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Romans Study Guide

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Romans Study Guide - Page Text Content

FC: Follow-Along Study Guide | Created by Pam Payne | ROMANS

1: Presented To: Presented By: Date: | Those who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God | Romans 8:14 NIV

2: Contents | Introduction ..........................................................5 Chapter 1 A People God Called Greetings From Paul.................................................6 God's Good News.....................................................7 God's Anger At Sin....................................................8 Chapter 2 Judge Judy "Excuse You"...........................................................9 "Excuse Me"..........................................................10 Chapter 3 Pick Me, Daddy Skeptical Questions.................................................11 Who's Better?........................................................12 Jesus Took Our Place...............................................13 Chapter 4 Abe and The Rock Faithfully Forgiven..................................................14 Father Abraham.....................................................15 Our Pre-Paid Ticket Home.........................................16 Chapter 5 Set Free Through Faith Jesus Brings Joy!....................................................17 Jesus Vs Abraham...................................................18 Chapter 6 Christian Constitution A Fresh New Start...................................................19 The Do's And Don'ts.................................................20 Chapter 7 Playing The Game Free Agents..........................................................21 Don't Blame The Referee..........................................22 A Guaranteed Win..................................................23 Chapter 8 My Choice Life in the Lord.....................................................24 Life in the Spirit....................................................25 Life in the Family...................................................26

4: Introduction | Paul, the only apostle in the bible actually to be recruited by Jesus after He was resurrected, is the writer of Romans. A oharisee and ferocious persecutor of the Christians, Jesus blinded him on a trip to Damascus, and from that time on he called himself a changed man. Romans was written around 57AD for the Christians, both Roman and Jew, living in Rome. It's original language was Greek as Paul wrote it from the city of Corinth. By his hand, under the guidance of the Holy Spirit, Romans has become the most influential letter in the world. Augustine was one such person influenced as well as Martin Luther. Romans is as important of a letter for us to read today as it was for God's church to read then - why you say? Because these were | 5

5: all new believers, called by God, but enticed by a world of sin. Romans came to the rescue! It lays out 5 basic truths of Christianity, written down so it's always there for you, especially in those weak moments when you need extra strength. These truths are: 1) Man is lost without God 2) We are reconnected to God through Christ 3) How to live our Christian life 4) Jews and Gentiles are both in God's plan 5) The duties of a Christian Romans helps us hold God's word in our hearts so we can take it wherever we go! | Paul wrote most of the New Testament under the Holy Spirit's direction while on 3 missionary journeys between 50-57AD. Those included 1-2 Thessalonians, 1-2 Corinthians, Galatians, and Philippians. In 58AD Paul was arrested in Jerusalem by the Romans for almost starting a riot among the Jews. He was sent to a small cell in Rome where from 61-63 AD he wrote Hebrews, Ephesians, Philemon, Colossians, 1 Timothy, and Titus. In 63AD Paul was released and finally made his way to Spain and then Britain. In 68AD he was arrested again and wrote his last letter, 2 Timothy ( "I have fought the good fight, keep the faith").

6: A People as God Called | Greetings from Paul 1:1-7 | This letter is from Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, chosen by God to preach His good news (1:1) How cool is it that Jesus recorded not only His life for us in the gospels but picked certain people to record things He thought were important for us to know and carry on. Paul tells us in 1:5 that it is our privilege and authority to tell everyone what God has done so they, too, can know Him. In Romans 1:6 the Bible reminds us "you also are among those who are called to belong to Jesus Christ." That's good news for any generation! | TRUTH: | The gospel is the truth and the good news of Jesus Christ | Paul shared his letter with the Romans and many generations. With whom can you share the good news with? | Grace and peace to you from God our Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ. | Romans 1:7b | 7

7: God's Good News 1:8-17 | More good news! Paul continues to tell us things to help strengthen our faith. in Romans 1:8 Paul thanks Jesus for all the Christians in Rome. Rome was not a friendly place for Christians, yet their faith was known and talked about all over the world. In 1:9 Paul reminds us that God knows how often we pray and what we pray about. He pays attention! While Paul was not able to visit Rome due to his imprisonment, he still continued to spread God's word. Despite his circumstances, Paul tells us (1:16) "I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes..." While many would have given up on God in his situation, Paul's faith was strong and eventually he was able to make that trip to Rome. (1:17b) it is written: "The righteous will live by faith." | Paul thanked God for all Roman Christians. Are there Christians that you thank God for? | Was there a time when you, like Paul, were not ashamed and you stood up for Jesus? | TRUTH: | Faith in Jesus gives us direction, peace, and life.

