BC: By Sulon Moody
FC: Sociology Final Project
1: 25 Events in Recent U.S. History
4: April 1993 - "Waco Confrontation-On April 19, 1993, the ATF launched an assault on the headquarters of David Koresh in Waco, Texas. Koresh ordered his disciples to kill themselves and set the compound on fire. Eighty-six people died."
6: September 1993 -"The United States played a small, but vital role in the agreement reached between Israel and PLO. The agreement, called "Oslo I," was signed at the White House. Two years later, "Oslo II" was signed in Washington, as well. Six weeks after the signing of Oslo II, the Israeli participant, Prime Minitser Yitzhak Rabin, was assasinated by a Jewish zealot opposed to the peace agreement."
10: November 1994 -Republicans Control Congress-In the mid-term election, in November 1994, the Republicans gained control of both houses of Congress. The major campaign was a document called the "Contract With America," whose major features called for balancing the budget and welfare reform.
13: January - April
14: Roughly around January 1995 - Mexican Bailout-President Clinton invoked emergency powers and granted a $20 billion loan to bail out Mexico. The loan was controversial, but Mexico repaid the loan early, and the loan averted a major financial crisis.
16: April 1995 - Oklahoma City Bombing- A truck bomb exploded in front of the Federal Building in Oklahoma City. The bomb was set by Timothy MacVeigh and Terry Nichols. 168 people were died in the bombing, MacVeigh was convicted and executed. Terry Nichols is now serving a life term. The bombing represented what had been a growing anger at the government by groups of extremist. The effect of the bombing however, undermined whatever support these groups might have had
20: November 1996 - Troops to Bosnia- On November 1st at the Wright-Patterson Air-force Base outside Dayton, Ohio, to negotiate a peace settlement. The Dayton Accords were initialed twenty days later, thus effectively bringing about a conditional end to armed hostilities. The accords were reinforced with 15,000 American ground troops, whose introduction assured that the ceasefire would be observed by all sides, in an effort to construct a stable political system in the troubled region. While the introduction of American forces did not bring about a permanent peace in Bosnia, it did end the carnage that had gone on for four years. In their first year of deployment in Bosnia, American troops suffered no combat deaths, and were engaged in no active fighting
23: August - December
24: August 1998 - US Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania Bombed-On August 7 1998 the US Embassies in Dar-Es Salaam, Tanzania & Nairobia Kenya were bombed. Two embassies were bombed at the same time by truck bombs. The bombings were the work of a local cell of Al Qaeda. Al Qaeda was led by Osama Bin Laden 213 people were killed in Nairobi including 12 Americans. In Dar-Es Salam 12 people were killed. In response President Clinton ordered cruise missile attacks on suspected Al Qaeda targets in Sudan and Afghanistan.
26: December 1998 - “President Clinton was impeached by the House of Representatives in a straight party-line vote. The President was accused of lying to a Grand Jury and giving false testimony in his deposition in the Paula Jones lawsuit. Paula Jones accused the President of improper advances while he was governor of Arkansas, and the President was accused of lying about his affair with Monica Lewinsky. When the case went to the Senate, the Senate voted to acquit on a vote of 50 to 50; 66 votes were needed to find the President guilty.”
29: March - June
30: March 1999 to June 1999 - The United States led NATO forces in a successful air campaign against Yugoslavia. The campaign's aim was to force the Yugoslavs to withdraw their forces, that were engaged in ethnic cleansing, from the province of Kosovo. After 78 days the Yugoslavs agreed to withdraw. NATO forces replaced the Yugoslavs in Kosovo
33: January - October
34: January 2000 - The Internet bubble reached its tops when on January 10th, 2000 America Online, announced the purchase of Time Warner Communications. Time Warner was both a larger company in terms of sales but with the Internet bubble at the top AOL's stock was valued at twice that of Time Warner. By the time the sale was consummated the bubble was over. It was clear that the stockholders of Time Warner had come out the losers
36: October 2000 - USS COLE Attacked by in Yemen-On October 12th 2000 the USS Cole a Guided Missile Destroyer was attacked while on a refueling stop in Aden. The ship was attacked by suicide bombers in a small inflatable boat which came alongside them then detonated. The attack was the work of the Al Queda led by Osama Bin Ladin. 17 soliers were killed and 36 were wounded.
39: May - December
40: May 2001 - US Congress Passes 1.35 Trillion Dollars Tax Cut-On May 25th 2001 the Congress Passed a $1.35 Trillion tax cut which had been proposed by President Bush. The tax cut gave immediate rebates of $500 to single filers and $1000 to joint filers. It lowered almost all rates, dropping the highest rate from 39.6 pct to 35 pct. It dropped the lowest bracket to 10%.
42: September 2001 - On September 11th 2001 four groups of terrorists from Al-Qaeda, hijacked four aircrafts. The first two crashed into the World Trade Center in New York City, the third crashed into the Pentagon, the fourth crashed into a field in Pennsylvania. The first aircraft, American Airlines Flight 11 crashed into the North tower of the World Trade Center at 8:46AM. At 9:03 United Airlines Flight 175 crashed into the South Tower of the WTC, At 9:37 American Airlines Flight 77 crashed into the Pentagon. AT at 10:00 the fourth plane that was also heading for Washington crashed into a field in Pennsylvania at 10AM after the passengers attempted to take back control of the plane. Those passengers had heard by phone of the fate of the earlier aircraft.
