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S: Story of a Bill:Energy Policy Act of 2005

FC: Story of a Bill: Energy Policy Act of 2005 By: Aaron McFee

1: On April 18, 2005 Representative Joe Barton of the 106th Congress, introduced to the House a bill by the name of H. R. 6. The bill was to propose a new energy Act to use less energy overall in the United States. This bill would promote the filtering of coal fuels before admitted into the air. It would also promote an increase in ethanol mixed with gasoline. The main goal was to reduce the admission of green house gases into the Earth's atmosphere.

2: The bill also amends the Uniform Time Act of 1966. Beginning in 2007, Clocks were set ahead one hour on the second Sunday of March (March 11, 2007) instead of on the first Sunday of April (April 1, 2007). Clocks were set back one hour on the first Sunday in November (November 4, 2007), rather than on the last Sunday of October (October 28, 2007). The bill would also promote tax reductions in the following areas, $4.3 billion for nuclear power, $2.8 billion for fossil fuel production, $2.7 billion to extend the renewable electricity production credit, $1.6 billion in tax incentives for investments in "clean coal" facilities,$1.3 billion for energy conservation and efficiency, $1.3 billion for alternative motor vehicles and fuels (bioethanol, biomethane, liquified natural gas, propane),$500 million Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (CREBS) for government agencies for renewable energy projects.

3: The bill would also affect the commercial construction industry. When new buildings would be built, special tax deductions would occur.

4: The United States Senate voted on the bill twice and passed it. Two major presidential candidates who played a role in this at the time where Republican John Mccain who voted against it, and Democrat Barack Obama who voted in favor for it. | The bill was introduced into the House on April 18, 2005, and the Senate, June 11, 2005. The Preliminary vote in the Senate was taken on June 28, 2005. 85 members voted yes, and only 12 voted no. The bill also had to travel through many committees. These committees included, Energy and Commerce, Education and the Workforce, Financial Services, Agriculture, Resources, Science, Ways and Means, Transportation and Infrastructure.

5: The bill then moved through the committee stage April 18 and 19 and was reported on the 19. The floor debate took place April 19th and 21 in the House, and June 14 to 23 Cloture invoked June 23.

6: Several amendments that occurred for this bill include an amendment sought to replace electricity provisions of the bill. Another offered by a Mr. Markey, sought to strike provisions which allow oil and gas exploration in the Artic and National Wildlife Refuges. Mr. Boehlert sought to require Department of Transportation to raise fuel economy standards for automibiles from today's average of 25 miles per gallon to 33 miles per gallon.

7: The bill then had to pass through the Conference Stage. During this stage congress decides whether any changes must be made to the bill, or whether to leave it the way it is. At this point the bill officially becomes an act. This happened July 13 for the House, and July 1 for the Senate. Conference meetings took place July 14, to the 24 and the conference report was filed July 27.

8: The Final debate for the bill occured July 28, and July 29. It was presented to the president, August 4th, and signed by the president, August 8th.

9: In my reflections of doing this project I believe this bill was in a much need of being passed. I believe that the United States was in very much need of an Energy Bill and that there is always room for more improvement. If this bill would have not passed, I believe that total air pollution of the United States and eventually the rest of the world would have drastically increased. The debt of our nation would probably also be higher because people would need more fossil fuels to feed their gas guzzler cars. Therefore, our enviorment would be at high risk. Over all after doing this project I learned that there's a lot that goes into passing a bill. I never knew how many different committees that it must go through, or how many amendments and debates can be made over it before it actually either gets signed or denied. In all honesty it seem

10: http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/109/hr6 http://www.irs.gov/newsroom/article/0,,id=153397,00.html http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d109:H.R.6: http://www.epa.gov/lawsregs/laws/epa.html http://www1.eere.energy.gov/femp/regulations/epact2005.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy_Policy_Act_of_2005

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