FC: Ancient Meso-American Civilization
1: The Mayan Civilization has been traced back to 1500 B.C. | The height of the Mayan Empire was between 600 A.D. and 900 A.D.
2: The Mayan's devised a complex system for writing. Maya words were formed by combinations of over 800 signs.
3: The Maya pyramid was used as their calendar. Each pyramid had 4 stairways, each with 91 steps and a platform at the top. This made a total of 365 equal to the number of days in a calendar year.
4: The Maya empire collapsed for many reasons, which include fighting within empire and insufficient food supply. By 900 A.D. all of the ceremonial centers had been abandoned.
5: Prior to the 15th century, the Aztecs were a large tribe living on the edge of Lake Texcoco, which is the site of present day Mexico City. The Aztecs were lea by a highly codified government. At the head of this government was an all-powerful emperor who exacted taxes from the conquered and distributed land to his people, especially the warriors.
6: By 1473, after subjugating neighboring tribes, they ruled the largest empire Mexico had ever seen. Their capital of Tenochtitlan, set in the lake, was a picturesque city of pyramids, mile-long floating roads, aqueducts, animated marketplaces, and one hundred thousand residents.
7: The Aztecs used a Calendar similar to The Mayans. It had a 365 day a year Calendar. In the mythology of the Aztecs, the first age of mankind ended with the animals devouring humans. The second age was finished by wind, the third by fire, and the fourth by water. The present fifth epoch is called Nahui-Olin (Sun of Earthquake), which began in 3113 BC and will end on December 24, 2011. It will be the last destruction of human existence on Earth.
8: The Inca Empire
9: The Incas had an incredible system of roads. One road ran almost the entire length of the South American Pacific coast. Since the Incas lived in the Andes Mountains, the roads took great engineering and architectural skill to build. On the coast, the roads were not surfaced. The Incas paved their highland roads with flat stones and built stone walls to prevent travelers from falling off cliffs.
10: The Inca developed drainage systems and canals to expand their crop resources. Potatoes, tomatoes, cotton, peanuts and coca were among the many crops grown by the Inca. | Llama were used for meat and transportation. There was more than enough resources available for everyone. Increased subsistence levels led to a growth in the Inca population. | Farmers provided most of the food for the rest of the population. They had to pay tax in the form of gold, which were distributed to the higher classes.