FC: A Child's Trip Through World History | By: Alexandra Barlow and Lucas Cabanas
1: Dedicated to Mrs. Rutherford and all the people whom have impacted History in our lives today
2: The Ancient River Valley civilizations appeased due to people who learned to farm. This was known as the Neolithic Revolution. This meant that people switched from hunting and gathering to farming and herding to settle in one place. The civilization of Mesopotamia is thought to be first civilization to do the transition to faming. They were located in the Fertile Crescent and between the Euphrates and Tigris River. The transformation to farming created more settlement which led to towns.
3: If the Hammurabi had never written his code, we might not have some laws that we do today. His laws gave very strict punishment and gave the "eye-for-an-eye" idea. It was a model for almost all law codes until today. It is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world, it consisted of 282 laws.
4: The Classical Age of Greece and Rome was an advance in human philosophy, technology, government, and arts. This was a time in which humanity first came together to advance. For example, Democracy rose in Athens in 50 BC. Unlike the Spartans, who were also Greek, Athenians were very open to the public and were a popular sovereignty. Even women were allowed in such activities like sports. In Sparta, the government was an oligarchy. This means that the power is within a small group of people. The citizens were not involved in most government decisions.
5: If Rome had never fallen, Roman influence and lifestyle might have been influenced around the world more. Latin, which was spoken around the empire, might have been the official language of many countries in Europe. Also, if the empire had not fallen, Roman Catholicism might have been a greater religion than it is today. If Rome did not fall their empire would be so much larger in size today!
6: The post-classical era brought up major religions to Africa and Asia like Islam, Christianity, and Buddhism. The two great powers during this time period were Islam and China. This era had the spread of universalizing religions, philosophies, and new civilization centers. Global networks began to emerge as it was easier to connect with other countries by trade. Many people used the Silk Road to trade because this pathway was along the west, but a Mongol named Genghis Khan conquered the Silk Road to control trade. Africa and Asia was not affected by the Bubonic Plague as much as Europe was. Even though this era brought up new religions and monotheism; it led to the dark ages because of Turks, Mongols, and the Black Death.
7: It was good that Genghis Khan opened the Silk Road to safe travels because not just goods were traded. This trade also allowed communication like ideas and knowledge that was carried along the Silk Road. Genghis Khan encouraged foreign merchants early on in his career before he united the Mongols. Safe travels allowed fear to be eliminated from merchants minds as they did their jobs. If the Silk Road was not open to safe travels then they could have been killed and many of the knowledge that was dispatched then would be known today.
8: Post-Classical Europe was also known as the Dark Ages. It was known as the Dark Ages because a lot of the knowledge and intelligence had been lost. Most knowledge and intelligence had been lost due to the fall of Rome. This period included disruption of trade, downfall of cities, and population shifts. Monastery also sprung up in the Dark Ages. These were religious communities built by the Church. Monasteries were led my Monks who gave up all of their private possessions to become servants of God. Feudalism ruled Europe in the Middle Ages. It was a system between in which nobles are granted land by the king of exchange for their loyalty.
9: If the Black Plague had a not attacked the western part of Europe, we might have a bigger population in that area. Not only might we have more people, but more ideas and technology. Due to the Bubonic Plague, .75 million people died. This affected the families that knew someone who had this disease and also the medical field. Luckily, that disease is no longer around.
10: The Renaissance was the great revival of art, learning, and literature in Europe from the 14th to 17th century that made the transformation from medieval to modern. Renaissance means rebirth of Greek and Roman knowledge. Not only was the education improved during this time, but it was a huge era for theater especially from the well known poet and play writer, Shakespeare. The Renaissance brought Europe out of the dark ages and made them a more intellectual country. Another era that had a major impact on Europe was the Protestant Reformation. The reformation was the religious movement in the 16th century that led to the establishment of Protestant Churches. The Church split into Protestant and Eastern Orthodox. The Reformation was important because people who didn't want to follow the corruption in the Roman Catholic Church would just convert, this took a lot of the Church's power away.
11: The printing press was very important because it affected the speed at which the public got information and how much is made. The printing press made it easier for books and especially Bibles to be made. Monks used to have to write the Bible to create copies, but because of this invention the Bible would not be so rare to possess. If Gutenberg had not made the printing press, then news would not be the same. It majorly affected news and made it become more accessible.
12: The Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason, was the era when there was major controversy in rationality and science. In the 17th century this influenced people to use their intelligence more. Religious leaders did not like the Enlightenment because it revolved around humanism, secularism, individualism, and nationalism. The Enlightenment put and emphasis on individual rights which greatly influenced revolution ideas. A revolt is to go against rules and to successful go over those rules is a revolution. Revolutions were mainly focused around the people trying to gain equality from their political leaders. Enlightenment and revolutions are both closely related because the Enlightenment ideas influenced people to revolt and what their new set of laws will be.
13: If the Enlightenment ideas were not embraced by the colonist then they would have not had the ideas to revolt. Since the Enlightenment focused on individual rights, the people wanted to be treated equal. If there were no revolutions then the people would not have made their own set of laws that were based off the Enlightenment theories. The unalienable rights and the power to the people were ideas embraced from this era.
14: World War I was the first world war and it involved all of the great powers. The spark of the war was the assassination of Franz Ferdinand of Austria. To fight back Austria invaded Serbia and Russia attacked Germany. There were 60 million Europeans killed in World War I. This war dragged many countries into it who were not necessarily involved, but since they were allies they had to help out. The war conditions were terrible and many people died from lack of food, water, shelter, warmth, or many of the diseases from the trenches they stayed in. The end of the war was the Treaty of Versailles which put complete blame on Germany. This treaty left Germany weak and in serious debt.
15: If Germany was not solely blamed for World War I by the Treaty of Versailles, then there would never be a World War II. World War II occurred because Germany was left weak and in such major dept that they would go to anyone for a scapegoat. Hitler came and convinced Germans that Jews were to blame for everything. Germany wanted revenge on all of the countries they owed money to and that took their land so their vengeance was very passionate.
16: When World War I left Germany at blame and in major dept they were willing to put anyone as a scapegoat. Hitler pronounced to them the theory that Jews were to blame, the spark of the war was when Germany invaded Poland. France surrendered to Germany as appeasement because Germany promised to not invade again, but he broke that non-aggression pact. Germany attacked the Soviet Union as Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. To end the war all of the allies closed in on Germany which ended in as Hitler committed suicide. The U.S drops the atomic bomb on Japan so that they surrender in defeat. World War II was a major impact on every country involved and in the end the allies won.
17: If the United States had not dropped the atomic bombs on Japan, then they would of kept invading and never accepted defeat. Japan is very consistent and wouldn't of given up. President Truman allowed the bombing because he knew that it was the only way to keep Americans safe, he believed it was very necessary. Japan surrendered after the second atomic bomb dropped because they thought America was bluffing at first.
18: The Cold War was a decade long struggle for global supremacy that the United States against the Soviet Union. It lasted from late 1945 to until the fall of the USSR 1991. The space race was a competition between U.S. and the USSR to explore and control space. This was one of the many tensions between the superpowers. The Truman Doctrine was a policy set forth by Harry Truman stating that the United States would support any country that doesn't support communism. Even the Cold War had many tensions, it never turned to open warfare.
19: If the Soviet Union had landed on the moon first, it would have crushed the U.S. spirit's. Also, communism might have spread more. The world we live in now might have been totally different if the Soviets have won the space race. The United States may not be viewed as such a major power if they would have lost the Cold War.