FC: why the English civil war started?
1: On 22 August 1642, King Charles I declared war against his enemy's in parliament. this led to a civil war where 1 in 10 men died. a civil war is where people from the same country fight each other. in this book i am going to tell you about the reasons why the war started. | Introduction
2: 1625: Charles marries a catholic 1627: Charles decorates English churches like catholic church 1629: Charles runs Britain without parliament 1635: Charles raises a tax called ship tax 1639: People who payed taxes went on strike
3: Many people in England wouldn't have liked these events because when King Charles I married she would become queen and their children will most probably be catholic and England will become a catholic country
4: Short term causes We have seen that by 1640 parliament and the king had fallen out, the situation was like a bomb waiting to go off. All that was needed now were events to light the fuse. These sparks were short term causes of civil war.
5: Military – Parliament takes over the running of the army from Kings Charles I Power – Parliament ordered the king to give them more power and take away power from Charles's friends. Imprisoned – Charles tries to arrest 5 MP’s in the House of Commons. This made MP’s hate Charles even more. Religion – The MP’s fall out in parliament over religion. Some want England to be puritan, whilst others want things to stay the same.
6: On august 22nd 1642 the bomb waiting to explode blew up!! England was at civil war! We have shown that there are many reasons why this has happened which can be summed up under three headings. | In my opinion the most important cause of the civil war was religion because people wanted to have only one religion in England which was Anglican. When Charles married his catholic wife people were scared that England would become Catholic.
7: Power: Parliament takes over army. Parliament orders Charles to give them more power. Charles tries to arrest MP’s. Money: Parliament refused to raise money. Fine for accepting knighthood, fine for not accepting knighthood (both $100) Ship tax Religion: Charles marries catholic. Argument over religion in parliament.