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S: Manifest Destiny: Mission in American History

BC: Mountain Men | The Mission of Completion in American History

FC: Mission in American History | By:Ashley Embry & Asya Morris

1: Mission in American History

2: Table Of Contents | Heroic Men | Daily life of the Mountain Men | Northwest Token | Chapter Review | Glossary | Bibliography

3: Heroic Men | Born in Augusta County, Virginia, John Colter was known as the first mountain man. He enlisted as a private with the Lewis & Clarke expedition. He accompanied Captain Clark in an attempt to scout out a way through the Rockies. Colter pursued his itinerant life as a trapper. John Colter died on May 7, 1812. | Christopher "Kit" Carson was known as the famous scout for Bent's Fort. He was a very skilled trapper. He began his fur-trapping career out of Taos, New Mexico. He served in the Mexican Civil War. He died in nearby Fort Lyons on May 23, 1868.

4: Jim Bridger | 1804 | Born on March 17, in Richmond, Virginia. | 1822 | Led fur-trapping expedition to Utah and Idaho. | First white man to visit the Great Salt Lake . | 1824 | 1830 | Jim Bridger | Became one of Fine partners in the Rocky Mountain Fur Company.

5: The youngest member of the Ashley/Henry expedition, Jim Bridger is known as the first mountain man. Great Salt Lake was discovered by this heroic individual. Fort Bridger, a 19th century fur trading outpost established in 1842, was discovered by him. Bridger was said to have a remarkable sense of humor. Jim Bridger accomplished so much. By the end of his lifetime, Bridger could claim the titles of trapper, trader, guide merchant, Indian interpreter and Army officer. | Timeline | 1841 | 1843 | 1850 | 1881 | Established Fort Bridger on West Bank on the Green River . | He worked as a government scout. | Established Fur trading Post on the Oregon Trail. | Died on July 17 on his farm in Missouri.

6: "I wanted to be the first to view a country on which the eyes of a white man had never gazed and to follow the course of rivers that run a new land." -Jedediah Smith | Jedediah Smith | Jedeiah Smith was born in Bainbridge, New York on January 6, 1799. Smith was the first to cross the Continental Divide. A trailblazer, brigade leader, and partner in two fur-trading companies. Jedediah Smith is known for leading an expedition through the Dakota Black Hills. While on the expedition he was attacked by a grizzly bear. It's amazing that he survived the incident. On May 27, 1831, he was set upon by 20 Comanchees and was killed.

7: Liver-Eating Johnson | Liver-Eating Johnson was a sailor, teamster, trapper, hunter, guide, scout, deputy, Union Pacific, trader and more. Born in New Jersey, he was noted to be surly, extremely strong and a loner. He went by several names. Liver-Eating Johnson was a mountain man known for eating human liver and also the crow "killer." There is so much not known about him. Many historians are still seeking answers to their questions. | Born at Hagerstown, Maryland and raised in Pennsylvania. John Davis Albert was a man who made his way from Maryland to the Rocky Mountains. He later settled at Walsenburg Colorado about 1872. John Davis Albert died there on April 24, 1899. | Biography of John Davis Albert | - Not Pictured

8: Heroism | Maroon-Heroism Green-Success | Significance of the Colors:

9: "The great successful men of the world have used their imagination?They think ahead and create their mental picture in all its details, filling in here, adding a little there, altering this a bit and that a bit, but steadily building - steadily building." Robert Collier

10: Daily Life of the Mountain Men | Artist: Ron Embleton 1972 This painting is from the famous series "The Winning West." A stunning piece of two men set against a dramatic background of mountains and lakes.

11: Have you ever been the first to accomplish something, the first to discover a place or the first to try something daring? Well that's what mountain men were best known for. Mountain men worked as beaver trappers in the vast wilderness. Some were even the first to come in contact with the Native Americans. Mountain men were the type who wanted to make a good living, liked to live by his own rules, and was eager to see remote parts of the country.

12: Far from home on a trail.

13: They were skilled trappers. A trapper is a person whose business is the trapping of an animal for their furs. The diet of the mountain men at times consisted of nothing more than meat. When possible, wild plants and berries were eaten. Normally, mountain men could not carry whiskey on the move but at rendezvous. Rendezvous was an annual event held by mountain men to trade furs and socialize. Smoking pot was a luxury, mostly at night.

