FC: Europe 1350-1700 Poetry Anthology | By Caitlin Campbell
1: The Renaissance During the the time period between 1300 and 1550 Eyes were opening to ancient concepts, new ideas were being built. Love for the arts and literature became more substantial, Artists more appreciated. Bruneleski's odd and genius mind creates art with perspective, Donatello sculpts the nude and sensual "David". The worlds an abyss of discovery and money is key to pushing boundaries.
2: The Medicis Now shall we speak of the famous Medicis? You must know them for their wealth. Merchants of Florence they were, their banking started in the back of a shop. Who would of known it was to spread across all of Europe? Their chance for greatness came from a pirate named John in need of loot. The papacy is up for grabs, and the Medici loan to him. Pope John will not forget, for many of the Medici take place in the church in turn of his debt. As their greatness increases so do scarlet puddles. Resentment is held by their city folk, and assassins always lurking. They are the Godfathers of the land, always in competition with the other mafias. They are the taste makers of Italy, and supporters of the greatest artists forthwith.
3: Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) On a voyage sponsored by the King and Queen of Spain, Columbus wants to find great things! He was setting to find a new route to Asia. It's the enterprise of Indies he thinks he's encountered, But not really, for these folks weren't Indies, They were Native Americans! Oh yes! Native Americans! He continues to explore this area in 1493, 1498, and 1502. 1492 he discovers the New World, Where people be living sophisticatedly in old civilizations Columbus thinks they'd make good servants, And thinks they'd be easily converted into Christians. Brings six of 'em back to the royalty. Men coming from over from another world on dark oceans, In monstrous contraptions not yet seen by the Americans. Too soon would more come. Too soon would these white men take all the culture. Too soon would they take all over the land. | 1496 Columbus conquered the island of Hispaniola, Where there was gold (riches for Spain). Hispaniola people are enslaved, And the whole population treated like dogs. Disease and the hardships of forced labour lead to their deaths. As they are falling they're replaced with Bahamians and Africans... February 1493 "Ferdinand, Isabella! Hispaniola is a wonder!" "Many spices and large mines of gold, as well as other metals..." "The people will be easily converted" And make perfect Christian slaves.
4: Luther (1483-1530) There was once a confused boy named Martin. A boy who felt he was angry with God, A boy who felt he sinned, A boy concerned with his salvation. He was well educated, An undergrad of Erfurt University, A doctorate from Wittenberg. As much a student as a teacher, He was a professor as well as a preacher. He'd gone to Rome in search of a strengthened faith, But instead found new wrath. For he found indulgences to be against the scriptures, The scriptures he studied, the ones he hath. The Pope must be informed of these John Tetzels thought he. | Time had come for change, Martin Luther wrote his 95 Theses, and he-- He hammered it onto the door of the church! The printing press was used to spread the message Luther translates the latin Bible into his mother tongue. The Papacy is unpleased, they shall not be questioned! 1521, Luther's a heretic! Excommunication it is! In April it comes to the Diet of Worms, Luther will not recant his views, his works. Let him die! But Luthers lucky to have Frederick of Saxony as his hero. Who would do anything to keep his scholar safe.
5: Peasant Revolt Lutheran beliefs have paved a new path for the peasant of Germany. A path which justifies their grievances... Though Luther intended no such thing. Take down the lords... Taxes too high, lords abuses always increasing. Take down the lords... When the crops failed the peasants had had enough! In 1524 they must rise against their lords, Slaying is no problem for God is on their side. They want to appoint pastors, they want release from serfdom, they want control over what their lord demands, they want the community to own the meadows and fields, they want to abolish the death tax, and they want-- They want to be treated with the Word of God. They die, not the lords but the peasants die... 100'000 dead in a failed effort for freedom. Lutheran beliefs did lead to some social change. Monasteries close, clergy marry, secular power becomes more important. This path may have had blood polluted through the middle. But at the end light was found with new change.
6: Jesuits They were established by Saint Ignatius, Who studied the works of Jesus, and Works on religion. His men were well trained, organized in a military fashion. Recruits are expected to be loyal to the church, as well as it's ideals, and the papacy. The army of the church is what they were. The force would shed blood anywhere to save souls, and for the religious cause. Religion was taken seriously as well as schooling. They founded schools and taught all over Europe. | They were a force to be feared by the Protestants. A new weapon for the Catholic Reformation. They were said to be harsh, but still successful in stabilizing catholicism.
7: England Under Elizabeth I Foreign policy aims to strengthen England, And empower the protestants. Pope Pius V excommunicates Elizabeth, Hoping for war. After St. Bartholomew's she openly supports the Huguenots in France. She sends troops to Spain to take stance, Supports piracy in Spain and defeats the Spanish Armada. When the ships came in large numbers, God was on there side. They had ships of their own and went to the English Channel. The separated the Spanish formations. The Protestant winds swept the Spanish fleet to the north. A third were to never return. England was a powerful force to be reckoned with, A powerful Protestant force the Catholic church had to deal with.
8: Catherine de Medici Queen of France as of 1547, Mother Queen of France as of 1559. Her husbands death has led to this. What good fortune she had, for this brought her political power, Such that her husband not let her hath. Her son Francis II marries Mary Queen of Scot. Sadly, the Guises gained power this way. Conveniently Francis died at 16, leaving her regent to her son Charles IX, who happened to be 10. Much time for Catherine to maintain power. She decreases the power of the Guises further; By increasing the powers of the Protestant families Bourbons and the Montmoreacy-Chatillon. She extends rights of public worship to Huguenots. Guises slaughter a protestant church in Vassy. 10 years later, she`s on their side and plans assassination of a Huguenot leader named Coligny. | "Oh, Charles they`d like over throw you." St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre occurs. Time for the Protestants to fight for their lives, or die in large numbers. All because of Catherine who could not care less about the lives, as long as she consisted of the power.
9: The Thirty Years War (1618-1648) The Peace of Ausgberg did not do much, In releasing the religious tensions of the Holy Roman Empire and such. Protestant states seek help from enemies of Spain: England, France, and the Dutch Republic. The Catholics go to Spain for support, of course. 30 years of war for what? Centralizing power in Hapsburg! Upset caused by Archduke Ferdinand revoking rights of protestants, And the Defenestration of Prague. At the end of this smog, Comes the legalization of the religions: Lutheranism, Calvinism and Catholicism. And approximately three hundred states are made into sovereigns. Oh joyous campaigns.
10: LOUIS XIV It was his divine right to be king, From the age of 5, And for no one to doubt such a thing. He would thrive for absolute power, Though he did not have enough communication in the age to be completely successful. He reduces the powers of his nobles, By taking some of their money, Taking their governing rights, Taking their military, and taking away most of their public service heights. He finds the Palace of Versailles, which was a residence in the centre of all events. Creates new taxes to drain all, builds canals and roads, 5 Great Farms, and good trade contents. This way he's double Frances revenue, though there's never enough money for him. His military is more than 14 times large after almost 30 years of increasing pay, and disciplinary actions. He takes the papacies power of making laws away, He takes the Edict of Nantes, in which betrays his protestants and causes them to stray. He was rich, absolute in power, and had a catholic monarchy.
11: THE END