FC: Jenkins Family History | The Ancestry and Descendants of Michael Oliver Jenkins
1: Olivia Joyce Jenkins was my grandmother. She was the mother of my father Alvin Ray Woolsey. I have been researching the ancestry of my grandmother for many years. I have had the privilege of exchanging information with many cousins, some of whom have contributed to this book with photos and documents: Evelynn Kelly, Betty Ann, Sue and Kat Phillips. I owe you ladies a big thank you for making the research I have done more real with photos and stories I would have never had with out you. Also Sharon Jenkins the daughter of my great Uncle Jim Jenkins shared many photos with me. Thanks you! Written by: Amy Woolsey Crooks Published: 2013 | Olivia Joyce Jenkins | John Hugh Jenkins | John Stephen Jenkins | Michael Oliver Jenkins | Mary Ann Freshour | Oliver Swofford | Leota Morton | Photo on the cover: MO and Mary Ann Jenkins. Her hair style and clothing are indicative of the 1860's. This photo was likely taken in the late 1860's. It shows how hard life was when one considers she was likely in her late 40's to early 50's in this photo. When one looks at their hands it becomes apparent that life was not easy for them. It was my desire to learn more about this larger than life man, MO Jenkins, who came from prominent roots in Lincoln County, NC to persevere over the wild frontier of Erath County, TX. He still is a man of mystery to me. We may never know the whole story of his birth and true lineage, but this book will put the puzzle pieces together that give us a partial picture.
2: It is because of Olivia Joyce Jenkins Woolsey that I have the unquenchable desire to know my family history. She once told me, when I was a young girl, that her family was some how related to Daniel Boone. I still have never found that connection, but I do hear it does exist. She said the families book, that she had once seen, was burned in a fire. Now I can only hope to find it all again and recreate it. Olivia Joyce Jenkins was born 23 November 1922 in Maysville, Garvin Co., OK. She was born to John Hugh Jenkins and Leota J Morton. Olivia married Albert Lee Woolsey. To date I have been unable to find a date. They were most likely married in Garvin Co., OK. They had ten children; Anthony, Gerald Wayne, Jerry, Jimmy, John, Kathy, Karen, Mary Leota and Marcella. Mary and Marcella died as infants, but Olivia raised the others to adulthood.
3: Left: Obit of Olivia Jenkins in the Modesto Beee. Top: Mary Ellen Roe (mother of Marilyn), Marilyn (Roe) Woolsey, Alvin Woolsey Sr., Front: Alvin Woolsey Jt. Amy, Olivia (Jenkins) Woolsey, Albert Woolsey Below: The Woolsey Clan: Back L-R Diane, Janet, behind her is Diane's son, Amy, Alvin Jr,, Jerry Jr, Alvin Sr, Front L-R: children of Janet, Diane and Jerry Jr., Jerry Sr, Jimmy, Kathy.
4: Top: Olivia and Jim. Top Right: Beeson and Viola with girls Debra, Leslie & Paula. Right: Olivia and Reginald
5: There were four children of John and Leota Jenkins: Olivia Joyce Jenkins 1922-2004 Ralph Reginald Jenkins 1924-2000 (with wife, Arlene, above) Herman Rudolph "Jim" Jenkins 1927-2010 (top right) Beason Morton Jenkins 1932-1984 (Below) | All four children of John and Leota
6: John Hugh Jenkins son of John Stephens Jenkins and Olive Swoford was born on 6 Nov 1899 in Carter, Oklahoma. He married Leota J Morton on 21 Jan 1920. She was born the daughter of James Robert Jefferson Morton and Flora Idela Beeson on 4 Sept 1894 in Oklahoma. | R: Leota, Beason, Olivia & Albert Woolsey L: Leota and John | R: John and granddaughter Sharron. L: Leota and John on porch with Sharon. | Me with my great grandpa John Jenkins. I was about three there. This photo was likely taken in 1977.
7: John was known as Hubert by his family. He and Leota moved to Oakdale, California. Leota died in Modesto, Stanislaus California on 13 Mar 1974. They are buried at the Oakdale Citizens Cemetery in Oakdale, CA | I didn't know this until I began to do the research, but Leota died just four days before I was born. She was followed in death four years later by Hubert on 19 May 1978 in Stanislaus, California. | Top and mid photos: John and Leota. Mid R: John, Mid L: Leota. Bottom: John with granchildren Sharon & Regina.
