberty bonds | Liberty bonds help the soldiers get food, clothes, paper and pens, etc.