FC: My Cell Mixbook | By: Bridget Jackson
1: Cell History | The invention of the microscope is what allowed people to view cells. A physicist named Robert Hooke was the first person to describe a cell in 1665. He saw them as open spaces that might be used to transport fluid. More detailed observations were made by Marcello Malpighi and Nehemiah Grew not long after. They were said to observe the structure of plant cells. In 1676, a man named Antony van Leeuwenhoek published his observations of single-cell organisms. It was likely that he was the first person to observe a red blood cell.
2: plant cells are the structural and functional unit of a plant | Plant Cell
3: animal cells found in humans and animals and are typical eukaryotic cells | Animal Cell
4: Bacterial | bacterial cells are made in the body by binary fission and it is a single-cellular parasite that is neither plant or animal
6: Compare and Contrast Plant and Animal Cells | Plant Cell... | Animal Cell... | -have cell membranes -have endoplasmic reticulums -have nuclei -have cytoplasm -have mitochondria -have golgi apparati -have lysosomes -have ribosomes | -have cell walls -have vacuoles -have chloroplast | -have lysosomes -cannot produce their own food
7: Compare and Contrast Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells | Prokaryotic... | Eukaryotic... | -have DNA as their genetic material -are membrane bound -have ribosomes | -are larger -have a cytoskeleton -cell division is accomplished by mitosis | -have thicker cell walls -do not have a cytoskeleton -cell division is carried out by binary fission
8: Cellular Structure and Organelles | Mitochondri Nucleus DNA Chromosome Cell Membrane Cell Wall Flagella Cilia Chloroplast Centrioles Endoplasmic Reticulum Vacuoles Cytoskeleton Cytoplasm Lysosomes Golgi Apparatus Ribosomes | -------------------------->
9: Functions | Power centers of a cell | Communicates with the surrounding cytosol | Provides cell with its unique characteristics | Carry all information that the cell needs to grow, reproduce, and thrive | A cells protective barrier | Serves as a barrier and maintains shape, in plant cells only | Long appendages that are located under the cytoplasmic membrane | A membrane-bound structure with a single membrane | Contain enzymes necessary for digestion | Term for the cytosol plus the organelles suspended within the cytosol | RNA and protein that play a crucial role in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells | Helps maintain the cell's shape | Continuation of the outer nuclear membrane | Membrane-bound sac that plays roles in digestion and the release of waste | Make up the cytoskeleton | Contain the plant cell's chlorophyll responsible for the plant's green color | Structurally identical to flagella, but varies in function and length
10: How do the organelles work together within a cell? | All of the organelles work in tandem to keep a cell running properly. The cell wall or membrane works with the rest of the cell by not letting in unwanted particles keeping the important particles from leaving the cell. The nucleus works with the nucleolus by creating DNA used to make ribosomes which are then moved to the Endoplasmic Reticulum where proteins are made. The proteins then travel through the channels of the Endoplasmic Reticulum and go to the Golgi. The Gogi prepares them to be sent out to the rest of the cell.
11: References | http://www.biologyreference.com/Gr-Hi/History-of-Biology-Cell-Theory-and-Cell-Structure.htm http://www.cellsalive.com/cells/cell_model.htm http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/basics/cell