44: October 2001 - "US Leads Assault on Taliban in Afghanistan-Osama Bin Laden had based his operations in Afghanistan since 1996. After the attacks on the Twin Towers & Washington D.C. by Al-Queda the U.N. Security Council issued a resolution demanding the Bin Lend be turned over to the United States. President Bush in his address to Congress on September 20th demanded that the Taliban who governed Afghanistan turn over the Al-Queada members who were in Afghanistan including Bin-Laden. When they refused the US together with members of NATO began a campaign to remove the Taliban from Afghanistan and capture members of Al-Qaeda. On October 7th NATO forces began air assaults on Taliban and Al Qaeda targets."
46: December 2001 - Enron Declares Bankruptcy- The Enron Corporation declared bankruptcy on December 2, 2002. Enron had been the 7th largest corporation in the US. It had expanded rapidly from a pipeline company through a series of acquisitions. It financed its growth with off the books structured financing. By the time the company declared bankruptcy much of its actions seemed no different than a Ponzi scheme. Its chief financial officer, his wife, other employees and the chairman of the board Ken Lay were all charged with crimes for their actions that they took at Enron.
49: October - December
50: October 2002 - Congress Authorizes Force Against Iraq-On October 11th 2002 the US Congress passed a resolution authorizing the President to use force against Iraq if it did not abide UN resolutions and disarm. The House passed the resolution by 296- 133 and the Senate passed it 77-23. Many didn’t completely support going to war with Iraq. Those who supported the resolution believed the only way to convince Saddam was to disarm short of war.
52: December 2002 - United Airlines Declares Bankrupcy-On December 9th 2002 United Airlines, the second largest US airline sought protection under a Chapter 11 filing. The filing the largest ever by a US airline resulted from continued losses some stemming from the September 11th attacks and difficult competition from low cost carriers such as Southwest Airlines.
55: February - August
56: February 2003 - Shuttle Columbia Disentegrates-On February 1 2003 the space shuttle Columbia disintegrated during reentry. Columbia had completed a successful 16 day science mission. Columbia was doomed from a few moments after launch when a large piece of foam that insulated the fuel tank broke off and hit the leading edge of the shuttles wing. Killed on the shuttle were Rick D. Husband the mission commander, Laurel B Cool the shuttle pilot, and mission specialists, David M Brown, Michael P Anderson, Laurel B Clark, Kalpana Chawal and the Ilan Ramon, the first Israeli astronaut.
58: March 2003 - US Launches Attack on Iraq-On March 19, 2003 President Bush a surprise attack to try to kill Saddam Hussein and his top aids. With that attack the war was launched and within a day. By April US army troops were in Baghdad and the regime of Saddam Hussein had come to an effective end. On May 1st President Bush announced the end of major combat operations. In this which turned out to be only the first phase of the war 138 US military personnel were killed.
60: August 2003 - The Northeast Blackout of 2003 was a massive widespread power outage that occurred throughout parts of the Northeastern and Midwestern United States and Ontario, Canada on Thursday, August 14, 2003, at approximately 4:11 p.m. EDT. At the time, it was the second most widespread electrical blackout in history, after the 1999 Southern Brazil blackout. The blackout affected an estimated 10 million people in Ontario and 45 million people in eight U.S. states.
64: July 2004 - 9/11 Commission- On July 22, 2004 the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, otherwise known as the 9/11 Commission issued its final report. The nonpartisan commission which was created after a public demand by family members of the victims of the attack report provided a vivid account of the event of 9/11 as well as the many government failures made it possible. The committee called for a complete overhauling of the US intelligence agency.
68: August 2005 - Hurricane Katrina Hits Gulf Coast Flood News Orleans-On Monday August 29th 2005 hurricane Katrina was a strong category 4 storm that struck the Gulf Coast near the mouth of the Mississippi River. The storm brought widespread devastation to the Gulf Coast where it struck, flattening towns and destroying much of what was in its path. 48 hours before the hurricane hit the mayor of New Orleans ordered a mandatory evacuation of the city. The hurricane didn’t make a direct hit on New Orleans and initially there was a sigh of relief that the city had been spared the worst. Tuesday however two of the levees protecting the city gave way, totally flooding the city and trapping scores of people.
72: August 2006 - Hamdan vs Rumsfeld-The Supreme Court rejected the position of the Bush Administration that they can hold terrorist without due process and without the protection of the Geneva Accords. The court in a 5-3 ruling stated that detainees at Guantanamo Bay were entitled to be tried either under the rules of a military trail or other rules that approved by Congress but not by rules unilaterally set up by the executive branch. The ruling also stated that the Geneva Accords on prisoners apply to terrorist as well. The ruling was the most extensive rejections of Presidential power in a generation.
76: June 2008 - Obama Democratic Nominee- Senator Barak Obama Clinched the Democratic Nomination for President on June 3, 2008. Obama began his campaign as a long shot candidate, with Senator Hilary Clinton the presumptive nominee. That ended in the first contest when Senator Obama one the Iowa caucus. A long campaign followed in which Obama won more delegates and states, but Clinton won most of the largest states. Obama's campaign raised much larger sums of money then the Clinton campaign, and was initially very successful in getting out his message of change. Clinton won most of the later contests but was unable to overcome Obama's lead in delegates. On June 3rd Obama became the presumptive nominee and thus the first African-American candidate from a major party for President.
80: January 2009 - The Inauguration of President Barak Obama-On January 20th 2009 President Obama was inaugurated the 44th President of the United States. Close to 2 million packed the mall in Washington to watch the inauguration of the first African American President in American history. President Obama defeated Republican Senator John MCain to win the presidency. The inauguration took place one day after Martin Luther King Day. Like all inaugural days this one was full of excitement and ceremony, and the President went on to watch the complete inaugural parade.