14: Mountain man in the wilderness.

15: Mountain Men were men who live and work in the Wilderness. They usually lacked formal education, but had many other useful skills. Many had to be expert trappers to make his time in the wilderness worthwhile. He also had to be able to communicate with different cultures. He needed survival and hunting skills that included finding food and shelter in every season. Some mountain men simply loved the lifestyle and would stay away from home for months or even years.

16: Illustration the movement of Manifest Destiny.

17: Manifest Destiny is the belief that the United States was meant to expand to the Rocky Mountains. Many mountain men thought it was their duty to be the first to discover new territory. They wanted to expand all the land as far as they could to make sure they were credited. But many were not always credited for their discoveries. They were always on the move. As journeys by foot or horse were lonely, mountain men were known to play their mouth harps or sing songs along the trail.

18: Their wardrobe usually looked similar to the picture.

19: While many traders and trappers dressed in buckskin the | While many traders and trappers dressed in buckskin, the skin of a buck or deer, wool garments were even more common and needed to be shrunk to fit. Every mountain man carried what was called a "Possibilities Bag" that contained personal items. Some of the items were a pipe, tobacco, soap, needles, and small keepsakes such as a mouth harps.

20: N o R T H W E S T E R N T O K E N | NorthWestern Token

21: The fur trade was one of the earliest and most important industries in North America. The fur trade began in the 1500's as a exchange between Indians and French. | The French trading with the Indians.

22: An angry fox has reclaimed his former fur a women who was wearing it as a coat. | COMIc

23: The fur trade developed slowly at first. Indians did all the trapping. The Indians used the pelts, the skin of a fur-bearing animal, for many uses. Some were for garments, decorations, medicine, pouches, rugs, and other items. The most popular felt were the beaver pelts. The Indians were known to expand their territorial nation. Expansionist was the expansion of the United States; Americans who favored aggressive territorial expansion of the nations.

24: Felt Hat

25: In 1823,the first silk hat appeared in Europe. In addition, new technology made it possible to manufacture good-quality fur from less expensive animal fur. Trading posts were stores established in an unsettled or thinly settled region by trade or trading companies to obtain furs and local products in exchange for supplies, clothing, other goods or for cash.

26: Chapter Review | Vocabulary Rendezvous Mountain Men Trading Post Expansionist Fort Bridger Continental Divide Buckskin Trapper Manifest Destiny Eastern United States | 1. The was where mountain men gather and had a luxury of smoking pot at night. | 2. was the belief that the U.S. had to expand to the west. What is the reason for this belief? How did it effect life today? | 3. was where the decline of the fur trade took place. | 4.Name the types of skins mountain men had to dress up in to keep warm. How is this skin different from the cloth used or made today? Compare and Contrast. | 10. A store established in an unsettled or thinly settled region by a trade or trading company to obtain furs and local products in exchange for supplies, clothing, other goods or cash. | 9. A person who's business is the trapping of animal fur. Think Back: If you where the person who had to trap fur for a living what would be your technique of surviving? | 6. Favoring the expansion of the United States; Americans who favored aggressive territorial expansion of the nation was called an . Describe the difference between Manifest Destiny and a Expansionist. | 7. were rough-edged men who lived in the mountains or wilderness and who resources where mother nature. | 8. Jedeiah Smith was the first man to cross the in the late 19 century. | 5. Fur trading business that was established in 1842 during the 19 century was call .

27: 1. Name two of Jim Bridger's discoveries.. | 9. What was one of the earliest and most important trading businesses in the early 1500's? | Section 1: Heroic Men | 2. was known as the famous scout of Brent-Fort. What famous wars did this mountain man serve in? | 3. Known as a trailblazer, brigade leader,and partner in two fur-trading companies? | Section 2: Daily Life of the Mountain Men | Section 3: Northwestern Token | 8. Compare and Contrast: How do you think the life of a mountain man is different from yours. What makes it different? What similarities do they have? | 7. Do you think that most mountain men who discovered great destinations such as the Great Salt Lake where credited for their findings | 6. Did the mountain men have lack of education, but where able to speak different cultures in order to trade fur? | 5. What was a mountain's man way of making a living in everyday life? How did you think it affected them without trapping ? | 4. Compare and Contrast: How do you think the heroic actions today are no different then the ones in the past? | 12. Fact or Opinion: Do you think most of the ideas from the mountain men(fur trading, trapping, etc.) was that of the Indians or just a new franchise of business? | 11. How did the new technology in 1823 make an impact on the fur trade.? | 10. Was the uprise of the fur-trade started by the Indians or by the mountain men ? Explain.

