FC: REconstruction Mixbook Manny Jimenez, Shakoor Sanders, Michael Stanley
1: There were three plans in the reconstruction era. They were the 10% plan, Radical Reconstruction, and Presidential Reconstruction. The 10% plan was meant to reinstate southern states during the civil war It commanded that a state could be restored into the Union when 10 percent of the 1860 vote count from that state had taken an oath of allegiance to the U.S. and pledged to abide by emancipation. The next step in the process would be for the states to formally elect a state government. Also, a state legislature could write a new constitution, but it also had to abolish slavery forever.
2: As for Radical Reconstruction, The Radical Republicans had three goals in there rebuilding after the war. They wanted to prevent the leaders of the Confederacy from returning to power after the war. They wanted the Republican Party to become a powerful institution in the South. They wanted the federal government to help African Americans achieve political equality by guaranteeing their right to vote in the south.
3: In the presidential Reconstruction, Lincoln wanted a policy that would reconcile the South with the Union as appose to punishing it for treason. So, Lincoln offered a general amnesty (which is a pardon) to all Southerners who took an oath of loyalty to the United States and accepted the Unions proclamations concerning slavery. Based on the results of out own reconstruction it would appear that the radical reconstruction plan would work best, therefore I recommend it.
5: Also, there are three amendments that were involved in this era. They were the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments. The 13th amendment outlaws slavery
6: The 14th amendment stated that the Republicans introduced this Amendment because they feared that the Civil rights Act might be overturned in court. This Amendment - Granted Citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States and declared that no state could deprive any person of life, liberty, or property “without due process of law”.
7: And the 15th amendment stated that since their majority was securely established and they had a trusted president in office, congressional Republicans moved on to continue reconstruction. The Republican- led Congress recognized the important suffrage so they passed the Amendment. This Amendment declared that the right to vote “shall not be denied on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude”.
9: I believe that you should not use Black codes because they severely limited the rights of African Americans in the south. Take a look at this information I got from one of my sources “The black codes had their roots in the slave codes that had formerly been in effect. The premise behind chattel slavery in America was that slaves were property, and, as such, they had few or no legal rights. The slave codes, in their many loosely-defined forms, were seen as effective tools against slave unrest, particularly as a hedge against uprisings and runaways. Enforcement of slave codes also varied, but corporal punishment was widely and harshly employed to great effect”.
11: The Freedman's Bureau was a government agency which sought to aid refugees and freedmen during the Reconstruction by means of food, housing, oversight, education, health care, employment contracts with private landowners, reuniting families, and later, as a military court. It was discontinued by President Ulysses S. Grant. I think that, if the circumstances in your nation bring to to this juncture (that is to say, if you ever find yourself trying to reconcile an ex-enslaved group of people,) then I would recommend this practice because it is a tremendous aid to a group which may require it most.
13: Sherman's General Field Order 15 were military orders issued by general William Sherman which, in an effort to help the tens of thousands of black refugees who were a part of Sherman’s army, confiscated 400,000 acres of land for their use. These orders were reversed later the very same year they were issued, by President Andrew Johnson. Again, I recommend (sans it's early termination) this should you ever find yourself trying to correct prior wrongs with a group of people in your nation.
14: The Ku Klux Klan was a white supremacist group which sought to limit the rights of select other groups, such as blacks, republicans, carpetbaggers, and scalawags. I strongly advise you to against allowing such an organization to gain power in your nation, as a gropup such as this which seeks to impose its discriminatory will upon the whole of the country (not infrequently with violence) can do no good.
16: The Port Royal Experiment was a program be during the Civil War in which former slaves worked on land abandoned by their previous plantation owners who were driven away by the Union. The ex-slaves involved with this program demonstrated efficiently their ability to work the land, live independently, manage their time, and even make money. The program was ended in 1865 by President Andrew Johnson and the land was returned to it’s previous owners. Again, I advocate this practice for the same reasons and under the same circumstances as the preceding "Freedman's Bureau" and "Shermans 15th Field Order"
17: President Andrew Johnson was impeached after he attempted to remove Edwin Stanton from the position of Secretary of War and replace him with Lorenzo Thomas, thus violating the Tenure of Office Act. I would advocate a similar course of action should any government official be found to be in violation of your nations policies.
19: The Military Reconstruction Act consisted of four statues passed in 1867 in spite of Andrew Jackson’s attempts to veto them. It created 5 military districts in the seceded states, required congressional approval for new state constitutions, gave voting rights to all men, and said that all former confederate states must ratify the 14th amendment.I advocate this procedure to you should you ever find yourself in a similar position because it's purpose was to enforce practices and laws and this sort of enforcement is a must for successful reconstruction, as well as for general governing.