S: Brandon M
FC: The Modern Architect
2: First, let's start off with Charles-Édouard Jeanneret, better known as Le Corbusier......
3: Charles-douard Jeannerete adopted the name Le Corbusier in the 1920's and was born in La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland in 1887. He trained to be an artist and traveled throughout Germany and the East. His mentor was Auguste Perret and absorbed the cultural and artistic life of the cities that he visited | Le Corbusier's earliest work was related to nature and the outdoors, but as him and his ideas matured, he got more involved with modern designs. In 1917 he lived in Paris where he wrote his book "Vers une architecture", which means "Towards a New Architecture"
4: House at Weissenhof- The design was complicated, and the budget was limited. Le Corbusier decided to use the crudest materials—brick, tiles and vaults formed with tiles as shuttering, the roofs covered with grass. The floors and the vaults have an ordinary tile finish, the interior spine wall of unplastered brick runs right through the house. The outside walls are unplastered on the outside and plastered on the inside to avoid condensation. Located in Stuttgart, Germany the house was built in 1927. | Notre-Dame-du-Haut was a more extreme statement of Le Corbusier's late style. Literally, the church is simple—two side entrances, a main altar, and three chapels beneath towers, rough, whitewashed masonry walls, and a roof of beton brut. Symbolically, this small church, which is on a hillside with access from the south, is immensely powerful and complex. Located in Ronchamp, France and built in 1955 | Unit d'Habitation- was Corbusier's most influential postwar structure in Marseilles, 1947-52. The giant, twelve-story apartment for 1600 people is the modern counterpart of the apartment housing plans of the 1920s. Structurally it is simple, a rectangular grid. Through ingenious planning, twenty-three different apartment styles were provided to house single people, and families as large as ten, nearly all with double-height living rooms and big balconies which are a attractive feature
6: Corbusier's influences | One of Le Corbusier's main influences was author, Ebenezer Howard who is known for publishing "Garden Cities of Tomorrow". He believed in a Utopian city were people live harmoniously together and with nature | Another influence to Corbusier was Charles L’Eplattenier. He was a painter and architect. He taught Le Corbusier in art school and had a great impact on what type of architect he would become
7: How he has influenced others | James Stirling was a British architect who is considered to be among the most important and influential architects of the second half of the 20th century. He was one of Corbusier's greatest admirer's | Colin Rowe was a British architectural historian, critic, theoretician, and teacher. He's been acknowledged as a major influence on world architecture and urbanism. He got many of his ideas and urban designs from Corbusier's work | Pierre Jeanneret was a swiss architect who worked with Le Corbusier for 20 years and adapted many of Corbusier's styles and ideas | Le Corbusier has been a great influence on modern architecture and design. His ideas and creativity will be the basis of many designs for years to come. Even though he has died, his idea and spirit will live on in the world of architecture.
8: Next is Cesar Pelli
9: Acclaimed by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) in 1991 as one of the ten most influential living American architects | Acclaimed by the American Institute of Architects, in 1991 Cesar as one of the ten most influential living American architects | Cesar Pelli was born October 12, 1926 and was an Argentine architect known for designing some of the world's tallest buildings and other major urban landmarks. After studying architecture at Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Cesar finished his studies at the University of Illinois. He started his architecture career in hands of architect Eero Saarinen. He emigrated to the United States in 1952 and served as dean of the School of Architecture at Yale University from 1977-1984.
10: The Petronas Towers are skyscrapers and twin towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. They were the tallest buildings in the world from 1998 to 2004, measuring at 1,483 feet. Traditional Islamic design was the inspiration for the floor plans for the towers. Each floor of the 88-story towers is shaped like an 8-pointed star. The two towers have been called "cosmic pillars that spiral heavenward". At the 42nd floor, a flexible bridge connects the two Petronas Towers | Canary Wharf Tower is Britain's tallest building. The Tower forms part of the Canary Wharf development plans of the 1980s, when the Britain decided that the only way for London to develop was to the east, away from the crowded centre. The Tower is a giant, standing 800 feet tall and has a distinctive pyramid-shaped roof, fifty storeys, and 6.6 million square feet of office space. Canary Wharf Tower is designed to reflect the changes of light as the sun moves through the sky
12: Cesar's influences | Eero Saarinen was an American architect and was one of Cesar's greatest influences. He had unique and modern ideas and designs and Cesar wanted to follow in his footsteps | Le Corbusier was also one of Cesar's greatest influences because he grew up watching how Corbusier created and designed many houses and buildings. Cesar loved the urban styles of Corbusier
13: How he influenced others | Cesar Pelli is a big influence on many young architects because of his unique and urban designs. He has changed the face of modern architecture and his design and outlook on creating buildings will be passed on from generation to generation