28: Bibliography | Morris, Asya. Ed. "ToonDoo." ToonDoo.com. TCCHS, Dec 1. 2010. Web. Feb 3.2011. . | Roberts, Linda. the history magazine for young people: Cobblestone: Mountain Men. 12 ed. Ed. Yoder Carolyn. Peterborough, NH: Cobblestone Publishing, Inc., 1991. Print. | Internet Express, . Ed. White Oak. White Oak Society, Inc., 1996. Web. 24 Jan.2011. . | Pithush.com. N.p., 1996. Web. Jan 25.2011. . | "Legends of America." legendsofamerica.com. Legends of America, 2003-2011. Web. 26 Jan. 2011. . | "John Liver Eating Johnston." johnlivereatingjonhston.com. Western Tales, Inc., 2009. Web. 26 Jan. 2011. . | Embleton, Ron. "The Book Palace ." Ron Embleton Art. The Book Palace/PC Intuition, 1972;2000-2009. Web. 26 Jan. 2011. . | Zuvela, Tony. "Cartoonstock.com." tzun1350. N.p., 1999-2011. Web. Feb 1.2011. . | "Find a Grave." John Colter. N.p., 9 Sep.1998. Web. 26 Jan. 2011. .

29: "http://faculty.umf.maine.edu/walter.sargent/public." 103 outline 13- Manifest Destiny. Maine.Edu, 1990-2000. Web. Feb 1.2011. . | internetsourceincome.com. Wikipedia, 1999. Web. feb 3.2011. . | "BVSD Home > Lafayette ." Colorado History. Layfette Elemnetary, 1999-2000. Web. feb 3.2011. . | Faden, William. "http://www.autrynationalcenter.org/explore/exhibits/encounters/furtrade/3_fur/content/image/3-1-1-p1.jpg." http://www.museumoftheamericanwest.org/explore/exhibits/encounters/furtrade/3_fur/content/image/3-1-1-p1.jpg. Autry National Center, 1777. Web. Feb 3.2011. . | Dan, "Canpages.com." Saskaboom! Saskatchewan’s Rags to Riches Story. N.p., 1999-2011. Web. Feb3.2011. . | "Hertiage Auction Gallery." Rare Coins. N.p., 2006-2007. Web. Feb 3.2011. .

30: Glos | Places | Continental Divide Jedediah Smith was the first to cross the divide. | Eastern United States Where the decline of the fur trade took place. | Fort Bridger A 19th century fur trading outpost established in 1842. | Great Salt Lake Discovered by a mountain man by the name | People | Christopher Carson Became famous as the Scout for Bent's Fort. | Jedediah Smith Lead an expedition through the Dakota Black Hills. | Jim Bridger The last mountain man. | John Colter First mountain man. | Liver Eating-Johnson A mountain man known for eating liver and also "The Crow Killer". | John Davis Albert A mountain man who made his way from Maryland to the Rocky mountains.

31: Important Words | sary | Buckskin The skin of a buck or deer. | Expansionist Favoring the expansion of the United States; Americans who favored aggressive territorial expansion of the nation. | Manifest Destiny Belief that the United States was meant to expand to the Pacific Ocean. | Mountain Man A man who lives and works in the mountains or wilderness. | Pelt The skin of a fur-bearing animal. A beaver skin is often called a "pelt". | Rendezvous Annual event held by mountain men to trade furs and socialize. | Trading Post A store established in an unsettled or thinly settled region by a trade or trading company to obtain furs and local products in exchange for supplies, clothing, other goods or for cash. | Trapper A person whose business is the trapping of animals for their furs.

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