FC: Places of Worship then and now Kimberly Mullins 4/6/10
1: Introduction In my scrapbook you will learn about two famous places of worship, from ancient times to the current date. You will see the history and magnificent beauty they both hold. | Cathedral of Saint John Divine | Cologne, Germany | New York, NY | Cologne Cathedral
2: Cathedral of Saint John the Divine | Under Construction
3: The Cathedral of St. John the Divine is in New York, NY in Manhattan's Morningside Heights. The cathedral is claimed to be the largest cathedral and Anglican church, and the third largest Christian church in the world. The cathedral was designed in 1888 and the construction began in 1892. During the building phases there have been two interruptions from the two World Wars. To this day it remains unfinished with construction and restoration on going. The first stone of the nave was laid and the west front was undertaken in 1925. The first services ever held in the nave was held on the day before the bombing of Pearl Harbor and the construction was stopped once again.
4: Cathedral of Saint John the Divine
5: Under master stone carvers, Simon Verity and Jean Claude Marchionni, construction on the statuary of the central portal was completed in 1997. There has been no further construction since. The cathedral is almost two football fields long and the nave ceiling reaches 124 feet. It is the longest Gothic nave in the world. It has seven chapels radiating from the ambulatory behind the choir. In the center there is a large raised high altar, behind it there is a wrought iron fence which contains a Gothic style tomb of the man who originally founded the cathedral. On the night of December 18, 2001 a fire swept through the unfinished north transept, destroying the gift shop. Valuable tapestries and other items in the cathedral were also damaged by the soot and smoke. In 2005, the cathedral began another restoration that remained until 2008.
6: Cologne, Germany | Cologne Cathedral
7: The Cologne cathedral is located in Cologne, Germany. Construction on the building began in 1248 and took until 1880 to complete. It is 474 feet long, 282 feet wide and its towers are 515 feet tall. The cathedral is one of the world's larges churches and the largest Gothic church in Northern Europe. Because of its enormous twin spires, it also presents the largest facade of any church in the world. Cologne's medieval builders had planned a grand structure to hold the reliquary of the Three Kings and fit its role as a place of worship of the Holy Roman Emperor. The foundation was laid on August 15, 1248 and with many interruptions, the final completion of Germany's largest cathedral was celebrated 632 years later in 1880.
8: Interior of the Cologne Cathedral
9: The cathedral received hits by aerial bombs during World War II. Even though It was hit it did not collapse and it stood tall in the shattered and flattened city. In 1945 the cathedral was used as a rifle range by American troops and the repairs were completed in 1956. Repair and maintenance work is still going on to this day. In August of 2007 the cathedral received a new stained glass in the south transept window. It has 113 square meters of glass and is composed of 11,500 identically sized pieces of colored glass resembling pixels. Today the cathedral is open to the public every day from 6:00am to 7:30pm. Visitors can climb 509 steps in the spiral staircase to a viewing platform about 98 meters above ground.
10: conclusion I could not stop reading and learning about these beautiful cathedrals. It really moved me in many ways just knowing the history for these two buildings ,and that people actually have the chance to visit them today. | My husband said he learned allot through my presentation and said that it was very interesting.
11: Cites Personal Author, Terlau, Katja Wallraf-Richartz-Jahrbuch 2000 v. 61 p. 7-22 Personal Author, Wolff, Arnold Builder v. 95 no 4 (April 1988) p5 www.nyc-architture.com/HAR/HAR002 www.travelpod.com www.expat-blog.com www.norberthaupt.wordpress.com www.ronsaari.com