9: Our Ancestors | Jenkins Family Reunion in Oakdale, CA. Early 1950's Left to Right: Cordie, Newt, Ethel, Paul, Hubert (John), Edith, Alice, Jay and Judd Hubert and Leota moved to California from Oklahoma. Albert and Olivia Woolsey would move to CA to join her family in the early 60's; first to Oakdale, then Empire, Riverbank and last to Modesto. My father ended up being my mother's neighbor, which is how they got to know each other. | Right: John Stephens Jenkins and family. Back row L-R Mary Jane, Edith Price, Lula Ethel, John Hugh, John Stephens, & Paul Kruger. Front row L-R Troy McWhirter, Ida Alice, Marion McWhirter (hat), Olive McWhirter, Virgie Lee, Annie Mildred McWirter (on Virgie's lap), Ira, Maude Carter, Ruth Avena (in Maude's lap), Florence Loren, Olive, Clarence Newton (in Olive's lap)
10: John's signature on his WWI Draft Registration This record states that John Hugh Jenkins was born on 6 Nov 1899. At the time of the registration he was living in Maysville, Garvin Co., OK. He listed his mother J. S. Jenkins as nearest relative also of Maysville. | John Stephens Jenkins son of Michael Oliver Jenkins and Mary Ann Freshour was born on 22 Nov 1853 in Greene Tennessee.. He married Olive Swoford the daughter of Jonas Swoford and Lucy Jane Elkins. She was born 16 Dec 1864 in Texas. John Stephens Jenkins died 27 Jan 1916 in Maysville, Garvin Co., Oklahoma. Olive died 10 Jan 1943. Both were buried at the Maysville Memorial Cemetery in Maysville, Oklahoma. They had fourteen children, twelve living to adulthood: 1. Virgie L Jenkins born 15 May 1883 in Erath, TX. She married John F McWhirter. 2. Chester Ray Jenkins born 1 Dec 1884 in Erath, TX and died 31 May 1886. 3. Ira Beck Jenkins born 1 Mar 1886 in TX. He married Maud L. 4. Michael Jonas "Jay" Jenkins born 4 Feb 1890 in TX. He married Nancy. 5. Edith Price Jenkins born 22 Oct 1894 in TX and died Nov 1984 in Modesto, CA 6. John Hugh Jenkins (see Generation 2) 7. Ernest Judson Jenkins born 28 Jan 1888 in Erath, TX. He married Bertie Patterson and died 7 Dec 1983. 8. Mary Jane Jenkins born 27 Nov 1893 in Erath TX and died 1966 9. Paul Kruger Jenkins born 16 May 1901 in Garvin County, OK and died 4 Dec 1959 10. Lula Ethel Jenkins born 17 Dec 1902 in OK and died 15 Apr 1998 11. Florance L Jenkins born about 1906 12. Clarence Newton Jenkins born 17 Aug 1907 in Maysville, Garvin, Oklahoma and died 7 Dec 1955 13. Olive Cordelia Jenkins born about 1909 in Garvin, OK and died May 1978 14. Ida Alice born 24 Oct 1891, Gordon, Palo Pinto, TX and died 1 June 1977, Oakdale, Stanislaus, CA. She married 22 Aug 1913 Lee Ander Ward in Oaklahoma.
11: In 1900 John S Jenkins and his family are living in Indian Territory, Chickasaw Nation, Township 4, South Range 3 East. John S Jenkins and Olive have been married 16 years. She gave birth to 8 children born, 7 living: Ira B (14), Judson (12), Michael (10), Alice (8), Jennie (6), Edith (5) and Hubert (1). All children except Hubert were born in TX. Hubert was born in Indian Territory. It would appear that the family moved from TX to Indian Territory late 1894 to late 1898 as Hubert was born Jan 1899. 1910 John and the family are in Maysville, Garvin Co. John S Jenkins is age 56. He and Olive have been married 27 years. She is 46 years old and had given birth to 13 children, 12 still living. Their children are Michal J (20), Ida A (18), Mary J (16), Edith T (15), John H (10), Paul K (8), Lula A (7), Florence L (4) and Clarence N (2). Garvin County is within the original territory that was previously known as Chickasaw Nation, OK. It's very likely, though not prove, that John and the family are in the same location by 1910 as they were in 1900. They would have seen their Territory change from and Indian Nation to a county with cities. It would have been a time of change in their neck of the woods. In 1920 Olive is still living in Maysville, Garvin Co., OK. Olive Jenkins is 55 years old. She has four daughters at home: Mary J, Lula E, Florence and Olive C. and three sons: John H, Paul K and Clarence N. According to John Stephens Jenkins memorial page on Find-A-Grave he died 27 Jan 1916. This would explain his absence in the 1920 census and Olive as the head of house. | John Stephen Jenkin's family. John Hugh is the third from the left.
