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Africa Volume Five

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S: Africa Volume Five

4: Republic of Seychelles President: James Michel (2004) Total area: 176 sq mi (456 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 87,476 (growth rate: 1.0%); birth rate: 15.8/1000; infant mortality rate: 12.3/1000; life expectancy: 73.0; density per sq mi: 465 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Victoria, 23,000 Monetary unit: Seychelles rupee

6: More Facts & Figures Current government officials Languages: Seselwa Creole 92%, English 5%, French (all official) (2002) Ethnicity/race: mixed French, African, Indian, Chinese, and Arab Religions: Roman Catholic 83%, Anglican 6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1%, other Christian 3%, Hindu 2%, Muslim 1%, none 1% Literacy rate: 91.8% (2002 census)

8: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $1.378 billion; per capita $16,600. Real growth rate: 5.3%. Inflation: 5.7%. Unemployment: 2% (2006 EST.). Arable land: 2%. Agriculture: coconuts, cinnamon, vanilla, sweet potatoes, cassava (tapioca), bananas; poultry; tuna. Labor force: 30,900 (1996); industry 19%, services 71%, agriculture 10% (1989). Industries: fishing, tourism, processing of coconuts and vanilla, coir (coconut fiber) rope, boat building, printing, furniture; beverages. Natural resources: fish, copra, cinnamon trees. Exports: $434 million f.o.b. (2007 est.): canned tuna, frozen fish, cinnamon bark, copra, petroleum products (reexports). Imports: $721 million f.o.b. (2007 est.): machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals. Major trading partners: UK, France, Spain, Japan, Italy, Germany, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa (2004).

10: Member of Commonwealth of Nations Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 20,700 (2006); mobile cellular: 70,300 (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 2 (2001). Radios: 42,000 (1997). Television broadcast stations: 2 (plus 9 repeaters) (1997). Televisions: 11,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 187 (2007). Internet users: 29,000 (2006). Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 458 km; paved: 440 km; unpaved: 18 km (2003). Ports and harbors: Victoria. Airports: 15 (2007). International disputes: claims the Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory).

12: Seychelles Maps

13: La Digue Islands Seychelles

14: Banyan Tree Seychelles

18: President: Ernest Koroma (2007) Land area: 27,653 sq mi (71,621 sq km); total area: 27,699 sq mi (71,740 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 6,440,053 (growth rate: 2.3%); birth rate: 44.7/1000; infant mortality rate: 154.4/1000; life expectancy: 41.2; density per sq mi: 222 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Freetown, 1,051,000 Monetary unit: Leone

20: More Facts & Figures Current government officials Languages: English (official), Mende (southern vernacular), Temne (northern vernacular), Krio (lingua franca) Ethnicity/race: 20 native African tribes 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%); Creole (Krio) 10%; refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians Religions: Islam 60%, indigenous 30%, Christian 10% Literacy rate: 35.1% (2004 EST.)

22: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $3.971 billion; per capita $700. Real growth rate: 6.8%. Inflation: 11.7%. Unemployment: N.A. Arable land: 8%. Agriculture: rice, coffee, cocoa, palm kernels, palm oil, peanuts; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish. Labor force: 1.369 million (1981 EST.). Industries: diamond mining; small-scale manufacturing (beverages, textiles, cigarettes, footwear); petroleum refining, small commercial ship repair. Natural resources: diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite. Exports: $216 million f.o.b. (2006): diamonds, rutile, cocoa, coffee, fish. Imports: $560 million f.o.b. (2006): foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, fuels and lubricants, chemicals. Major trading partners: Belgium, Germany, U.S., UK, Cte d'Ivoire, China, Netherlands, South Africa, France (2004).

23: Member of Commonwealth of Nations Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 24,000 (2002); mobile cellular: 113,000 (2003). Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 9, shortwave 1 (2001). Radios: 1.12 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 2 (1999). Televisions: 53,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 46 (2007). Internet users: 10,000 (2005).

26: Transportation: Railways: total: 84 km used on a limited basis because the mine at Marampa is closed (2001). Highways: total: 11,330 km; paved: 904 km; unpaved: 10,396 km (2002). Waterways: 800 km; 600 km navigable year round. Ports and harbors: Bonthe, Freetown, Pepel. Airports: 10 (2007).

28: International disputes: large UN peacekeeping presence ended civil war but rebel gang fighting, ethnic rivalries, illegal diamond trading, corruption, and refugees spill over into neighboring states beset with their own civil disorder, refugees, and violence.

31: President: Jacob Zuma (2009) Total area: 471,008 sq mi (1,219,912 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 49,052,489 (growth rate: –0.2%); birth rate: 19.9/1000; infant mortality rate: 44.4/1000; life expectancy: 49.0; density per sq mi: 93 Administrative capital (2003 est.): Pretoria, 1,541,300 (metro. area), 1,249,700 (city proper); Legislative capital and largest city: Cape Town, 3,140,600 (metro. area), 2,733,000 (city proper). Judicial capital: Bloemfontein, 378,000. No decision has been made to relocate the seat of government. South Africa is demarcated into nine provinces, consisting of the Gauteng, Northern Province, Mpumalanga, North West, KwaZulu/Natal, Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape, and Free State. Each province has its own capital Other large cities: Durban/Pinetown, 2,396,100; Johannesburg, 1,675,200; East Rand, 1,378,792 (part of Johannesburg metro. area, 2000 est.) Monetary unit: Rand

32: South Africa Collage

33: More Facts & Figures Current government officials Languages: IsiZulu 23.8%, IsiXhosa 17.6%, Afrikaans 13.3%, Sepedi 9.4%, English 8.2%, Setswana 8.2%, Sesotho 7.9%, Xitsonga 4.4%, other 7.2% (2001) Ethnicity/race: black African 79%, white 9.6%, colored 8.9%, Indian/Asian 2.5% (2001) Religions: Zion Christian 11%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8%, Catholic 7%, Methodist 7%, Dutch Reformed 7%, Anglican 4%, other Christian 36%, Islam 2%, none 15% (2001) Literacy rate: 86% (2003 EST.)

