BC: To learn more about wetlands and the different habitats got to EPA.gov/wetlands Wetlands By: Jacob Griffin
FC: Wetlands | By: Jacob Griffin
1: Wetlands Jacob Griffin November 7, 2011 Jay M. Robinson High School EES Mrs. Knight
2: Fen Wetlands that are fed by ground water , but even though they look like bogs they are very different. Bogs are bubbly due to high acid levels whereas fens because they are fed by the ground water they do not have very high acid levels. | Swamps, Marshes, fens and bogs are the four main types of wetlands here are some examples of each
3: Marshes ( nontidal ) Are wetlands that are very forested areas and they are fully covered in water and grass. | Marshes ( tidal ) are found in very protected coastlines some are fresh water and they are influenced by the shore line and tides
4: Swamps are very forested and very wooded wetlands. However they are very nutrient rich places that is why they are so plant dominated.
5: Bogs are very spongy places filled with a lot of grass like stuff called peat which is broken down vegetation. Peat is one reason why bogs are so filled with acid.
6: These are the four types of wetlands Swamps, marshes, bogs, and fens. Here are some plants and animals that live in bogs | This is a pitcher plant found mainly in bogs and marshes. They are a type of plant that eat bugs and other insects by making them fall in. It then digests them by slowly breaking them down.
7: This is a venus fly trap a carnivorous, ( it eats insects), plant that is found only in bogs and very muddy places. Animals like flies and caterpillars get stuck under the plant it then closes making no way to get out and slowly breaks them down and digests them.
8: This is a mud salamander a type of lizard that lives in bogs and very wet wooded places
9: This is a black bear that lives only in wooded places and where there is a lot of fish. Bogs are covered by water and grass a perfect hiding place for fish and other aquatic animals
10: This is a lady's slipper a flower that grows in bogs, fens and wet places with a lot of light. Also the state flower of Minnesota. | These are a couple plants and animals found in fens
11: This is a cypress tree or cypress stump a tree that lives mainly in swamps, but also lives in fens
12: This is a toad an animal that is amphibious it can live on land or water. Toads keep their body moisturized to survive unless they are born into a dry habitat so fens and other wetlands provide a perfect place for them to live
13: This is a Northern water snake a snake that lives in water and is a very cautious snake it only comes out of hiding to attack and eat their prey. So fens and swamps provided grassy clumps and many hollowed out tress for them to hide in and a lot of fish and frogs to eat
14: Now we move on to a couple plants and animals for marshes tidal and non | This is a pickerel weed a weed that lives in marshes because of the wetness and very rich soil. The weed as you can see is known for it's blue leaves. | This is a fox glove a tidal marsh plant the pickerel weed is non tidal the fox glove is a rare plant that can only be found in fresh water
15: This is a cattail or reed found in bogs mainly, but also in marshes and swamps. | This is a swamp rose a very uncommon flower found in tidal marshes the rose in uncommon because it lives in swamps, but some are found in marshes which is why they are rare.
16: This is a muskrat a rat that lives in marshes near cattails. They use cattails to make their homes similar to the way a bird makes their nests. (nontidal) | These are great egrets a very rare bird that are found in marshes (tidal)
17: This is a mink a predator of musk rats they prey on them in the day and sleep at night in homes also made by cattails. Or burrows they have dug (nontidal) | This is a clapper rail a bird that is more commonly heard than seen (tidal)
18: This is the final set of plants and animals they are from the swamp | This is called skunk cabbage. Mainly because of the ill-smell to it many people mistake it for a skunk!
19: This is a swamp, but in the picture is something I have already shown you a cypress tree I redid it because the cypress is the most common plant in swamps.
20: This as you probably know is a gator the most commonly know animal in a swamp. The alligators are also amphibious and swamps produce water to their liking and some gentle rays of sunshine when it wants to lay in the sun and get comfortable
21: This is a prothonotary warbler a bird native to swamps and bogs. The swamps dead trees and just the number of trees in a swamp allow many hiding places for insects perfect for this tiny bird.
22: You are probably wondering about well all this about wetlands and nothing about what they do? The wetlands not only provide a habitat for many endangered species, but it also holds water like a sponge which means the land around that area will not be flooded so easily. So wetlands protect the surrounding lands from flooding.
23: As much as we all hate to say it many wetlands are being destroyed due to the clearing of land because the land is so flat and cheap. They can build buildings, parking lots, and houses on it and do not even care about the animals there or what it means to the land around it.
24: As I said before the wetlands are being destroyed and they prevent flooding so not only are people making themselves more open to flooding, but they are killing many innocent animals that are rare and people wonder why so many animals are endangered we are clearing out their habitats and homes.
25: So finally the last question is what can be done to stop it? We can pass laws to stop the destruction of wetlands or help stop the increasing production of roads, buildings, parking lots and on and on and on. Those might not help forever, but it still is better than doing nothing and feeling sad for those poor helpless animals.