S: Japan Inquiry Project
FC: Japan From Isolation to Adaptation Megan Tanicka
2: Isolation of Japan How did Isolation change the social systems in Edo Japan?
3: Samuri - help govern domain -help encourage people to live in residence -Had no land jobs,so all lived in city -Your name meant nothing when trying to win court battle -during isolation changed from fighting warrior to cival administration -hard time to change (lack of work/not a lot of income
4: Farmers -ranked below samuri - rice was most important, so they had a great job | -had very difficult lives -Damiyo demand them not to leave land/villages so they don't lose profit/labour | - had dress code - 2 types of farmers *honbyakusho were the principal farmers *hyakusho were ordinary
5: Artisans -Lived in city/town -Job to decorate homes/made objects for everyday life -made trade goods
6: Merchants -gained wealth -gave needed goods to society -families were powerful and had most important job in Japan's banking -had intention trading until Japan closed its doors -large in modernization cities
7: Outcasts (Eta) -had to live outside city/town in villages -job; slaughtering animals, carrying out executions and cleaning dead people | -touching the dead was a violation to Buddhist Doctors so Eta did -rarely moved out of class -not permitted to sell their wares or enter a shop -no one became Eta unless had to for a job
8: - own laws/chiefs -only if expelled from your class would you join the Hinin | Non-Humans (Hinin) -job included fortune telling, begging, acting, prostitution -licensed to live in certain quarters
9: Differences of Edo and Meiji Period | Compare the changes from Edo to Meiji period and how it effected Japan?
10: Edo Period -Based on the Feudal system -Only shogun loyal to Emperor -Daimyo set own rules -All land belonged to different Daimyo's -Owed taxes payed to Shogun -Could pay tax in products (rice) -each domain was known as one unit -Shogun was the most of it's class to enter the large armies -A few domains gathered together a small navy -Daimyo armies were getting smaller -big armies were to expensive to run -shougun valued peace and order -Bakufu thought best way to peace and order isolate their country -Tokugawa period; unequal treaties signed -treaties major Bakufu downfall - No school was government run - Children were not educated - Schools were run by one person or a couple who knew the educated -Strict class rules/ social roles -People were very traditional, Kabuki tea ceremonies and the artistic arts of printmaking
11: Meiji Period -All of Japan was loyal to the Emperor -set rules from government for entire country -Emperor had constitution that had individual rights -country divided into districts -possible for farmers to own there own land -owed taxes payed to government -paid with money - land owner was responsible individually for taxes -had to serve in military | -Government gosl was to build Japans strenght against western countries -3 levels of school primary school middle school university school -primary school was for everyone -under go changes to control future -begana democracy government | - Japan first nation to adapt and become successful -viewed education as an important feature to improve economic system
12: Changes To Meiji period How did radical changes in organization change during the Meiji period effort Japan?
13: -Leaders selected which traditional aspect they would be kept and what could change to adapt to other society ways -school curriculum was made government -kept most cultural traditions | - They thought they had to be strong/competative as the western countries were -30 to 40 years borrowed and changed to the western ways -learned technologies and steam-powered machines -Feudal system