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S: Goldy Moskovits Family Report 2013

BC: Family like branches on a tree we all grow in different directions, yet our roots remain as one.

FC: Roots | Moskovits Family History

3: All About Me | My full name is Golda Moskovits. My name Golda means gold and my last name Moskovits means “son of Moshe.” My family has this last name because my grandfather’s Zaidy's name was Moshe and also because we are leviyim, who come from Moshe Rabbainu. I like to be called by my nickname, Goldy. I am named after my maternal grandmother’s grandmother. Bubbe Golda lived in Europe during World War One. I was born on Aleph Elul (Rosh Chodesh), August 13th 1999, on a Friday morning. I was born in Staten Island hospital. I have five sisters and one brother in my family. Luckily I am the youngest. I resemble a bit of my mother and some of my sisters. I have a sensitive, conscientious personality. My favorite color is navy blue and clothing style is casual wear. My favorite foods are skirt steak and Cocoa Pebbles. For fun, I like to paint even though I’m not good at it, read, talk on the phone with friends, play with my nieces and nephew, bake and go shopping. Since I was very young I love going on scary roller coasters. My so called “talents and hobbies” are baking, kayaking and scrapbooking. I don’t earn an allowance or have specific responsibilities at home, but when I am asked to do something I usually do so. My dream job is to be a marine biologist particularly in the study of Orcas. What had a definite impact on me was when my nieces and nephews were born, since I am the youngest it was my first time really experiencing being around little children. My most vivid memory from my childhood is when I was in kindergarten and I did not let my mother leave me in school, so my sister stayed with me in class for one day. I do not have any memories of being disciplined by my parents. I am sure they told me not do what I did a couple of times. My favorite subject is science and my least favorite is definitely math. I would like to have good grades in school and try my best. Something my parents are proud of is my oral reports that I have done for Mrs. Sperlin’s class. Though it may seem like a small accomplishment, when I was younger I did not speak in public. Now I am more than confident because I tend to talk a lot. I spend my summers visiting my aunt in California, in sleep away camp, and helping my mother with her kiddy camp. My most enjoyable summer activity is kayaking. At the end of the summer my family goes on a small trip for a few days and we also go to Hershey Park. I have been to California, Florida, Montreal, Washington D.C., Philadelphia and the Jersey shore. The best gift I ever got was a gold heart necklace from my siblings and gold earrings from my parents for my Bas Mitzvah. When I was younger I remember going every Sunday with my mother to Boro Park to pick up my gandmother from dialysis. After, we would go to a bagel shop and every week I got the same thing a plain bagel with cream cheese. I look up to my grandparents from both sides. They both had organizations to help needy people. My mother’s parents’ organization is called C.S.S.Y. They send money to poor and needy families for Shabbos and Yom Tov. My grandfather from my father’s side was involved with an organization called Keren Yisroal Aryeh Leib. It is a gemach that loans money that is interest free to Jewish people. Both of my Zeidies would help each other and worked together on their organizations. I would like to take after them and spend my free time helping people.

4: My mother’s name is Faiga. She is named after her father’s mother. My mother was born on Shmini Atzeres on a Shabbos in Brookdale Hospital. My mother has one brother, Benjy Stock, the administrator of Bais Rivkah and a sister Chanie Perelmuter. She is on shluchos in Long Beach, California. My mother attended Bais Rivkah. After finishing one year of Seminary she worked for the shluchim in Long Beach, California. When she came back to New York she taught Pre 1A in Bais Rivkah. At that time she married my father. My mother works in Bais Rivkah Early Head Start. My mother is always busy helping out less fortunate people in our community. I respect my mother because of her devotion to her parents organization, C.S.S.Y. When my grandparents passed away, it did not cross her mind to stop sending money out to poor people. She continued on with the organization. I would like to take after my mother by contributing to this wonderful organization. | My Mother

5: My father’s name is Avroham Yitzchok. He is named after his father’s father. He was born in Jewish Women’s Hospital, on tes vov Elul (August 31 1958.) My father has two sisters Chana Esther Slavin and Leah Yehudis Deitch. My father went to school at United Lubavich Yeshivah on Bedford and Dean. When he was in fifth grade Lubavich Yeshivah moved to Ocean Parkway. When he graduated high school he learned in Morristown, New Jersey for a year; and then went on shluchos to Seattle, Washington. After coming back to New York he got smicha. A friend of my Zaidy Moskovits knew my mother’s family and suggested my parent’s shidduch. On October 4, 1983 my father married my mother Faigy Stock. My father learned in kollel for a year. When my oldest sister was born my father started going to Cope Institute to learn to be a computer programmer. My father and I both have dirty blond hair and blue eyes. My father is very smart and often helps me with my homework. When my Zaidy o.b.m. was sick my father would take tremendous care of him, and now he continues to take care of my Bubby. I respect my father because of his tremendous amount of kibud ov V’aim. I learn from my father to be more like him, and to do what he did for his parents. | MyFather

6: Sara’le is my oldest sister. She is twenty-eight years old, and was born on chof aleph Tamuz, July 21, 1984. She has blond hair and blue eyes. Sara’le is a special education teacher in Bais Rivkah. Sara’le got married to Yossi Geisinsky on December 7, 2005. They have three beautiful children; Chaim Tzvi, Matti and Goldie. I often spend time playing with them. Sara’le is a very organized and caring person. | Sara'le and Yossi

