FC: Jennifer Drye | Wetlands
1: Wetlands Jennifer Drye November 7, 2011 Jay M. Robinson High School EES- Mrs. Knight
2: Swamps | Swamps are formed from the water table being close to the surface. This prevents water from penetrating to the ground. Swamps help prevent floods and helps removes unwanted nutrients. | They are mostly found in low areas near lakes or rivers
3: Animals that live in swamps are the Prothonotary Warblers, and river otters | The button bush is very common in many swamps | Willow trees are everywhere in swamps. Swamps are very well known for the willow trees
4: Non tidal marsh | Non tidal marshes are the most prevalent and widely distributed wetlands in North America. Most of them are freshwater, but there are some that are brackish water. | Due to the high level of nutrients, freshwater marshes are the most diverse ecosystem. It is home to many plants and animals. | Non tidal marshes are found all over North America
5: Plants and animals: | The mink | muskrat | Cattail | Pickerelweed
6: Tidal Marsh | These marshes can be found along protected coastlines in middle and high latitudes worldwide. Mainly on the eastern coast on the United States. | Tidal marshes buffer stormy seas, slows seaside erosion, and absorbs many nutrients before they get to the ocean or any other lakes or rivers.
7: Saline marshes are usually covered in smooth Cordgrass & Saltmeadow Rush | Clapper rail | Animals: | Crab
8: Bogs: | Bogs are one of the wetlands that is covered in thick moss. Bogs prevents downstream flooding by absorbing precipitation. | They are usually found in the northeast and great lakes area of the USA
9: Plants & Animals: | Eastern Mud Salamander | Bogs are home to some unique plants like the carnivorous Sundew | Northern Pitcher Plant | Red wolf
10: Fens: | Fens are peat-forming wetlands that get water usually from unsloped sources. Fens prevents or reduces the risk of floods, improves water quality, and provides habitat for unique plant and animal communities | Fens are found in the northeastern part of the United States, the great lakes region, the rocky mountains, and much of Canada
11: Plants & Animals: | Showy Lady Slipper | Slender Sedge | Spring Peeper Frog | Green Snake
13: Wetlands have been disappearing over the years due to us humans. Draining, dumping pollutants, mining for sand and gravel.These are just a few of the many ways that we damage or destroy wetlands | If there was less construction, many of our wetlands would still be here. | Like many wetlands, they get water from runoffs. One thing you can do for our wetlands is reduce amount of pesticides and fertilizers. Chemicals used at home can go into runoff streams which could lead to wetlands. Reducing amount of chemicals could keep the wetlands from nutrient level damages.