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The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade

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FC: The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade | Sharon sf108658

1: Slavery has existed since ancient times. Why are people slaves? | -Slavery was traditionally used in Africa as punishment for crimes such as kidnapping and adultery. -Some people sold themselves into slavery during times of famine. -Prisoners of war were often used as slaves. -As the demand for slaves grew, traders began kidnapping men, women, and children to sell into slavery.

2: This old picture shows that slavery existed even in ancient Egypt.

3: How were slaves treated? | -In Africa, slaves were usually treated kindly, in some cases, even as family. They were given fairly simple household tasks to do -In Europe and America, though, slavery was very different. Slaves were treated badly and many died from abuse or malnutrition.

4: What was The Middle Passage like? | -Conditions on the ships were terrible. -Many died in the airless holds. -Men had only about 18 inches to sit. -People puked and went to the bathroom wherever they were. -There were tubs in the ships for toilets, but they were hardly ever emptied and smelled horrible. Sometimes children fell in them and drowned.

6: Africans were plucked right from their homes and taken to the slave ships. | They were forced into the ships' holds and had to stay there until they arrived at their destination.

7: This map shows all the places the African slaves were taken after they were uprooted from their homes.

8: -On board, some Africans tried to organize rebellions. Some succeeded. Many failed and were beaten for their efforts. -Others jumped overboard to avoid a life of slavery.

9: What affect did the slave trade have in Africa? | -In Some parts of Africa, the slave trade had little or no impact. In other areas, however, it disrupted whole societies. -It sometimes encouraged wars and increased tensions among neighboring peoples. -In West Africa, the rulers of the Ashanti and Dahomey attacked their neighbors to take slaves. They exchanged slaves for guns, which they then used to dominate trade and build strong states.

10: What was the African Diaspora? | -The slave trade sent millions of Africans overseas. This scattering of people, called a diaspora, brought great suffering to those who were taken captive. -The survivors struggled to hold on to their culture. The African diaspora spread the ideas, customs, and beliefs of African peoples to other regions of the world. Today their music, proverbs, foods, religious beliefs, and artistic styles are found everywhere around the world.

12: Work cited: | Pictures: | http://www.gilderlehrman.org/historynow/09_2010/images/history3_large.jpg http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/slavery/slave-ship-2.jpg http://thesocietypages.org/socimages/files/2011/01/01.jpg http://www.awesomestories.com/images/user/842d548028.jpg http://www.recoveredhistories.org/images/passage-02.jpg http://www.findingdulcinea.com/docroot/dulcinea/fd_images/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--Amistad-Captured-Off-Long-Island-Coast/news/0/image.jpg http://news.bbc.co.uk/media/images/42554000/jpg/_42554043_congo1890_getty.jpg http://percaritatem.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/egyptian-slavery_01.jpg http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_hzRqLlVv0VI/TUcANwXXOGI/AAAAAAAAADU/WTTvozPP_rU/s1600/women-african-savannah.jpg http://todaygh.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/african-culture-2010-4_1.jpg

13: Text: | -World Cultures book -Oladuah Equiano Document

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