7: Aryeh Leib is my “one and only favorite brother.” He is twenty six years old and he was born on Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan, November 3rd 1986. He has green eyes and light brown hair and his nickname is "Leib". For his shlichus year, Aryeh Leib worked in a yeshiva on the outskirts of a Russian forest near Moscow. Aryeh Leib has been to Ukraine, Romania, Russia, Greece and Latvia to find Jews and help bring them closer to yiddishkeit. Aryeh Leib got married to Mushky nee Klein on November 22nd 2011 and they recently had their first child Leah. Aryeh Leib works at a store called Hasofer, sewing tefillin and checking mezuzahs. Aryeh Leib is very clean an organized person, and you can always count on him to do you a favor. | Aryeh Leib & Mushky

8: Mushky is twenty-four years old. She was born on Yud-Ches Sivan, June 2nd 1988. Mushky has light brown hair, blue eyes and freckles. Mushky recently graduated from Arrojo Cosmetology School. She now works by a wig salon in Crown Heights. Mushky loves spending time in Eretz Yisroel. Mushky got married on January 22, 2013, to Levi Baumgarten from Johannesburg, South Africa. Mushky has a great sense of humor and makes everyone laugh. | Mushky & Levi

9: Tzirl is twenty-one years old. She was born Yud Ches Cheshvan, October 25, 1991. Tzirl has brown hair, brown eyes and freckles. Tzirl is now attending Touro College. She hopes to become a physical therapist when she finishes her schooling. Tzirl toured half of Europe. Tzirl is a very smart girl. | Tzirl

10: Chana Leah is eighteen years old, and was born on Tes Zayin Kislev, November 18, 1994. She has dirty blond hair and green eyes. She is the tallest in my family and the only person in my family with curly hair. She is now attending Bais Rivkah seminary. Chana Leah has a bubbly yet sometimes serious personality. Chana Leah always makes everyone laugh. | Chana Leah

11: Esty is sixteen years old and was born on Rosh Chodesh Taamuz, July 6th 1997. Esty is the sister right on top of me. Esty is now in Bais Rivkah High School in tenth grade. Esty and I tend to fight a lot but after we forget and forgive (sometimes.) Esty likes to be loud and hang out with her friends. | Esty

12: &

14: Bubby Martha | b | My grandmother’s name was Mattel Stock nee Sackolick. She was mostly called Martha. She had an interesting Chassidic background. She was born on Eastern Parkway in Brooklyn to early immigrants from Warsaw, Poland. Her father had learned in Yeshivas Tomchei Temim back in Lubavitch, Russia. She had one older brother, Leibel who was born in Poland. Her parents had three other children that did not survive WWI. Their names were Rose, Pearl and Nachman. My Bubby was very close to her brother Leibel and he was very good to her and took care of her. After completing high school, my grandmother Martha took college courses in accounting. My grandmother’s dream was to be a judge. She was extremely smart and loved doing educational things with her children. Her father, Reb Benzion (my great grandfather) was not pleased that his daughter was attending college and asked the Rebbe to raise his objections with her. After hearing the details, the Rebbe stated that she was not studying Liberal Arts so it was not so bad and allowed her to complete the course. The Rebbe added that he would watch over her. Whenever Martha came into yechidus, the Rebbe would ask her with a big smile, “How are your debits and credits?” In late 1950, when my bubby was only 18, both of her parents passed away. It was very difficult for her and the Rebbe kept in close contact with her. From time to time, she would receive a phone call from the Rebbe’s secretary informing her that the Rebbe wished to speak with her. During yechidus the

15: Rebbe would discuss various matters, including finding a shidduch. Reb Sholom Deitsch, who suggested the shidduch with my grandfather, lived in Norwalk, Connecticut at the time. When the Rebbe received the news of my grandfather and Bubby dating, he immediately responded with a Mazal Tov. When they were getting married they had no money to make a wedding since my grandmother had no parents and my grandfather’s family was poor. My great Uncle Leibel used all of the money his parents left to make my Bubby’s wedding, although he desperately needed to buy a house as he had three children and his wife was pregnant. After my Bubby and “Ta” (as we called my grandfather) got married they quickly gave all their wedding present money to my uncle for a down payment on his house. When my grandfather’s dry good store wasn’t doing well my grandmother wrote a letter to the Rebbe and on the bottom she wrote, “Whatever the Rebbe will decide, your wish is my command.” The Rebbe replied that she should put on a shaitel. Immediately after that, my grandmother started wearing a shaitel. My grandparent’s house was never quiet. There were always people staying there, sometimes they were eccentric people, but my grandmother put a smile on her face and made them feel as comfortable as possible. My Bubby loved to cook and bake, listen to classical music, solve crossword puzzles, and read mystery books. I respect and love my grandmother for her true ahavas yisroel and hachnoses archim.

