1: Last March, while teaching in Myrtle Beach, S.C., I visited Freewoods Farm, a living museum that replicates black farm life from the end of the Civil War to the turn of the century. I took many pictures, and eventually used them to develop acrylic portraits of buildings on the farm. I enjoy working from photos; I have two copies enlarged, one in color to match acrylic paints to, and the other in black and white to emphasize shadows. Here we see the tobacco barn from Freewoods Farm, which is an authentic relic from the era. | PREPARATION | Use a roller or large flat brush to paint the canvas with two coats of Titanium White, allowing drying time between coats. Trace the design onto tracing paper using an ultra-fine black permanent marker. Position your tracing on the canvas and tape down one edge. Place and tape a piece of waxed paper on top of the design. Slide your graphite under the traced design, and trace using a stylus. You might have to press hard for the lines to show up, unless you are using a new sheet. | LET’S PAINT | Thin Hauser Green Medium and stipple on foliage areas using a no.12 flat brush. Thin Asphaltum, | COLOR MIXES | Brown Mix: Burnt Umber+Pure Black (2:1). Dark Green Mix: Olive Green+Wrought Iron (2:1). | Pat Smelkoff | Surface | Palettes | Brushes
2: Thin Barnyard Red, and wash in the chimney. Thin a mix of Asphaltum+Pure Black (2:1), and wash in the bottom of the barn. Add more Pure Black to this mix and fill in the shadow areas under the eaves. Use thinned Olive Green+Teddy Bear Tan (2:1) to wash in the posts of the barn. Paint the top of the barn, wheel spokes, bundle sacks, and railings with Vintage White. Add plank lines to the top of the barn with Asphaltum+Pure Black (2:1). Wash the roof with Dove Gray. Dampen the ground. While wet, wash in areas of color using the photo as your guide. The colors used are Clay Bisque, Olive Green+Teddy Bear Tan (2:1), Hauser Green Medium, Asphaltum, and Burnt Sienna. Paint in the sky with Baby Blue. Go over the trees, but not the barn. While the sky is still wet, you can add a cloud with a small piece of dampened sea sponge and Titanium White. Dry. Wet the sky, and float tints of Cobalt Blue. Go along and above the tree line. While wet, add Gray Plum shadows for the future white trunks and the pine trees. | LET’S PAINT | Thin Hauser Green Medium and stipple on foliage areas using a no.12 flat brush. Thin Asphaltum, | Supplies | Supplies
4: Light Green Mix: Olive Green+Yellow Light (2:1). Red Mix: Barnyard Red+Asphaltum (2:1). | Barn | Reinforce the shadow areas under the eaves and behind the bundle sacks with the Brown Mix. Also add this mix in between the wheel spokes and in the dark areas of the horizontal poles. With a no. 6 flat brush and Brown Mix, float colors to create planks on the bottom of the barn and to create the doorway. Dry. Wash over the wheel spokes and the bundles with Burnt Sienna. Dry. Add Vintage White highlights to the spokes and the bundles. | Barn | Paint the chimney with Red Mix+Titanium White (1:1). Use Vintage White to paint in the brick pattern. Dry. Use a wash of Red Mix to paint in the chimney seen under the roof. Dry. Use the Red Mix+Brown Mix (1:1) to paint in the wagon. | BARN POSTS | Paint in with Olive Green+Teddy Bear Tan (2:1). While wet, pick up Vintage White on one side of a dirty no. 6 flat brush, and float highlights on the right sides and along the bottoms. Dry. Wash over some areas with Burnt Umber. Paint the chimney with Red Mix+Titanium White (1:1). Use Vintage White to paint in the brick pattern. Dry. Use a wash of Red Mix to paint in the chimney seen under the roof. Dry. Use the Red Mix+Brown Mix (1:1) to paint in the wagon. | Paint both the upper and lower roof with a mix of Country Grey+touch of Asphaltum. Dry. Using a liner and Brown Mix, scribble in the roof tiles. Dry. Float highlights of Dove Gray on the roof tiles. Dry. Float shadows of Burnt Umber on the roof tiles. Dry. On the left side of the lower roof float a shadow mix of Dark Green Mix+Pure Black (1:1). | ROOF | SECOND STOREY | Paint the chimney with Red Mix+Titanium White (1:1). Use Vintage White to paint in the brick pattern. Dry. Use a wash of Red Mix to paint in the chimney seen under the roof. Dry. Use the Red Mix+Brown Mix (1:1) to paint in the wagon.
5: TREE TRUNKS & BACK- GROUND | Shadow the left sides of the tree trunks with floats of Brown Mix. Dry. Float above the ground line with Asphaltum. Dry. Float again with Burnt Umber to darken. Repaint the tree trunks with Asphal-tum. | TREES | Green Mix in the shadow areas of the trees. Dry. Use a liner to darken the shadow areas with pine needle strokes of Dark Green Mix+Hauser Green Dark (1:1). Above these strokes add a layer of Hauser Green Medium, then Hauser Green Light. Dry. Use Raw Sienna on the light areas of the tree needles. Dry. See page 43 for shapes and color progressions. Float a wash of Wrought Iron over the trees, making it heavier in the shadow areas. Dry. Float Brown Mix in the darkest ar eas. Use Hauser Green Light+Green Mix (1:1) to highlight the tips of the pine needle clumps. Dry. You might have to wash over the light areas again with Raw Sienna | GROUND | Dampen the ground. While wet, use a scruffy brush to stipple in Burnt Sienna, Hauser Green Medium, Clay Bisque, and Burnt Umber. Dry. Spatter with thinned Burnt Umber. | DETAILS | Add finishing details with your favorite liner. Use Vintage White for some tree trunks and branches. Add background branches of Burnt Umber. Add pine needles to the lower roof, using your liner brush and the colors used in the pine trees, emphasizing the brown. Sign and frame | Did you know...? | Permission to photocopy designs published in the Decorator Painter is prohibited unless approved by Decorator Painter.