13: Top and Left photos are of Olive Swofford Jenkins. Bottom Right: John Stephen Jenkins
14: When you look at your life, the greatest happinesses are family happinesses. ~Joyce Brothers | Michael Oliver Jenkins and Mary Jenkins are buried together at the Hannibal Cemetery in Erath Co. TX. The first photo shows Mary's original stone. Today it is broken, but remains propped up against the base. It was very elegant. Then later another headstone made of marble was placed for both of them. The next page contains the headstones of two of their children; Joseph Andrew Jenkins and Mollie Jenkins Clark. J.A. is buried beside his parents. In correspondence with a generous lady, Cindy Shipman, a little more was discovered about Mary and M.O. in Texas. Her American History students published a book, "At Rest in Hannibal Cemetery", in which transcriptions of the original documents can be found. The following is a summarization of those records. M.O. Jenkins was a substantial farmer in Barton's Creek. He and Mary were parents of ten children. M.O owned 199 acres in Erath Co., that was valued at $298.50 in 1892 after Mary's death. His land was located on the Hood County School Land Survey. It was reported that after Mary's death the old place lost it's charm. M.O., due to his health, went to stay with family in Clay County. In the 1900 census MO is living in the home of his son William Jenkins in Clay Co., TX
16: Michael Oliver Jenkins was born 10 Apr 1824 in Lincoln, NC. His mother is believed to be Mary Jenkins. His father is still unknown. It is rumored by several that his father was Cherokee Indian. It is also rumored that his mother was raped and MO was the product of the rape. To date no documents have been found to substantiate either of these rumors. He was known as M.O. Jenkins. MO spoke fondly of his Aunt Margaret Froneberger to Jewel Dial when she interviewed him. His Aunt Margaret raised him. M.O. married Mary Ann Freshour on 31 Aug 1848 in Greene, TN. She was the daughter of Joseph Freshour and Catherine Stephens. She was born 4 Apr 1831 in Greene, TN. Mary died 5 May 1892 in Erath TX. M.O. died 24 Jan 1905. He was laid to rest beside Mary at the Hannibal Cemetery in Erath Co., TX. They had eleven children: 1. Catherine Barbara Jenkins born 30 Nov 1851 in Greene, TN. She married John Bell Moring 14 Dec 1870 and died 20 Oct 1930 in Erath County, TX. 2. John Stephens Jenkins (see Generation 4) 3. Eliza Ann Jenkins born 17 Sept 1855 in Greene, TN 4. Mary Louisa Jenkins born 25 Aug 1857 in Greene, TN 5. Sarah Caroline Jenkins born 5 Jun 1859 in Greene, TN 6. Missouri Price Jenkins born 25 Dec 1861 in Greene, TN. She married Samuel M Dial. 7. William Oliver Jenkins born 31 Aug 1864 in Greene, TN. He married Josephine. 8. Lavina Elizabeth Jenkins born 24 Apr 1867 in Paris, Lamar, TX 9. Lucinda Josephine Jenkins born 3 Nov 1869 in Paris, Lamar, TX and died 15 Mar 1905. She married Isham Chesely Shelby. 10. Alice Virginia Jenkins born 25 Jun 1872 in Paris, Lamar, TX 11. Joseph Andrew Jenkins 31 Jan 1876 in Greene, TN and died 1 Sept 1894 in Erath, TX. | The first home on MO Jenkins property. (caption on the photo) Likely on his homestead in Erath, TX. Below - William Oliver Jenkins | Catherine (Jenkins) Moring.