16: Ta | My grandfather Shimson Stock was born on May 18th, 1929 in New York into an Orthodox family. He was born right before the Great Depression. We call him “TA.” He grew up on the Lower East Side of Manhattan and then moved to East New York. He had four sisters and one brother. His family was extremely poor. They didn’t have running water, heat or wood for a fire so they gather wood that was washed ashore. Despite this poverty issue my grandfather was always happy. My grandfather loved surfing and swimming in the ocean and having fun. He didn't experience any anti-Semitism since he lived among Jews. It wasn't hard to find kosher food but paying for it was the hard part. When he was young he went to a small yeshivah that his father started. Then he attended Lubavitch Yeshivah in Brooklyn. When he was eighteen his mother passed away, it was very hard for him. My grandfather's sister Sara Shemtov was the first student to be enrolled in Bais Rivkah. This created a close relationship between the Stocks and the Friedikker Rebbe. In 1946, my great grandfather met with the Rebbe, who was then referred to as the Ramash. My great-grandfather complained that his son (my grandfather) was very wild and he was concerned about what would become of him and when he would grow up. The Rebbe responded, “I promise you that his children are going to be frum, his grandchildren are going to be frum and his great grandchildren are going to be frum.” My great grandfather replied, “You didn’t say anything about my son!” The Rebbe laughed. One evening when my grandfather was fifteen years old, he made plans to go out with a friend to a movie. His friend was asked to serve the evening meal to the Frierdiker Rebbe and my grandfather was worried that this might delay their plans. The Rebbe (Ramash) sensed my grandfather’s anxiety and suggested that instead of waiting nervously, “Let us learn something together for half-an-hour.” My grandfather looked at his friend and they agreed to cancel their plans for the evening and participate in Ramash’s shiur. This shiur continued every Thursday night, upstairs in the Shul for about six weeks. In the shiurim, the Rebbe would discuss Hashkafa, the Jewish perspective on life issues and how to conduct oneself in a more religious manner. The Rebbe’s approach was always with an emphasis on the positive. The Rebbe explained to them why it was better to be more observant. He also taught certain halochos in Kitzur Shulchan Aruch and concentrated on the topic of refined midos and personal character traits. On one occasion when the Rebbe was distributing kos shel brocho, my grandfather arrived with two of my first cousins. A group of girls approached him outside 770 requesting that he ask the Rebbe that they should find shidduchim. When my grandfather reached the Rebbe, he said to the Rebbe, “Rebbe, I need a shidduchim for a lot of girls”. The Rebbe, looking at the two grandchildren said, “These two?” and laughed. My grandfather said, “No, Rebbe. There are a bunch of girls outside asking for a brocho for shidduchim, so they asked me to ask you.” The Rebbe gave his brocho, and my grandfather who was a shadchan, ended up making over 300 shidduchim in his lifetime. Ta also guided couples in their marriage and on many occasions delivered public lectures on sholom bayis and how to preserve a marriage. He sent out community-wide letters and contributed articles on this and other practical topics to the N’shei Newsletter. In 1961, my grandfather went into yechidus with his family in honor of his son Benjy’s upsherenish. My grandfather merited to many Yechidusen with the Rebbe, on the occasions of birthdays. If my grandfather had an interesting person who was staying with him, he would bring him along to the Yechidus. On this occasion he said to the Rebbe that he was requesting a brocho for just one thing. He wanted that Benjy should be a Chossid and a Lamdan. The Rebbe answered, “Shimshon, you have to show your son how to do it. He can’t do it on his own. You have to teach him. If you will be that way, he’ll be that way”. The Rebbe stressed that a father needs to be a role model.

17: On another occasion, my grandfather and his children had an additional Yechidus with the Rebbe. His children, five and six-years-old, were already attending school. The Rebbe tested my uncle Benjy and my aunt Chanie in their studies. After completing the questions, the Rebbe got up from his seat came around the table and put his hands around my grandfather, saying, “Ken ich dir farheren?” [Can I test you?] My grandfather said, ”Forget it, Rebbe”. The Rebbe said, “It is not right. Epes darfst du lernen [You need to learn something]. After the Yechidus, my grandfather began attending a shiur once or twice a week. Both of my grandfathers attended a shiur every Monday night together. It was the longest lasting shiur in Crown Heights. It recently stopped because most of the participants were not well enough to attend. My grandfather passed away on Purim. Purim is a day when everyone is happy. My grandfather was always happy and made other people happy. On Rosh Hashana 1977, the Rebbe campaigned for a year round organization to help needy families. At that time the money organization was only for Pesach. My grandfather was the first to volunteer and immediately after Rosh Hashana, on Tzom Gedalia, the organization was created. It was called Cheverah Simchos Shabbos V’yomtov, C.S.S.Y. for short. My grandfather set up a table and began collecting money. On each of these occasions my grandfather himself would collect money with his big basket calling out, “We need money.” Before the Rebbe came down to the farbrengen or before the Rebbe came into the shul for slichos, my grandfather would make his round walking on the top of the benches with his basket. Everybody considered it a privilege to throw money into the basket and did so gladly. In later years, regardless of his age and failing health, he continued carrying the load in a tireless way. Once when my grandfather was collecting money the Rebbe passed by, gave a broad smile and lifted both his hands and threw dollars into the basket. Since then, a picture of this scene decorated the basket. The Rebbe would write a check in his own handwriting for fifty dollars each month. Soon after, my grandparents would send food packages to the needy families. In later years, this became difficult and complicated so they sent money vouchers instead. In the 1960’s, people began selling their houses and moving out of Crown Heights. My grandfather was very concerned about the situation. He would come with a group of people to demonstrate in front of the person’s new house in another neighborhood. The real estate companies would use block buster tactics. They would mail notices informing people that their neighbor was in the process of selling his house. In this way they would convince people to sell their homes, too. My grandfather would demonstrate in front of their offices as well. People were also flipping houses for financial gain. This caused difficulty for people who were unable to afford the cost of a home. My grandfather wrote an open letter to the community, telling them to stop this practice and to be more considerate to others. On Yud Alef Nissan 5751, my grandfather gave the Rebbe a brachah and added, “Rebbe, we need you, take care of yourself. You are the only one we have.” The Rebbe responded, “You also have Hashem.” My grandfather answered, “With Hashem I cannot talk”. On Sukkos 5752, the Rebbe stood for seven hours observing every person who walked by and benched on his Esrog. He waited for the last person to have a chance to make the brocho. My grandfather felt uncomfortable with this. He approached the Rebbe and asked the Rebbe to sit down. My grandfather would always look out for people that were hurt in a sense of tragedy. He would make them feel special as if they were his own children. Now that my grandparents passes away we now have a huge “family” of people my grandfather has helped, that we continue to treat as if they are part of our family. I loved my grandfather and I learned a lot from him. I hope I can follow in his giant footsteps!

