FC: River Valley Civilizations Kayla Morris
1: Table of Contents Mesopotamia...................2-3 Egypt............................4-5 Indus............................6-7 China............................8-9
2: Mesopotamia The people of Mesopotamia were polytheistic and worshiped many gods. Their government was controlled by their religion as the priest heard from their gods. Mesopotamia was located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The people of Mesopotamia used the wheel and sail for travel ease. They used cuneiform as their written language. The social classes of Mesopotamia include priests and rulers, farmers, and slaves. Mesopotamia is also called the Fertile Crescent.
3: The people of Mesopotamia recognized Hammurabi's Code as their judicial system. In Mesopotamia, the city-states were always at war. | Not only was it a place of worship, but priests managed the irrigation system from the ziggurat and demanded a portion of every farmers crop as taxes.
4: Egypt The Nile River, located in Egypt, flows south to north. The ancient Egyptians used hieroglyphics as their writing system. When the Nile River overflows, it provides fertile land. Ancient Egypt was ruled by pharaohs who were seen also as gods. Ancient Egyptians were polytheistic and served many gods | The sun god was one of the most important gods of the ancient Egyptians. Ancient Egyptians mummified their royal leaders. Ancient Egyptian social classes were basically a pyramid with royalty at the top and peasants at the bottom. Ancient Egyptians developed a calendar to help with their planting season.
5: Ancient Egyptians invented papyrus which was the beginning of paper.
6: Indus The Indus Valley was between the Indus and Ganges rivers. The Indus Valley people invented the plumbing and sewage system. The Indus Valley people developed the Harappan language which has been impossible to translate. The Indus Valley peoples religion was the beginning of the modern Hindu religion. One of the most remarkable achievements of the Indus Valley people was their sophisticated city planning. Due to the intricate grid system of their city implies they had a strong central government.
7: The Indus Valley people built strong levees to protect their cities from flood waters Based on artifacts, social classes were relatively equal. | Historians Know less about the Indus Valley Civilization because they are not able to figure out the Indus system of writing. Annual floods brought rich soil to their land.