19: The previous three scanned pages were provide by Kat Phillips. It was a handwritten Death Notice provided to her by her "Great Uncle James D. Moring (son of Perry Moring, son of Joseph Donald Moring, son of John Bell Moring, husband to Catherine Barbara Jenkins)". She was unsure who wrote the note but assumed it was Catherine since it was in their family. Here is her transcription of the documents: ----page 1 ---- M. O. Jenkins was born in North Carolina in 1824. Moved to Texas and was married to Miss Mary Freshour in 1848. To this union was born 13 children, 3 boys and 10 girls, 6 of whom are living. Father and Mother moved from Tenn to Lamar Co. Texas in 1866 and to the Hannibal Community in 1873 where we spent many happy days They were kind [and] loving parents, were devoted Christians, member of the Mis [Missionary] Baptist Church, and were in the organization of the church at this place 35 years ago. Mother died in 1892 and was buried at this place near her daughter Mrs. Mollie Clark who died 1889. Father died in 1905 in the state of Okla and was brought back and buried at Hannibal. ----page 2 ----- by the side of Mother and son Drew who died in 1894. We thank God for their lives and labours, but after all we cannot understand it all Though we do not know that while God blesses his workmen he carries on his work, and some sweet day we may see the jeweled hands of loved ones gone before beckoning us to bright manions around. Tho sweet fragrance of their Christ-like life will linger through coming years. There were no fears, no doubts when they came to cross the Jordan and bearing evidence of their readiness, passed away in the blessed hope of joy and peace with Jesus, and loved ones in that sweet by and by. ----page 3---- May the God of all Grace and comfort keep us who are left behind and at last bring us to the Saints everlasting rest in Heaven. Unfortunately there is no date on this record and the writer is unknown, though suspected to be Catherine. The only thing we can conclude is that it must have been written by one of their children since they do refer to MO and Mary as mother and father. | Michael Oliver Jenkins
20: Mother | Grand Mother | Grand Father | Great Grand Father | Great Grand Father | Great Grand Mother | Great Grand Mother | Elizabeth Hambright | Sarah Hardin | Frederick Hambright | Unknown Jenkins | Joseph Jenkins | Mary | Hugh Jenkins | Michael Oliver Jenkins married Mary Ann Freshour 31 August 1848 in TN. In 1853 Michael was recorded in the will of John Stephens, his wife's uncle. In John's will a fourth of his estate was left to William Freshour. The remaining three quarters was to be divided between Michael and Andrew Freshour, who were both executors of his will. In the 1850 and 1860 census M.O. and Mary Jenkins can be found living in Greene County, TN. By 1860 they had five children: Catherine age 8, John age 7, Ann age 5, Mary age 3 and Sarah age 1. Living next to them are Joseph and Catherine Freshour, parents of Mary, Michael's wife. In 1850 M.O. is recorded as a carpenter, but by 1860 his profession changed to farmer which he was for the rest of his life. MO was a soldier in the Civil War. He served with the Confederates in the Neal Scouts. His land was taken from him in the war. After the war, in 1866, M.O. moved his family to Lamar County, TX, where they could still be found in the 1870 census. By 1880 M.O. and the family had moved to Erath County, TX. Mary died in Erath in 1892 and was laid to rest at the Hannibal Cemetery. M.O. died in 1905 in Oklahoma while living with family and was laid to rest beside Mary in Hannibal Cemetery.
21: Lincoln County, NC Jenkins We may never know for certain who gave birth to Micheal Oliver Jenkins. No mater what branch of the family you are from one element is always in the story, that MO was an illegitimate child and that one of the parents were Cherokee. Whether he was a product of rape or of two people who loved each other, whose union society of the time would not except, we may never know. In one story the Cherokee mother was raped by a white man and MO was taken in and raised by the Jenkins family. In the other the mother was white, believed to be a Jenkins, and was raped by a Cherokee. There is also speculation that the father was a Cherokee who was taken in by the Jenkins family in an apprenticeship, fell in love and had a child with a Jenkins woman. What we do know is what he told Jewel Dial, his granddaughter and daughter of Missouri Price Jenkins, when she interviewed him. A thorough search of Lincoln County, NC records has been done, but to date no record or mention of Micheal Oliver Jenkins can be found, only records related to the people he mentioned as family. According to MO he was raised by his Aunt Peggy Fronberger (maiden name Margaret Jenkins). She was caring for an infant daughter, Barbara, when she took on the care of MO, also an infant. He knew his grandfather to be Joseph Jenkins. He also told Jewel that he was half Cherokee. He was born in April 1824 in Lincoln County, NC. Later he was bonded to Rev. C. E. Clark who destroyed all records of his birth to hide his heritage in order to protect him from being taken to an Indian Reservation. He also worked for Rev. Clark's sister-in-law Lillian Whitlers Clark as a farm hand until he left Lincoln Co. None of this has been proved by records, only by family tradition. What has been discovered is that a Joseph Jenkins of Lincoln County, NC did in fact have a daughter named Margaret Jenkins. She married William Fronberger on 7 March 1820. In the 1830 census they have four girls; one between 10-15, one between 5-10 (likely Barbara who was likely 6-7 years old) and two under five. No boys are listed. Then in 1840 census there is a boy between 20-30 which would fit with MO returning to the home he knew, but then the question begs to be answer why was he not with the Fronbergers in the 1830 census when he would have only been 6-7 years old? There is no record of him ever being bonded to a family as indentured, orphaned, or otherwise. In order to understand possible record locations for the Jenkins family, one must first understand the history of Lincoln County, NC. Lincoln County war formed from Eastern Tryon County in 1779. In 1782 a portion of Southwestern Burke County was added to Lincoln County. in 1841 part of Lincoln County and Rutherford County combined with Cleveland County. In 1842 the northern third of Lincoln became Catawaba County. The last change of this era came in 1846 when the southern half of Lincoln became Gaston. When researching the Jenkins one must keep all of these counties in mind.