18: Ta | &

19: Bubby

20: Goldy: What is your full name and where were you born? CP: Chana Fruma Perelmuter nee Stock. I was born in Brooklyn, New York. Goldy: Who were you named after? CP: My mother’s mother. Goldy: How many children are in your family?What number child are you? CP: Three, I am the second. Goldy: Where did you live as a child? CP: First I lived in East New York then my family moved to Crown Heights. Goldy: What was your first house like? CP: It was a very nice house. We had a front room that was the library. There was also a living room that did not have a lot of furniture. The house had 2 bedrooms and 1 bathroom. I don’t remember the back yard but I do remember playing with the neighbors on the street in front of the house. Goldy: What was your best memory with your parents? CP: My father taking me on the subway to the orthodontist in Manhattan, and going out for lunch with my mom. Goldy: How did your family earn money? How did you compare to others were you richer or poorer? CP: First my father had a dry goods store, and then he became salesmen of plastic packaging. As I got older I realized that when I was younger we were very poor, but I did not know because we were very happy. Goldy: Did you know your grandparents? CP: Only one, my paternal grandfather, we called him Papa. Goldy: What where you like as a child? What were your favorite games or books? CP: I loved playing jump-rope. My favorite books were, the “All of a Kind Family” series. Goldy: What kind of school did you go to? What were your favorite subject and least favorite subject? CP: I went to Bais Rivkah which I loved. My favorite subject was recess. My least favorite was math. Goldy: Do you have any vivid memories of your elementary school years? | CP: Yes! Goldy: Did you have any heroes or role models when you where my age? CP: My mother and The Lubavitcher Rebbe. Goldy: How did you spend your summer holidays? CP: We used to rent a tiny house in Rockaway Beach. Goldy: Did most of your family live in the same community? Did you get together on yomim-tovim? CP: The family lived throughout New York. We only got together occasionally for yom tov. Goldy: What did you want to be when you grew up? CP: A shlucha Goldy: What big world events do you remember from when you where an eighth grader? CP: There was a big prison riot in upstate New York. Goldy: What inventions do you remember? CP: A pocket calculator, they were so cool. Goldy: Describe a person or situation from when you were a child that had an effect on the way you look at life? CP: My parents never being down through their hard times. Goldy: What do you think is different from when you where growing up to today? CP: We have too many “errands”. Goldy: What was your first job? Did you like it or dislike it? CP: I worked in someone's home office. I liked it. Goldy: What job did you do most of your life? CP: Preschool Teacher/Director Goldy: What is it like being a shluchah in Long Beach California? CP: It is hard work but very rewarding. Goldy: How did you meet Abba? CP: Through a matchmaker. Goldy: Where did you get married, what was you chasana like? CP: We got married in what is today known as Oholei Torah. I had a great wedding. Goldy: How many children do you have? CP: Six ka”h Goldy: What was your experience of when your first child was born? CP: I had no idea what I was doing. Goldy: What are some special memories of raising your children? CP: We had lots of fun!!! | Interview with Aunt Chanie Perelmuter: | Interviewed on March 21st

21: Goldy: What's something embarrassing that your children did at a young age? CP: They were all suspended from elementary school. Goldy: What was the best part of raising children? CP: Being together. Goldy: How is my mother like me? CP: You both look alike and have the same personality. Goldy: What is it like to be a grandparent? CP: It is the best thing in the world! Goldy: What do you remember when I was born? CP: I remember that when your mother called me I could not stop crying. Goldy: Where have you gone on family vacations? CP: We only went to New York or Montreal to visit family Goldy: What do you say has been your greatest adventure so far? CP: Marrying off my children. Goldy: What are some of your current hobbies? CP: I love reading Goldy: What kind of things makes you happy now? CP: Being with my children. Goldy: What impact did WW1 have on your life? CP: My mother's parents came to America after WW1, they would have stayed in Europe and I would have been born there. Goldy: What impact did the Great Depression have on your life? CP: It taught my parents to be happy with what they have, which they taught me. Goldy: What impact, if any, did World War Two have on your life? CP: Same as last answer. Goldy: What is the most difficult thing that happened to you? And how did you deal with it? CP: My parents’ death. I deal with it by remembering their most important lessons. Be happy with what you have and don't be judgmental. Goldy: What things are most important to you? CP: My family and frumkeit. Goldy: What has been your greatest accomplishment so far? CP: Being happy with what I have. Goldy: What is your happiest or proudest moment? CP: Seeing my children and grandchildren happy. | Goldy: What would you have done differently in your life if you would have known then what you know now? CP: Nothing Goldy: If you could do anything, what would it be? CP: Learn more. Goldy: What do you think has stayed the same about you? What do you think changed? CP: I try to see the good in people. I think I am more reserved. Goldy: If you can go back to any age, which would it, be. CP: I would not go back. Goldy: What advice did your parents or grandparents give you that you remember the best? CP: Be nice. Goldy: What is the best advice you can offer me? CP: You are a great girl and can do whatever you set your mind to do. Goldy: What advice would you give your great grandchildren? CP: Learn about your grandparents so you can be like them. Goldy: What advice would you give them about money? CP: Be happy with what you have. Goldy: Since future generations would be reading this, what do you have to say to them? CP: Same as answer above. Goldy: Is there anything else you would like to say? NO Goldy: How much money were these items when you were a teenager? Then Now | 8 cents 50 cents 5 cents $1.00 36 cents 10 cents | 45 cents $2.50 $3.00 $2.49 $4.00 gallon $1.00 | I learn from my Aunt Chanie many things. One of them is being happy all the time no matter how hard life gets. | Postage stamp Ice cream cone Bread Milk Gas Candy bar

