BC: Turner JMW. The Burning of the Houses of Parliament. 1835. 123x92 cm. Tate Gallery. http://www.paintingselect.com/the-burning-of-the-houses-of-parliament-p-11437.html | Created by Hannah Styles Visual Arts 1 Spring semester 2011
FC: JMW Turner | Turner JMW. The Burning of the Houses of Parliament. 1835. 123x92 cm. Tate Gallery. http://www.paintingselect.com/the-burning-of-the-houses-of-parliament-p-11437.html
1: "I don't paint so that people will understand me, I paint to show what a particular scene looks like." -JMW Turner
2: Childhood | Joseph Mallord William Turner was born on April 23, 1775, in London, England. He was the son of a wig-maker and his mother was mentally unstable. He didn't spend a lot of time in his parents house and spent most of his time with relatives.
3: His mother died when he was still young, so he received most of his education from his father. He was an extremely talented person, from a very young age. He put all of his energy into painting. By age 13, he was showing off his artwork in his father's barber shop. He was a child prodigy! | Turner JMW. Plym Estuary. 1813. Oil on canvas. 800x527. Olga's Gallery. fineart-china.com
4: JMW was rewarded when one of his paintings was shown at the Royal Academy. When he was 18, he established his on studio, and was made a full member of the royal academy in 1802. After he had been trained academically, he seemed to spend the rest of his life developing an ever more loose style. | Early Life
5: He often traveled overseas to study nature and light. JMW had a phenomenal production of drawings and paintings. He was not always eager to sell these. He was even known to track down and repurchase some of his previous work. | Turner JMW. Chichester Canal. 1828. Oil on canvas. 654x1346 mm. Tate Gallery.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chichester_Canal_(painting)
6: We hardly know anything about Turner's personal life. He guarded his privacy and was almost anti-social. | JMW never married. He did have mistresses and almost certainly fathered children. | Turner JMW. Snow Storm and Steam-Boat off a Harbour's Mouth. 1842. Oil on canvas. 800x527. Tate Gallery, London. artknowledgenews.com | Personal Life
7: The few people to enjoy close relationships with him were mainly people he fished with. | He was a wise businessman who understood a public persona needed to be maintained.
8: Turner did not try to capture what he saw in a scene, he tried to paint what he felt about a scene. | Painting Styles | JMW can be considered as an early "impressionist" artist. | Turner JMW. Sunset. 1816. Oil on canvas. 90x120 cm. Tate Gallery, London. kenbushe.co.uk
9: JMW was a very secluded man. He always traveled and worked alone. He would show his paintings, but would often refuse to sell them. When he did not sell a painting, he fell into depression. | Turner JMW.Morning. 1843. Oil on canvas. 233x103. Tate Gallery. mikewarland.com
10: Turner was mesmerized by the seascapes of Venice. He put a lot of his energy into capturing the changing light and | color patterns on the water. Even though he works widely with oils, it is as a watercolorist that he is famous. Turner can be regarded as one of the founding fathers of English watercolor landscape painting. | Turner JMW.Keelmen. 1848. Oil on canvas. 203x133. Tate Gallery, London. dcist.com
11: JMW Turner is considered to be a Romantics painter, but he could also be considered an impressionist painter. A lot of times he was criticized by critics for his "unintelligible chaos of color", "yellow fever", and seas that looked "like soap and chalk". | Turner JMW. Fighting Temeraire 1838. Oil on canvas. 122x91 cm. Tate Gallery, London. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Turner,_J._M._W._-_The_Fighting_T%C3%A9m%C3%A9raire_tugged_to_her_last_Berth_to_be_broken.jpg
12: JMW is very famous for his castle paintings as well as his seascape paintings. | Turner JMW.Castle. 1848. Oil on canvas. 34x46 cm. Tate Gallery, London. digitalart.ab.ca | Turner JMW. The Wreck of a Transport Ship. 1810. Oil on canvas. 173x241 cm. Tate Gallery, London. fineartamerica.com | JMW did not try to mimic what he saw in a painting; he tried to draw how he felt about a painting.
13: Turner JMW. Tintern Abbey. 1843. Oil on canvas. 240x390. Tate Gallery, London. http://britlitwiki.wikispaces.com/Preface+to+Lyrical+Ballads | Tintern Abbey
14: JMW Turner died on December 19th, 1851. | He was 76 years old. | He was buried as a national hero in Saint Paul's Cathedral. | Turner JMW. The Storm. 1843. Oil on canvas. 16x20. Tate St. Ives, Boringdon Park, United Kingdom. tate.org.uk
15: JMW Turner will be forever remembered for his dramatic, abundantly colored landscapes and seascapes. | He was truly an unforgettable artist! | Turner JMW. Modern Italy, the Pifferari. 1838. Oil on canvas. 92.5x123. Held in a private collection. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Modern_Italy,_the_Pifferari_-_JMW_Turner.jpg
16: "No painter knew so well the extent of his own powers and his own weakness. Conscious of the power as well as the necessity of shade, he took the utmost boundaries of darkness and allowed but one-third of light, which light dazzles the eye thrown upon some favorite point, but where is judgement kept pace with his choice, surrounded with impenetrable shade." | -JMW Turner
17: "Painting is a strange business!" | -JMW Turner
18: Works Cited
19: "Artists in 60 Seconds: J. M. W. Turner" by Shelley Esaak. http://arthistory.about.com/cs/namestt/p/turner_jmw.htm, About.com Guide. web. 31 May 2011. "JMW Turner" by David Ross. http://www.britainexpress.com/History/bio/turner.htm. Britain Express. web. 2000. 31 May 2011. | JMW Turner