22: Joseph Jenkins (1758-1821) There are several wills and probates that put together the Jenkins family history. Joseph Jenkins will was submitted to record July 1821. In it he lists two sons; Hugh and David Jenkins. To Hugh he left his grist mill and the 20 adjoining acres and another ten acres on each side of the creek. This was left to him and "if he has Children born in lawful wedlock." To David he left the plantation he was living on with all the acres he possessed on Long Creek except the acreage left to Hugh. It's interesting that neither of the boys were married at this time, but only to Hugh he expressing that only children born in wedlock could inherit what he left behind. One can only speculate that Hugh had an illegitimate child, but that would not be MO as he was not yet born for three more years. Joseph then made mention that his unmarried daughter should live on the plantation with one fireplace to herself as long as she remained unmarried. His two slaves Andy and Simon were also left to David. To Joseph's six married daughters; Sarah, Susanna, Ann, Betsey, Margaret and Agnes he left the salves that were already in their possession. To Margaret he also left a slave named Fan and to Agnes he left the boy named Cupid. Then for some reason he took extra care of his daughter Mary. Mary may have been the unmarried daughter he spoke of before. To her he left the slave Lears with her two boys George and Bob. He also left her a horse, saddle and bridle, four cows and calves and her bed and other furniture. In 1835 the estate of David Jenkins, Joseph's son, went into probate. He did not leave a will. David left his widow Ann and three known children; Mary, William and Margaret. His widow Ann later remarried Benjamin Cowan. 200 acres was left in the care of their family friend James H White to be given to William and Mary when they came of age. Hugh Jenkins, son of Joseph Jenkins, died in 1835. He wrote his will in Aug 1835 and by Nov 1835 his estate was in probate. From Hugh's will a great deal more is known about the family. Hugh left to his widow Susannah the use of the plantation while still a widow, five of his slaves; Benjamin, Pat, Alice, Hannah and Robert, the household furnishing, horses, cattle, sheep, hogs, wagon and gear. He left one slave, Issac, to his friend James H White and the use of his meadow during Susannah's widowhood. Then the meadow and plantation was to go to David's two youngest children, William and Mary. He also left another slave, Andy, to William. It appears that Hugh and Susannah never had any children. He then provided for $300 to be given to his sister Margaret Fronberger. He last left the rest of his estate to be divided equally between David's children; Margaret, William and Mary. It is unknown why Margaret is the only sister that was provided for, but it may have been for the care of MO. Which also makes one wonder why Joseph referred to what he left to Hugh as for "if he has Children born in lawful wedlock." This could make the story that MO was the son of a Cherokee woman and a white man plausible. Was Hugh that white man? Did he also have another child out of wedlock prior to his father's death and MO's birth? By September 1835 Susannah had remarried to David Friday. It is likely then that Hugh died in Aug 1835 shortly after he wrote his will.