22: Zeidy Moskovits | My grandfather’s name is Chaim Tzvi Moskovits (Hershel.) He was born on Vov Shvat 1929, in Batyu, Czechoslovakia. His life was good until he was nine years old. His parents owned a general store and my Zaidy went to school. In 1938 his town became part of Hungary; who was allied with the Germans. Then life took a bad turn for him and the rest of the Jews in his area. His father was taken as a forced laborer in the Hungarian army because they were fighting with the Russians. His mother had to give up the store like all other Jews in his area. After his Bar Mitzvah he went with his brother to learn in yeshivah in Ungvar,now Uzhgrod, Ukraine. In 1944, they came home for Pesach. Right after Pesach the Germans moved into his city and took all the Jews to a ghetto in a nearby city, called Beregsas. One month later they were all deported to Auschwitz. There they saw Dr. Mengele who pointed to the right for my Zaidy’s younger siblings, mother and grandparents. That meant immediate death. My Zaidy and his older brother were sent to work camps. His older brother was sent to work in a coal mine, and my Zaidy never saw him again. He was killed two weeks before the liberation. My Zaidy went to work on roads; he had to carry one hundred pound sacks of cement. He did this all day and he was only around fourteen or fifteen. One day at work he hurt his hand and was sent to the camp’s hospital. After spending a little time there recovering, he was sent to work in the vegetable garden of the S.S. officers. The work was easier and he got extra food. My grandfather went through many different concentration camps when he was in Lagasha concentration camp in Poland, every second Sunday they didn’t have any work. In one barrack there was a man there was a man who able to smuggle in Teffillin. Everybody would line up and put on Teffillin. The Jews did this all summer long until they were transported to a different camp. The Russians and Americans began to advance against the Germans. The Germans retreated, and forced my Zaidy to march for one night and two days in snowfall until they got to the town of Gilvitz. | This is one of the letters, that my Zaidy"s father wrote to his family when he was drafted to the Hungarian Army. | In the freezing cold they boarded on open cattle car, and for one week straight they were transported to Buchenwald. They got to Buchenwald on a Friday. Out of the ninety people who boarded this cattle car only twenty three arrived. My Zaidy was one of them. They stayed there for a while and they did not need to work. Again the Germans retreated. Two days before Buchenwald was liberated, my Zaidy was taken on a three week, long walk known as the death march. There was no food, just a drop of bread. They ate snails and grass because they were so hungry and needed it to stay alive. My Zaidy said it was the worst part of all his troubles. He made it to Triesenshtat, the show camp. The show camp was a camp the Nazi’s built to show the world. He was liberated there, and stayed for six more days. Then the Russians took him to Prague and he met a few people he knew there.

23: After Prague he went to Budapest where the Jews could go wherever they wanted, but he stayed with the people he knew. They gave them money that was given by the Jewish committee. He met his Uncle there. They sat together at the train station for a week watching the people coming. He watched the people coming out of the train station to see if he knew anyone. A man was staring and my Zaidy and his uncle and was so emaciated that they did not know who it was but then they realized it was my Zaidy’s uncle's oldest brother. They went back home and found three aunts and a cousin that my Zaidy met in Buchenwald. They were so surprised to see him because they thought he left on the last transport before Buchenwald was liberated. That transport was about to leave when the SS came and poured gasoline all over the train set it on fire and killed every person on board. He stayed home for a while and the Russians were in control. They did not like it there so they left to Czeckeslovakia and then to Germany. On February 11, 1947 my Zaidy left Europe on a former military transport ship called the Marine Perch. On the boat the Jews ate bread and sardines. They were very happy knowing they were eating kosher food. However when they got to Ellis Island they found out that the “kosher” bread was baked with lard! The other survivors in his family took a little longer to get to America. When they got to America they joined their Uncle and his family Morris and Sara Simon in Asbury Park, New Jersey. There they began the mission to reestablish the family. Boruch Hashem we now have again hundreds of frum cousins and a frum family here in America. | In my zeidy's later years he visited his hometown with some of his children and cousins they also visited the cemetery were his grandparents were buried. He rode through the streets where he grew up. It was very emotional. The following year he went back. A story that happened with my grandfather and the Rebbe was during the Korean War. My grandfather got a letter from the draft board saying that he would have to be examined and if he would pass the physical exam he would be drafted into the war. My Zaidy wrote a letter to the Lubavitcher Rebbe asking him for a brocha that he wouldn’t be drafted. The Rebbe replied not to worry. The night before the doctor was going to examine my grandfather, he didn’t go to sleep because he was so worried. When the doctor was examining him, my grandfather shook a bit and the doctor saw his numbers on his hand and told him the he would not have to be in the army. My grandfather was part of the committee of Keren Yisroel Aryeh Leib, a money lending Gmach which benefits many Crown Heights families. Keren Yisroel Aryeh Lieb, which is named after the Rebbe’s brother, is one of the Moisdos that was established in the Rebbes 70th year, after the Rebbe made the call to establish 72 new Moisdos. It’s a family minhag to eat celery for Karpas, because that’s what they ate in Hungry. My grandfather would always say, “Tatte Zisse Himmel.”My grandfather passed away on Lag Ba’omer. Lag Ba’omer is a day of Ahavas Yisroel. My zaidy had lots of Ahavas Yisroel and loved to help other yidden.

