FC: The Slave Trade In Africa
1: The African slave trade began in the 1500s. Europeans had previously used Native Americans as slaves but many died so they thought that Africans would be able to survive in the hot climate. Slavery in Africa was much different from slavery in America. In Africa slaves were treated like one of the family. If they did well while in slavery they might inherit their master's property.
2: Europeans started going to Africa. Communities were raided and as many as 60,000 Africans were taken away every year. The middle passage was a long and brutal trip. Many Africans died from disease and others got sick from the smells of vomit, urine and sweat. While on the ships the Africans had only 18 inches
3: of space to sit. After arriving in America the Africans were sold to people waiting there. As slavery grew, so did racism. There were people against slavery and some tried to abolish it. In 1807 Britain outlawed slavery and eventually some other nations did as well. However, it didn't stop many
4: people from still unlawfully shipping Africans over to America. Over time European nations began to industrialize and slaves weren't needed as much. Europe needed the raw materials found on Africa more than the people. The slave trade slowly ended.
5: 400 years of slavery had some major effects on Africa. It caused wars and tensions between communities. Many of the villages had fallen apart because the slavers took the strongest people and there was no one to keep the places alive. Some Africans did make it back to Africa after they were granted freedom but most would find that Africa was a very different place. There was a good chance that they would get back to find their homes and people were gone. African needed to be re-built.
6: Works Cited | "World Cultures: A Global Mosaic", Achmad, Brodsky, Crofts, Gaynor. Pages 93-96. (c) May 2003. "Atlantic Slave Trade", Wikipedia.com. Last Modified 11/4/2011.