23: In the January 1800 court session the commissioners came together to divide the land left in the will of Hugh Jenkins to his heirs. The tract of land included what was commonly known as the Catawba Springs. The heirs which included; Joseph Jenkins, Samuel Jenkins, Moses Jenkins, Hugh Jenkins and Robert Johnson and wife Susana. They agreed to share the portion of land that contained the springs as it could not be divided fairly. Notice the repeated use of family names. Joseph names two of his children after his siblings Susanna and Hugh. Using the census records we can see a bit more of the family. In 1790 Joseph Jenkins was in Lincoln County, NC. Besides himself there are two males; one under 16 and one over 16. There are also five females and three slaves. In 1790 Joseph can be found in Lincoln County, NC in Eighth Company. In the home is one male over 16 (Joseph) 2 males under 16. The boys are likely David and Hugh. From other records the only daughters born before 1790 were Susanna and Ann, though Mary is unknown. It's uncertain then who all five of the females in the house are. They also have three slaves. In 1800 Joseph Jenkins can be found in the census still living in Lincoln County, NC. He and a woman, likely Elizabeth, are over the ages of 45. There are seven girls in the home, which corresponds to his will in 1821. There are also three boys in the home. There is no way to know for sure if the extra boy was theirs, or a boy that was living with them for some reason. Since there were only two boys in the will, they could have had a deceased child by 1821. In 1810 Joseph Jenkins and family can be found again in Lincoln County, NC. Joseph is over 45. There is a woman in the home over 45, likely Elizabeth. There are three males in the home; one is 10-16, one is 16-26 and one 26-45. There are four females in the home; one under 10, one 10-16 and two 16-26. There are also nine slaves in the home. So again one more boy than we are aware of from his will. In 1820 there were ten Jenkins families recorded on the same page living in the area West of the South Fork of the Catawba River in Lincoln County, NC. This location also fits the older Hugh Jenkins will. It was the land around the Catawaba Springs that was dived and the springs shared by his heirs. Hugh Jenkins was a man over 45. In his household was a woman 26-45, a female under the age of 10, and 7 slaves. This Hugh Jenkins would have been born before 1775. Joseph Jenkins is over the age of 45. In his household is a woman 26-45, a girl under 10, and 8 slaves. Dav (probably David) Jenkins between the age of 26-45. In his household are two boys under 10, three girls under 10, a woman 26-45, and two slaves. James Jenkins age 26-45 with one boy under 10, four girls under 10 and a woman 26-45. Edward Jenkins over age 45 with one boy under 10, two boys 10-16, one girl under 10, one girl 10-16, two girls 16-26 and one woman 26-45. Reuben Jenkins over age 45 with one boy under 10, two boys 10-16, two men 26-45, one female 16-26 and one woman over 45. John Jenkins over age 45 and a woman over 45. John Jenkins Jr over age 45 with two boys under 10, two boys 16-26, one girl under 10, three girls 16-26 and one woman over 45. D Jenkins age 26-45 with a girl under 10 and a woman 16-26. Edward Jenkins over 45 with two boys under 10, one boy 10-16, three boys 16-26, two girls 10-16 and a woman over 45.
24: Lincoln County was formed in 1779 out of Eastern Tryon. In the Tryon County Quarterly Session are many land purchases and transfers involving the Jenkins. A Deed of Sale in April 1774 Session from John Bennet to Joseph Jenkins for 200 Acres. Also in the same session was a Deed of Sale from Garret Wells to Hugh Jenkins made on 24 Mar 1773 for 320 acres and proved by David Jenkins. It's possible this David Jenkins, who was heavily involved in the politics of Tryon County was a brother to the Hugh Jenkins, father of Joseph Jenkins. A Deed of Sale entered into court records in the January 1775 session from Andrew Hampton to Hugh Jenkins for 600 acres made on 6 Jul 1772 and again proved by David Jenkins. Deed of Gift on 2 Jul 1778 from Hugh Jenkins to Joseph Jenkins was made for 200 acres. Between 1774 and 1778 Joseph and Hugh managed to lay claim to 1120 acres of land. The Jenkins were sometime involved in disputes and the court system. In the October term 1778, Ambrose Cobb vs Hugh Jenkins. Claim to 400 acres of Land on both sides of Dutchmans Creek on Caney Branch. 