24: My Bubby’s name is Zelda Raizel Moskovits nee Bukinsky. She was born in a town Wisokie-Mazowietskie, Poland. When the Germans invaded Wisokie-Mazowietskie, my grandmother and her parents fled to the forest. They watched as their city burnt to the ground. This was very emotional for them, because this is where they all grew up. They traveled by train until reaching Siberia. They suffered a lot in Russia,and wondered if the rest of their family was killed or was alive. My Bubby's mother passed away after due to a gum disease surgery that was not finished because they were running away. One day while they were waiting for food rations, Bubby’s father passed away in front of my Bubby's eyes.. Her brother went to get help but got lost. My Bubby was sent to a Russian kinderhaim (orphanage) in Tashkent where they worked very hard in the fields. My grandmother made lots of friends there. They would sing and sew together. After World War II the entire orphanage was brought to France. In France after searching everywhere for my Bubby for a very long time , her older brother, Boruch finally found my grandmother . They both could not believe that the other had survived. Uncle Boruch moved to Israel and she was sent to America. My grandmother traveled to America on a ship called the “The Queen Mary”. After six days, she arrived in the United States on May 1951 on a student visa. However, her papers were not correct so she was sent to a detention center. Her aunt had to come and pay a five hundred dollar bond to get my grandmother admittance to America. My Bubby stayed in Rebbetzin Vyler’s house. My grandmother then rented a small apartment for herself. Her first job was as a cashier for Barton’s candy shop. Then, she worked in a mens clothing factory. After, she sewed watchbands for a company in Long Island. Finding a job was difficult, because people were not allowed to take off for Shabbos. My grandmother learned English by attending a language class for immigrants in Bais Yaakov. Eventually, she married my grandfather, Chaim Tzvi Moskovits and started a family. I respect my grandmother for her courage she had as a young child. She was all alone. Both her parents died early and she moved to a new country not knowing where she would be staying or what job she would have. Yet, she had the courage to do this and start a new life. | Bubby Moskovits

25: Goldy: What is your full name and where were you born? BM: Zelda Raizel Bukinski, I was born in Wisokie- Mazowiekie, Poland Goldy: Who where you named after? BM: I am not sure, perhaps a grandmother. Goldy: When were you born? BM: I don’t know. We don’t know my birthday because it was lost with my papers. I think I was born around 1931. Goldy: How many children were in your family and what number child were you? BM: We had seven children. I am the youngest. One of my brothers fell out the window and passed away. Goldy: What was it like being the youngest? BM: I got many privileges. My mother always took me to the city and my siblings were always jealous of me. Goldy: Where did you live as a child? BM: The name of the street was Berko Yislovich. Goldy: What was your house like, growing up? BM: When I was younger and in my own house I had a small kitchen with a tiny bathroom, salon, one bedroom, and a nice backyard with a river running through it. We had tenants. One day I was by the river and I saw, one of our tenants, a little boy in the river. I ran and told my father, “Fishele (this can mean fish but it was the boy’s name) is in the river!” My father ran and jumped in and saved the boy. Goldy: What was the basic way of transportation when you were young? BM: I never really traveled. I just walked wherever I had to go. But there were buses and in Moscow, they had trains. My mother took me with her to Warsaw, because she had no one to leave me with at home, there she had to use the bus. My brothers were all jealous; they said “she gets to go all over.” Goldy: Did you have any responsibilities growing up? BM: When I lived in Poland, I did a lot. I brought water from the river to wash the wooden floors, cleaned and cooked. My mother’s leg would start hurting every Friday and she would sit on a stool, so I had to come prepare everything for Shabbos. I cut lukshen, made gefilte fish, cut carrots. Goldy: Was there anti-Semitism where you lived? BM: Yes, in my school, the non-Jewish boys used to bully me and the other Jewish kids. I still enjoyed learning. Every Wednesday a priest came to my town and spoke about the “hated people,” the Jews. The townspeople would make fun of me and my family. Before the anti-Semitism, was so bad, there was a Jewish mayor like Bloomberg. He was very intelligent and his wife was a midwife. They didn’t speak a word of Yiddish at home, only Polish but when Poland became more anti-Semitic, they removed him from being mayor. He became a photographer and my parents took me to take my picture but I didn’t know how to smile, I just clenched my teeth. | Goldy: What was medical care like? BM: There was a small hospital in town. If you were really sick, maybe the doctor would come. There were only Polish doctors, no Jewish ones. Goldy:: Where and how were weddings held? BM: They were usually in the house and a small meal. People usually made it on Friday so there can be just one meal. Goldy: What do you remember about your parents? BM: My mother was very busy with chesed and my father would get up every morning for the 5:00 minyan on Shaboss he would say the whole tehillim. Goldy: How did your family earn money? How did you compare to others where you richer poorer? BM: We were very poor. My mother worked very hard to earn a living and my father was a mechanic. Goldy: Did you know your grandparents? BM: I had a grandather and a step- Bubby in Chicago. Goldy: What kind of clothing did you have? BM: Every Pesach we got a new dress and that was it, since we were poor. The seamstress made it and it was very expensive. You had to buy your own material. Goldy: What were you like as a child? BM: I was extremely smart Goldy: What did you do in your free time? BM: I would read in the attic. My siblings and I would bounce the ball on the wall. We also would scrape bricks together and pretend the crumbs were chocolate milk. I loved drawing to. Goldy: What are your favorite books? BM: “War for a fire” and “Twenty thousand leagues under the sea.” Goldy: What was your favorite summer activity? BM: To jump in puddles. Goldy: What kind of school did you go to? BM: I went to a public school for two years, and then I went to a Jewish school called Tarbut. Goldy: Do you have any vivid memories of elementary school years? BM: The non Jewish boys would bully me and the other Jewish children. Goldy: What was your least favorite and favorite subjects? BM: I liked History and Geography and Literature, and I didn’t like writing. I was a horrible speller. Goldy: What was medical care like? BM: There was a small hospital in town. If you were really sick, maybe the doctor would come. There were only Polish doctors, no Jewish ones. Goldy: What is your favorite food? BM: Ice cream. | Interview with Bubby Zelda:

26: Goldy: Did you have any heroes or role models when you where my age? BM: Yes, I had a very good friend. Her name was Menuch Skoronit, she was very kind. Goldy: How did you spend your summer vacation? GM: I didn’t have a vacation when I had my own family we went to the country. Goldy: Do you know the meaning of your family name? BM: Bukinsky is a type of tree. Goldy: Did your family get together on yomim-tovim, what did you do on different yomim-tovim? BM: Yes sure, my uncle would make matzo for my family and for the rest of the community. Goldy: What did you want to be when you grew up? BM: I wanted to be a doctor, but I am afraid of blood. Goldy: What inventions do you remember? BM: none. Goldy: What major event was happening when you were a child? BM: World War II was raging. Goldy: Why did you leave Poland? BM: The Germans were trying to get into Poland and the Polish soldiers were trying to keep them out. Then the Germans won and burnt our city down so my parents and I ran into the forest, we were hiding in the tall grass like Miriam when she watched Moshe. Goldy: Do you remember anything about the journey, boat ride? BM: I went on the Queen Mary. It took six days. The people on it drank from silver goblets. I was so seasick I couldn’t get out of bed to even go to the table to eat. Goldy: Where did you land? What happened when you landed? BM: At Ellis Island. The man there, Deutsch, was an anti-Semite. He sent me and the 2 Jewish yeshiva bochurim to the side. We had to stay at Ellis Island. My aunt had to pay a five hundred dollar bond to get me out but the boys had to stay longer because they had know one to bail them out. Goldy: Did you know anyone else in America when you came? BM: I saw my step-grandmother.My real grandfather was already not alive. Goldy: When you first came, did you stay by anyone or you got your own apartment right away? BM: I stayed by my aunt by St. Johns and New York Avenue, her husband was the custodian of the building there so I stayed there a while. After Barton’s I lived in a furnished room in Williamsburg, South 3rd Street. The landlady thought I took drugs. I came home one day and all the clothing was on the floor, her daughter came and apologized that her mom is a very nervous lady, so I looked for somewhere else. My friend was married to a man, who was with me in France, Poretz. So we knew each other, we went to the same night school and I told her the story. She had pity, she came with me and we grabbed all the clothing from the floor and she said I can stay by her parents. | So I stayed in a little room off the kitchen. I stayed by her a lot of years. If I wanted to eat, I cooked myself. I didn’t have money to eat by restaurants. You earn 25 dollars a week at Barton’s and they took off money for the union. Goldy: What differences did you notice between Europe and America? BM: In Europe I had parents and siblings, and in America I had to start all alone, Boruch Hashem I have a family now with children, grandchildren, and great-grandchilden. In Europe there was a lot of anti-semitism, and in America there wasn't. Goldy: When did you become American? BM: 1951. I think it was May 1951. I received a bill of state and after it I got married so I got a Green Card and from the Green Card little by little I became American. Chana Esther (my aunt) was a baby so I said “Who’s going to watch my baby? Who’s going take care of her while I do it?” But my aunt, Gittel Goldstien, encouraged me a lot, so I did it. They didn’t ask too many questions then: “How do u spell America?”, “What is the capital?” and a question about a senator. Goldy: What was your first job? Did you like it or dislike it? BM: I worked in a chocolate factory on the conveyer belt. The conveyer belt moved too fast for me. Goldy: What job did you do most of your life? BM: I was an assistant teacher in Bais Rivkah Head start. Goldy: How did you meet Zaidy? BM: Through a shadchan. Goldy: Where did you get married, what was you chasana like where was it held? BM: It was in a hall called Grand Paradise. Goldy: how many children do you have? BM: Avrohom yitzchok (my father), Chana-esther and Leah. Goldy: What was your experience of when your first child was born? BM: I didn’t know what to do I had no help. Goldy: What is something embarrassing that they did at a young age? BM: Your father was in school and his teacher was making him eat a potato for lunch but he didn't want it so he stuffed it in his pocket and brought it home. Goldy: What was the best part of raising children? BM: Starting a new family after what happened to my family. Goldy: How is my mother like me? BM: You look alike and have the same personality Goldy: What is it like to be a grandparent? BM: It’s amazing

27: Goldy: Since future generations would be reading this, what do you have to say to them? BM: Take advantage of your easy peaceful life. Name of Item Postage stamp Ice cream cone Bread Milk Gas Candy bar | Cost when Teenager 4 cents 1 cent 8 cents 34 cents 19 cents 5 cents | Cost Now 45 cents $2.50 $3.00 $2.59 a half gallon $4.00 gallon $1.00 | I respect my grandmother for starting a new family life after all that happened to her. I also respect her for how frum she is. | Goldy: Where have you gone on family vacations? BM: Niagara Falls, the Bungalow Colony, Rockaway Beach, Thousand Island and more places. Goldy: What do you say has been your greatest adventure so far? BM: Going to California with my daughter Leah. Goldy: What are some of your hobbies now? BM: Drawing. Goldy: What kind of things makes you happy now? BM: Family simchos. Goldy: What impact did world war one have on your life? BM: I wasn’t born then. Goldy: What impact did the great depression have on your life? BM: We were very poor Goldy: What impact did world war two have on your life? BM: I lost my family, friends and home Goldy: What is the most difficult thing that happened to you, and how did you deal with it? BM: When I lost my family. Goldy: What things are most important to you know? Bm: When everyone is healthy. Goldy: What has been your greatest accomplishment so far? BM: Raising my children. Goldy: What things stayed the same about you? BM: I give tzedakah everyday. Goldy: If you can do anything what would it be? BM: Walk without a cane. Goldy: If you can go back to any age, which would it be? BM: Eighteen Goldy : What advice did your parents or grandparents give you that you remember the best? BM: My mother said to learn well. Goldy: What is the best advice you can offer me? BM: Listen to your parents and be a good student. Goldy: What advice would you give your great grandchildren? BM: Be a good Jew. Goldy: What advice would you give them about money? BM: Use it wisely.