8: God's anger at Sin 1:18-32 | No matter the generation, it seems Paul could be talking directly to them, including us! He says man is able to know the truth about God because God has made it obvious to anyone who wants to know him (19-20) so they have no excuse not to know him. 21-23 tells us how man rejected the truth of God and "Although they claimed to be wise, they became fools." (22) Sound like anyone you know? People began to worship the things God had created as idols so God abandoned them to do whatever their shameful hearts desired. (24) He gives us a choice, then the choice is made. The path away from God led to new ways of sinning like homosexuality. (26-27) It is indeed a dark path without God's light. The sad thing is even though they knew God's justice would punish them to death for the things they did, they still encouraged others to do the same. (32) People haven't changed. They still defy God and want others to do it with them! | How can you bring the light of God to those in your family, friends, and school who are in the darkness? | Homosexuality is accepted in our generation. Why does God speak so strongly against it? | Since creation God has made it obvious to all who seek Him that He is there! | TRUTH: | 9

9: Judge Judy | "Excuse You" 2:1-16 | Paul goes on to say, even though it's true that there are others doing sinful things, it is not our place to judge them. Only God can Judge! Often when we judge we find we are or have done the very same things. In verses 6-10 he reminds us judgment from God will reflect how we treated others and acted in our time on earth. "Glory and honor for those who do good, but trouble and calamity for whoever keeps doing evil, for the Jew and the Gentile. For God does not show favoritism (9-11 NLT) Paul comments even people who don't know God instinctively do what is right MOSTof the time because God has written His word on their hearts. He tells us in 16 to prepare - because weather it's with a wild group of friends your family doesn't know about of just a fantasy in your mind, on that day when Jesus comes back He's going to judge your secret life! | Do you think you have God's word written on your heart? How can you get more of it there? | What is your secret life, and are you ready to leave it behind for Jesus? | God judges according to our actions | TRUTH:

10: "Excuse Me" 2:17-29 | Paul then stressed to the Jews not to think just because of their heritage that they were favored with God. Actually it made them more accountable. They knew God's laws and HE expected them to follow them! It is similar with our Christian beliefs. Not only is God watching but all your non-believing friends are too, just waiting to see what you'll do when the world puts you in a stressful situation. There was an important Jewish rite that took place in Jewish males on, about, the 8th day; this was the ceremony of circumcision. It made the Jew stand out very different than the Roman or Greek as other clutures definitely didn't mess with knives DOWN THERE! The Jew, on the other hand, was proud to be circumcised for God. But in 28-29 Paul reminds us that God would rather we have our hearts circumcised than our men, that way at least we'd spend time and listen to him. Paul also gives some good advice "A man's praise is not from men, but from God." (29b) | God gave certain privieges to the Jews that made them more responsible, We are more accountable to God because He gave us His word! | TRUTH: | What is a situation when you were or were/ were not a Christ helper? | Would you get your heart circumcised for Jesus? | 11

11: TRUTH: | Pick Me, Daddy! | Skeptical Questions 3:1-8 | Paul had just started the comparison between Jews and Gentiles. He starts off by asking, "Since God accepts everyone now, is there any advantage in being a Jew?" He answers, "Great, as they have been trusted with the very words of God!" (2) As Christians we too have advantages, the words of God in our language, moral homes, being told about Jesus. But it's a gift we need to pick up and use; if it sits in a "box never opened" YOUmay be one of those that Jesus tells "I never knew you." In 3:3 Paul admits a fair share of Jews have not been faithful to God, but God still remains faithful to us! Many of God's children, on both sides, think "Now I'm with God, I'll make him look good by looking bad. Why should I study my Bible or go to church, I'll just sin and have fun!" But really, that's like sitting in a dirty diaper. | The Jew held God's word so holy only the Priests could touch it. Do your actions show God your attitude toward his word? How? | What skeptical doubts do you wrestle about with God? Where can you find answers? | God is faithful and patient but just in his wrath! | TRUTH:

12: Who's Better? 3:9-19 | Next Paul asks, "Then who's better, Jew or Gentile?" (9) But God floors us and makes a decision (10-12) "There is no one righteous, not even one; there is no one who understands, no one who seeks God. All have turned away, they have together become worthless, there is no one who does good, not even one." Wow! He told us! Sin is what separates us from God, thoughts and actions. Pray the Holy Spirit would open your eyes and ears to what God is saying to you or you could sit in church week after week and not get it! We're not sinners cause we sin - We sin BECAUSE we are sinners! So God gave us His law so we would have no excuse to give Him on judgment day. It shows were all guilty before God, but Jesus is our 'Get out of jail free' card. | 13 | Every mouth may be silenced and the whole world held accountable to God | Romans 3:19b | How has this study helped you see yourself as God sees you? Ask Jesus to help you with that sin. | Everyone in the whole world is accountable to God and knowing what his word says. This lets me know what I need to change! | TRUTH:

13: TRUTH: | Jesus Took Our Place 3:21-31 | Wow, first we get told no one is righteous and now Paul tells us in verse 23 "All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God." Most people would stop there, but 24 is the treasure, "Yet God declares us righteous through Jesus when He freed us from sin. People are made right with God when they believe He sacrificed His life shedding His blood." So we are made right with God through faith in Jesus! Does that mean we throw out the Jewish laws, that they are no longer needed? Of course not! There is one God, working with Jews and Gentiles, one Savior, one sacrifice. | God will justify all who have faith in Jesus. He will forgive all no matter what they have done. | TRUTH: | We need to forgive as God forgives. Is there a person who has sinned against you, you need to ask God to help you forgive. | God presented his Son as a sacrifice of atonment, through faith in his blood. Romans 3:25

14: Abe and The Rock | Faithfully Forgiven 4:1-8 | Paul tells us Abraham was the founder of the Jewish nation. But what was it that made him so right with God? If it was all the good deeds he did, he could boast to men, but God doesn't work that way. (2) How many religions base their standing with God on good deeds? (Jehovah's Witness, Freemasons, even some Christians.) Scripture tells us "Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness." (3b) That means God looks at us and accepts us not by how many good deeds we do or how many bad ones already some but if we believe in His Son Jesus. The good deeds are just icing on the cake! King David even wrote a poem about how blessed we are when Jesus rids us of sin, just by asking him into our lives! | God sees us as forgiven people once we accept Jesus into our lives | God is a forgiving God when we accept His Son. In what way can you examine your past and ask Jesus to help you forgive others too? | How often do I ask God for direction when making decisions in my life? | TRUTH:

15: TRUTH: | Father Abraham 4:9-22 | So who gets this great blessing? Just the Jews or is it for us all? Well, we found out that Abraham and God were buddies BEFORE Abe was circumcised. Circumcision was an outward sign the Jews had to show God their commitment to Him. In the same way we have rituals today which have meaning to God but don't bring salvation. (wedding rings) So Abraham became the spiritual father of those circumcised (Jews) and those uncircumcised (gentiles) but only if they had his kind of faith. (12) Abraham never stopped believing God's promise that He would make him a father of many nations, even when he and Sara were almost 100 years old! (18-19) He knew God could do anything He promised. Likewise, if God is a promise keeper, we need to be promise keepers. Things are done in God's time and we may need to wait to see the results. | In what area of my life do I need to trust God more? (Family, future, school...?) | Am I trustworthy? | Our faith rests in God who always keeps his promises. | TRUTH:

16: Our Pre-Paid Ticket Home 4:23-25 | Paul again makes sure everyone knows this is getting recorded not just for Abraham's benefit, but ours, that God will count us as all righteous if we believe in Him, the one who raised His Son Jesus from the dead.By believing in Him, Jesus destroyed the power of death over us. We just need to pray occasionally for reinforcements when Satan whispers lies in our ears (maybe hourly or even secondly) | How does my fear of death make me an unbeliever? | In what hopeless situation do I need to strengthen my faith? | He was delivered over to death for our sins and was raised to life for our justification. | Romans 4:25 | The time of waiting here on earth till we go live with Jesus stregthens our faith. It shapes and molds us | TRUTH:

17: TRUTH: | Set Free Through Faith | Jesus Brings Joy 5:1-11 | Paul says we are reconciled with God because of what Jesus did for us. People who are justified and set free through faith have peace with God. What does this mean for us? Christ has given us the undeserved privilege of not only being allowed access to God but welcomed into the throne room, face to face, sharing His royal glory. (1-2) We rejoice, but Paul says we can also rejoice when we run into problems and trials in life. Like building blocks, problems help to build endurance, endurance - strength of character, and strength of character our confidant hope of salvation. God gives us the Holy Spirit to help lead the way (3-5) It's like hanging out with invisible Jesus! Paul tells us He sent His Son to die for us while we were still sinners. Most people wouldn't even be willing to die for a family member, though some might for a really nice guy! But God loved us SOMUCH He was willing to give his only Son as a sacrifice to restore our relationship, and Jesus was willing to die for it! (6-11) Oh how He loves me! | Are you now or have you ever expierenced hard times? What good may you and the Lord pull from these? | Sense I'm excused by God, can I do anything I want now? How do I know what pleases him? | TRUTH: | We are excused by God through faith in Jesus and not anything we do or go through.

19: TRUTH: | Christian Constitution | A Fresh New Start

21: TRUTH:

23: TRUTH:

25: TRUTH:

27: Verses to Remember

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Pam Payne
  • By: Pam P.
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  • Title: Romans Study Guide
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  • Started: over 6 years ago
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