21st July 1778. The verdict was for Hugh Jenkins to have the disputed land. It's clear from the land and slave ownership that the Lincoln County, NC Jenkins were wealthy. | The Hugh and Joseph Jenkins in the 1820 census are likely the two brothers in Hugh Jenkins probate of 1800. It is yet unknown when Joseph's wife Elizabeth passed away, but it's likely she had already passed by the 1820 census as she was not mentioned in Joseph's will and there is not a woman over 45 in the household on the census. Lincoln County was formed in 1779 out of Eastern Tryon. In the Tryon County Quarterly Session are many land purchases and transfers involving the Jenkins. A Deed of Sale in April 1774 Session from John Bennet to Joseph Jenkins for 200 Acres. Also in the same session was a Deed of Sale from Garret Wells to Hugh Jenkins made on 24 Mar 1773 for 320 acres and proved by David Jenkins. It's possible this David Jenkins, who was heavily involved in the politics of Tryon County was a cousin to the Hugh Jenkins, father of Joseph Jenkins. A Deed of Sale entered into court records in the January 1775 session from Andrew Hampton to Hugh Jenkins for 600 acres made on 6 Jul 1772 and again proved by David Jenkins. Deed of Gift on 2 Jul 1778 from Hugh Jenkins to Joseph Jenkins was made for 200 acres. Between 1774 and 1778 Joseph and Hugh managed to lay claim to 1120 acres of land. The Jenkins were sometimes involved in disputes and the court system. In the October term 1778, Ambrose Cobb vs Hugh Jenkins. Claim to 400 acres of Land on both sides of Dutchmans Creek on Caney Branch. 21st July 1778. The verdict was for Hugh Jenkins to have the disputed land. It's clear from the land and slave ownership that the Lincoln County, NC Jenkins were wealthy. Hugh Jenkins (1722-1800) Hugh Jenkins, the father of Joseph Jenkins wrote his will on 10 April 1800 in Rowan County, NC. First he provided for his beloved wife leaving all his possessions to her during her natural life, and after to his son Aaron. Aaron was away from home and Hugh did not know if or when he would return, but if he did Hugh left him 340 acres known as Luckies plantation. To his daughter Ann Cowan wife of William Cowan ten pounds in money, goods or merchandise, as well as his daughter Mary Stuart and her husband Matthew Stuart. Also to Mary he left one lot in the town of Salisbury. To his granddaughters Jane and Polly Cowan daughters of William Cowan he also left one lot in Salisbury. To his sons Joseph, Samuel, Moses and Hugh Jenkins and two daughters Mary Kilpatrick wife of David Kilpatrick and to Susana Johnston wife of Robert Johnston a total of 320 acres adjoining the Springs. To Moses the tract of land he was currently living on which Hugh purchased from Andrew Hampton, and after Moses' death to be divided between his sons Hugh and Stuart Jenkins. To Samuel twenty acres which was part of the plantation that Hugh lived on. Then the twenty acres on which Samuel lived was to be added to one half the plantation commonly known as Houstons Plantation and left to him and his heirs. Hugh also left Samuel two lots in the town of Salidbury. To his daughter Mary Kilpatrick and her husband David Kilpatrick he left the other half of the Houstons Plantation on which she lived. Then to his grandson Jenkins Kilpatrick one lot in Salisbury, and to his granddaughters Mary and Sue Kilpatrick one lot in Salisbury. To his son Hugh he left the plantation on which he lived to him and his heirs, but should he not have heirs upon his death was to be sold and divided amongst the rest. To his granddaughter Polly, the daughter of Hugh Jenkins one lot in Salisbury.