28: Bubby Zelda | After the war, my Bubby was in a children's orphanage. They were in Germany and the home was moving to France. My Bubby had the important job to carry the flag from Germany to France | My grandparents and in the middle is my grandmother's brother Uncle Boruch in his dentist office in Israel

29: Zaidy Moskovits | My Grandfather and his cousin Mottel Simon | My grandfather and his uncle Shmuel Leib Moskovits after liberation

30: Bubby Moskovits's Journey to America | a.Wisoke Mazowietskie b. Siberia c. Tashkent d. Moscow e. France f. New York

31: Zaidy Moskovits's journey to America | a. Batyu, Hungry b. Auchwitz,Poland c. Buchenwald d. Check Republic e. Batyu, Hungry f. New York

32: Papa &Faiga | My great grandfather's name was Yaakov Ephraim Stock, we called him “Papa.” He lived in Alesk, Galicia. His family was extremely poor. His mother died at the age of thirty-two and his father remarried and had another child. In 1908 he moved to America all alone. He met my great grandmother, Faiga Lerner and they got married. They were extremely religious. If my grandfather (his son) would go to shul, Papa would make him freshly squeezed orange juice. His first job was selling prunes when that didn’t go well he opened up a dry goods store. He was a very unsuccessful businessman, yet he was known as an honorable businessman. On Shabos people would come knocking on his door to buy things, but they wouldn’t answer the door even though they had no money. When his wife Faiga Lerner passed away he married a holocaust survivor. In 1962 he moved to Isreal and became a Breslover chossid. Untir today my family and cousins when they go to Israel stay in his apartment on thirty-sixth Strauss Street, in the center of Yerushaliam. He passed away on Chof Aleph Sivan 1976. | My great-grandmother Faiga was born in Primshlan. She came to America via boat with her brother Itcha. She came to America due to anti-Semitism. When she first came, it was very hard to find kosher food. For the last fifteen years of her life she was extremely sick. One Simchos Torah when she was very sick my grandfather wouldn’t leave her bedside. She said, “Shimshon if you don’t go to shul it wont be frailach!” Despite being sick she insisted on him going to shul to make other people happy. She passed away on erev rosh chodesh Cheshvan, when she was fifty-four years old. | Ta's Parents

34: My great grandmother’s name is Chana Fruma Sackolic nee Bick. She was born in Czyzewe, Poland on Febuary 22nd 1902. She had three children in Europe that all passed away, before she came to America. Chana Fruma came on a boat called the S.S. Labourdonnais with her only son Laibel. She was a very good housewife; her home was known to be perfect. She was also a great cook; she won an award for making a wedding cake out of potato salad. My bubby was fifteen years younger than her brother Leibel. | My great grandfather's name was Bentzion Sackolic. He was born on June 26th 1901. He lived in Warsaw, Russia. When he was a bochur he went to learn in Lubavitch Yeshivah. This was a very good yeshivah. He was a very smart person. He became a chossid of the Friediker Rebbe. He came to America because of anti-Semitism. The boat he came on was the Tyrrhenia. His first job was a dried mushroom business in Cincinnati, Ohio. After that he became a successful shochet. He started a glatt kosher meat store in New York. It wasn't very hard to find food in America since he owned a meat store. He lived in the lower east side of Manhattan; he was financially comfortable. He came to America himself and left his family in Russia. He wrote a letter to the Friediker Rebbe who at that time was still in Russia, telling him how things were doing in America. The Friediker Rebbe replied, "Bring your wife, children and parents over to America." They came in 1929. He passed away on Chof Aleph Cheshvan. | Bubby Martha's parents | Bentzion and Chana Fruma

35: My great grandfather's name is Avroham Yitzchok Moskovits, he was born in Batyu,Hungary. He also learned in Batyu. Later he owned a successful general store. It was hard to find food in Batyu at that time. He had a small but nice house. He had nine children. A big struggle then was anti-Semitism. He was drafted into the Hungarian war; he had to do the dirty work. Unfortunately he never returned. | My great grandmother Esther Moskovits nee Wachsburger was born in Fiume, Italy. This is now part of Croatia. Her father was a Rav there he sent her and her sister to Hungary to get married. Esther was a housewife and of a mother of nine children. The oldest was Alter Ben-Zion, then my Zeidy. His brothers were Shmuel Yehuda, Yosef, Benyamin Zev, and his sisters were Liba, Tzirl, | AvrahamYitzhak and Esther | Zaidy Moskovits's Parents | Esther Wachsburger's uncle Arminio Wachsburger had to be Mengele's interpreter when he was taken to Aushwitz, where his wife and daughter were killed. After WW2, he remarried and his daughters, living in Italy, wrote this book about his time in the Holocaust. | Sara, and Bracha. Esther was killed in Auschwitz.

36: Aryeh Leib & Chana Leah | My great grandmother's name was Chana Leah Bukinski nee Goldstein. She was born in Poland. She had seven children: Yitzchak, Yona, Esther, Boruch, Moshe, Mordechai, and Zelda. My grandmother always said she was a tsadekis. She would beg the school administrator's to keep her kids in the Jewish school since they couldn't pay. She passed away in Siberia. | My great-grandfathers name was Aryeh Leib Bukinski. He worked as a mechanic. During his time there was lots of anti-Semitism and his family was very poor. When he was running away from his town with his wife and children, because the Nazis yimoch shimom were coming, he turned around and saw that the Nazis killed his friend. Although they were hiding in the forest, he carried his friends body and gave him a Jewish burial. Unfortunately my great-grandfather didn't have a Jewish burial. He passed away in Tashkent during World War Two. | Bubby Zelda's parents

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