FC: River Valley Civilizations By: Matthew Hunsinger
1: Table of Contents Mesopotamia.............2-3 Egypt......................4-5 Indus.......................6-7 China.......................8-9
2: Mesopotamia -Mesopotamia had limited natural resources. -The Mesopotamia civilization used irrigation for growing crops. -This civilization believed in many different gods. -Slavery was used a lot in Mesopotamia. -Mesopotamia was located between two rivers known as the "fertile crescent." -Hammurabi came up with the code(law) an eye for an eye.
3: -Mesopotamia began using the plow to make farming easier. -The written language in Mesopotamia was cuneiform. -City States were always at war with each other for power. -Mesopotamia invented the 60 second unit which is still used today for time.
4: Egypt -Egypt is surrounded by desert. -Slavery took place in Egypt to help build. -The Nile River flows South to North. -When the Nile overflows it produces fertile land. -In Egypt the climate is hot and dry. -The Egypt civilization believed in many gods.
5: -Egypt was divided into upper and lower kingdoms until 3000 B.C. -Egypt's written language was Hieroglyphics. -Built tombs also known as pyramids for the Pharaoh. -Came up with the mummification process of preserving the body for the after life.
6: Indus -Located between the Indus and Ganges River. -Invented the plumbing and sewage system. -The rivers often overflow. -The Indus river civilization had a strong central government. -Built major buildings in the center of the city.
7: -Began the Hindu culture. -The Himalaya Mtns. are located to the North. -The Indus civilization was located on a sub continent. | The Indus valley civilization came up with the grid system for the cities. -Seasonal winds brought rain or dry air to the civilization.
8: China -Located between the Yellow and Yangtze River. -The Himalaya Mtns. are to the south. -To the North of China is the Gobi Desert. -China made their buildings out of wood. | China saw their culture as the center of civilized world.
9: -China found new ideas for flood control and irrigation. -Chinese worship their ancestors and believe they bring blessings. -Chinese believe in Feudalism. | -When rivers flooded they left behind fertile soil for crops. -the ruler or emperor had divine approval also known as "Mandate of Heaven."