25: To his grandchildren David Jenkins and Ann Robison wife of Hugh Robison one lot in Salisbury and after their death to be divided between David and Richard Robison. Also to David he left 200 acres of land next to the Catawaba Springs. He then left his Negro man to his son Moses. Lastly to his granddaughter Sarah Trott wife of Benjamin Trott all the property of her father, Hugh's son, James Jenkins that he reserved for her and that her husband took possession of. His son Joseph Jenkins and his wife Mary were appointed executors of his will. Signed by himself, Sam M Corkle and Robert Stuart. Between 1762 and 1800 Hugh can be found on tax lists and census records in the County of Rowan, and in 1800 records in the town of Salisbury. It appears that Aaron did return home to Rowan County and likely received his inheritance, though I find no definitive proof to that end. On 7 June 1832 Aaron applied for his pension as a Revolutionary War soldier. In his declaration he states he was born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania in 1762. When he was just a baby his parents move from Lancaster County, PA to Rowan County, NC. He was drafter as a militia soldier in the company of Captain William Bell in Col Francis Lockes Regiment under the command of General Rutherford for three months. Then he was transfered to a Cavalry in the Continental line commanded by Captain Gamble for about six months. He was discharged, returned home and then about 1793 left and joined the regular army for nine years. This would be the time in which his father passed away and did not know if his son would return. Aaron wrote his will 24 June 1822, but if was not submitted to court until the February Session of 1834. He ordered his estate be sold at public auction and the proceeds, after his debts were paid, be divided among Nancy Miller and her faster son John McKinney. They were also to share in his portion of the estate currently in probate of his father's. He was likely referring to the division of the Catawaba Springs which up until that time had been shared by the heirs of Hugh Jenkins as it was decided that the Catawaba Springs could not be divided evenly, but by 1815 the court had been petitioned to divide the land. He left his beloved friend John Fraley as his executor. In January 1815 the 300 acres that Hugh first left to his son Moses was dived between Moses' sons Hugh and Stuart. However, Stewart had passed away before the division of this land, so in January 1815 the court was petitioned to divide the land amongst Hugh and Stewart's descendants; Susanah Jenkins and her husband James McCall, Ann Jenkins and her husband Paul Otter, Betty Jenkins and her husband Ebinezar Rumfatt, Liannah Jenkins and her husband Joseph Campbell, Polly Jenkins and Jane Jenkins. | Signature of Hugh Jenkins 1722-1800 on his Will
26: The Catawaba Springs of Lincoln County, NC as they were laid off amongst the many heirs of Hugh Jenkins of Rowan County, NC.
27: Maps from the probate to divide the land of Hugh and Stewart Jenkins in 1835. Stewart was deceased, so his portion was then divided amongst his children. Notice the line witch notes the Great Road. The Great Wagon Road was a major migration path from Pennsylvania to North Carolina by way of which many of our Irish-Scottish ancestors move south.
28: It is believed that Hugh Jenkins moved south from Pennsylvania, likely Lancaster County, by way of the Great Philadelphia Wagon Road to Rowan County, NC. The Great Wagon Road stretched from Philadelphia on down into Georgia along the Shenandoah Valley. It brought many Scots-Irish immigrants of Protestant religion and well as many German immigrants. It is unclear exactly when Hugh Jenkins moved south, but indications would be that he moved south sometime after 1767. There is no indication that Hugh Jenkins served in the Revolutionary War, though there is no doubt he defended his home when necessary. The only record found so far is of his son Aaron serving not only in the Revolution but also in the War of 1812. There is also no indication that any of his other sons served in the Revolution. Indian wars were also common to our ancestors in this time period. Brigedare Rutherford once wrote on 12 July 1776 "I received an express last week that many Indians were ravaging Crooked Creek and appeals are being made to me for help. Thirty seven persons were killed last Wednesday and Thursday on the Catawaba. I am also informed that Colonel McDowell and ten more men, and one hundred and twenty woman and children are besieged in some kind of fort, and yesterday, and they were surrounded on Wednesday. I expect the next account to hear that they were all destroyed. Three of our Captains are killed or wounded. This day I set out with what men I can raise for relief of the district. Pray, Gentlemen, consider our distress; send us plenty of powder, and I hope under jGod, we of the Salisbury district shall be able to stand them off. " By all accounts it is believed that the Jenkins family was in Rowan County, NC by this time. It is known that they had land both along the Catawaba and in Salisbury. It's very likely that our ancestors experienced this encounter with Indians. We can only imagine their fear and distress, but know that they survived for us to be here.
29: Countless hours have been spent studying the relationship between our ancestor Hugh Jenkins and the other Jenkins of Lancaster County, PA. The above photo is a map my boys and I made that show where they all lived. At the top of the map in red are the known descendants of David Jenkins who immigrated from Wales to eventually end up in Lancaster County, PA. The land owned by this Jenkins family is mostly in Caernavon, Lancaster, PA and partly in Salisbury. The land marked in blue at the bottom is the land of a Hugh Jenkins (may or may not be our Hugh). This land is exclusively in Salisbury. Also marked in blue is a small piece of land in Caernavon belonging to an Evan Jenkins who's relationship to the Lancaster Jenkins is unknown. Some records of land sales and taxation have been found in Lancaster county, PA for a Hugh Jenkins even after our known Hugh Jenkins was in North Carolina. At this time there is no clear indication that these two men are the same person or two different people.