S: Wetlands By Shaqwan Fincher
FC: Wetlands | Shaqwan Fincher
1: Shaqwan Fincher November7th 2011 Jay M. Robinson High School ESS-Knight
2: Wetlands are areas where water covers the soil or near surface of land. Wetlands support both aquatic and terrestrial species. wetlands also creates conditions that favor the growth of specially adapted plants and support the characteristics of plants and animals. | Most commom types of wetlands are ~Fens ~Bogs ~Swamps ~Marshes and open water lakes. | Wetlands are vary widely because of regional and local differences in topographic images and land formations even specififc climate change. | most wetlands are loocated in the united states, and along the Atlantic, Pacific, Alaskan, and Gulf coasts. They are closely linked to our nation's estuaries, where sea water mixes with fresh water to form our environment. | Wetlands are classified by the plants that are located near them or around their surface
3: pictures of Swamps
4: You can easily idintify a wetland by animals that live there such as Beavers dam rivers and streams, making those waters more likely to flood large surrounding land areas. | Swamps can also be easily idintified as looking for a large tree up to 60 to 80ft tall. leaves up to 4 to 9 inches tall | Swamps are wetlands whose dominant vegetation is comprised of woody plants such as trees and shrubs.
5: Swamp Plants | Sunflower Helianthus | Swamp Animals | Eel
6: Bogs | Bogs are one of North America's most distinctive kinds of wetlands, bogs can be characterized by spongy peat deposits, acidic waters, and a floor covered by a thick carpet of sphagnum moss.
7: Bogs receive all or most of their water from precipitation rather than from runoff, groundwater or streams. As a result, bogs are low in the nutrients needed for plant growth, a condition that is enhanced by acid-forming peat mosses. | Bogs in the United States are mostly found in the glaciated northeast and Great Lakes regions (northern bogs), but also in the southeast
8: Fens receive water from both precipitation and groundwater. They typically have more nutrients than bogs and are only slightly acidic. Minnesota has 20 percent of the world's calcareous fens, an extremely rare kind of fen that is rich in calcium. | Fens are found primarily in the northern half of Minnesota. However, fens also occur in the prairie regions of the state. | Fens are located eastern North Dakota and north central Nebraska.
9: Fen Plants and Animals
10: Marshes | marshes are one of our most important habitats | Marshes support more life than any other habitat, also helps to keep our environment clean. | marshes are \characterized as more sources of water feeds a water year round.
11: marshes usually a river or several smaller streams. As water comes into the marsh it settles into the soil and is later absorbed.
12: Wetlands are generally is described as an area where water is the dominant factor in determining the nature of soil development and the types of plant and animal communities living in the soil and on its surface.
13: Wetlands around the united states: ~Alabama ~Arkansas ~California ~Florida ~Illinois ~Indiana ~Iowa ~Louisiana ~Michigan ~Minnesota ~Mississippi
14: Wetlands are home to a diverse culture of plants and animals.. | Wetlands are also known to harbor snakes, turtles, and alligators.. | Wetlands provide animals with food and shelter, as well as a place to raise their young. Amphibians have to live in wet places, so what better place than a wetland for hundreds of species | 70% of commercial fishing relies on wetlands.
15: Wetlands prevent flooding by holding water much like a sponge. By doing so, wetlands help keep river levels normal and filter and purify the surface water. | Wetlands also release vegetative matter into rivers, which helps feed fish in the rivers. Wetlands help to counter balance the human effect on rivers
16: Today's wetlands are rapidly disappearing. Wetlands are cheap and flat, which makes them ideal places for development. | They are also vulnerable to exotic species and the rising sea level because of global warming. At the rate that they are being destroyed, environmental experts think that we may lose them all in the next few decades. | 32% of threatened and endangered species live in wetlands | Many people are trying to help, and there have been laws.
17: Wetlands aren't only ideal places for development; they are also ideal places for animals to live. They are a very good place for fish because they have a lot of food and provide shelter | Wetlands in the Coastal Watersheds of the Eastern United States, shows a loss of 59,000 acres each year in the coastal watersheds of the Great Lakes, Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico from 1998 to 2004. | Wetland restoration is also more difficult in coastal areas where land values are high
18: Hydrologic alterations can significantly alter the soil chemistry and plant and animal communities. These alterations can be the results of: deposition of fill material, draining, dredging and channelization, diking and damming, diversion of flow and addition of impervious surfaces in the watershed, which increases water and pollutant runoff into wetlands. | Environmental Toxins toxic chemicals, and heavy metals such as lead and mercury cause significant bird mortality and reduce breeding success." The short term method to address this is to reduce. | pollution is destroying the mangrove forests and reducing marine stocks
19: 1.)Donate your time, money and materials to local wetland and watershed protection initiatives | Things that can be done to protect the Wetlands: | 2.)Work with your local municipalities and state to develop laws and ordinances that protect and restore wetlands | 3.)Encourage your friends and neighbors to join you | 4.)Purchase federal duck stamps from your local post office | 5.)Maintain wetlands and their buffer strips as open space. Avoid wetland alteration.