34: South Africa Map

35: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $467.1 billion; per capita $9,800. Real growth rate: 5.1%. Inflation: 7.1%. Unemployment: 24.3%. Arable land: 12%. Agriculture: corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; beef, poultry, mutton, wool, dairy products. Labor force: 15.23 million economically active; agriculture 30%, industry 25%, services 45% (1999 EST.). Industries: mining (world's largest producer of platinum, gold, chromium), automobile assembly, metalworking, machinery, textiles, iron and steel, chemicals, fertilizer, foodstuffs, commercial ship repair. Natural resources: gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas.

36: Exports: $50.91 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): gold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment. Imports: $52.97 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum products, scientific instruments, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: U.S., UK, Japan, Germany, Netherlands, China, France, Saudi Arabia, Iran (2004).

37: Cape Town in South Africa

38: Exports: $50.91 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): gold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment. Imports: $52.97 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum products, scientific instruments, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: U.S., UK, Japan, Germany, Netherlands, China, France, Saudi Arabia, Iran (2004). Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: more than 5 million (2001); mobile cellular: 7.06 million (2001). Radio broadcast stations: AM 14, FM 347 (plus 243 repeaters), shortwave 1 (1998). Radios: 17 million (2001). Television broadcast stations: 556 (plus 144 network repeaters) (1997). Televisions: 6 million (2000). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 150 (2001). Internet users: 3.068 million (2002).

39: Transportation: Railways: total: 22,298 km (2002). Highways: total: 362,099 km; paved: 73,506 km (including 2,032 km of expressways); unpaved: 288,593 km (2000). Ports and harbors: Cape Town, Durban, East London, Mossel Bay, Port Elizabeth, Richards Bay, Saldanha. Airports: 727 (2002). International disputes: managed dispute with Namibia over the location of the boundary in the Orange River.

41: National name: Jamhuryat as-Sudan President: Lt. Gen. Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir (1989) Current government officials Land area: 917,374 sq mi (2,376,001 sq km); total area: 967,493 sq mi (2,505,810 sq km) Population (2009 EST.): 41,087,825 (growth rate: 2.1%); birth rate: 33.7/1000; infant mortality rate: 82.43/1000; life expectancy: 51.4; density per sq mi: 46 Capital (2003 est.): Khartoum, 5,717,300 (metro. area), 1,397,900 (city proper) Largest cities: Omdurman, 2,103,900; Port Sudan, 450,400 Monetary unit: Dinar

42: More Facts & Figures Languages: Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English Ethnicity/race: black 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1% Religions: Islam (Sunni) 70% (in north), indigenous 25%, Christian 5% (mostly in south and Khartoum) Literacy rate: 61% (2003 EST.)

43: A Child Soldier in Sudan

44: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $80.71 billion; per capita $2,200. Real growth rate: 10.5%. Inflation: 8%. Unemployment: 18.7% (2002 EST.). Arable land: 7%. Agriculture: cotton, groundnuts (peanuts), sorghum, millet, wheat, gum Arabic, sugarcane, cassava (tapioca), mangos, papaya, bananas, sweet potatoes, sesame; sheep, livestock. Labor force: 11 million (1996 est.); agriculture 80%, industry and commerce 7%, government 13% (1998 est.). Industries: oil, cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments, automobile/light truck assembly. Natural resources: petroleum; small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold, hydropower. Exports: $6.989 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): oil and petroleum products; cotton, sesame, livestock, groundnuts, gum Arabic, sugar. Imports: $5.028 billion f.o.b. (2005 EST.): foodstuffs, manufactured goods, refinery and transport equipment, medicines and chemicals, textiles, wheat. Major trading partners: China, Japan, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, India, Germany, Australia (2004).

45: Sudanese Embassy In Sudan

46: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 400,000 (2000); mobile cellular: 20,000 (2000). Radio broadcast stations: AM 12, FM 1, shortwave 1 (1998). Radios: 7.55 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 3 (1997). Televisions: 2.38 million (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2002). Internet users: 56,000 (2002). Transportation: Railways: total: 5,978 km (2002). Highways: total: 11,900 km; paved: 4,320 km; unpaved: 7,580 km (1999 EST.). Waterways: 5,310 km navigable. Ports and harbors: Juba, Khartoum, Kusti, Malakal, Nimule, Port Sudan, Sawakin. Airports: 63 (2002).

47: Sudan Atlas Map

48: International disputes: the north-south civil war has drawn Sudan's neighbors into the fighting, sheltering refugees, and infiltration by rebel groups—Kenya and Uganda have acted as mediators; Sudan accuses Eritrea of supporting Sudanese rebel groups; efforts to demarcate the porous boundary with Ethiopia have been delayed by fighting in Sudan; Kenya's administrative boundary still extends into the Sudan, creating the “Ilemi triangle”; Egypt and Sudan retain claims to administer the triangular areas that extend north and south of the 1899 Treaty boundary along the 22nd Parallel, but have withdrawn their military presence; Egypt is economically developing the “Hala'ib triangle.”

52: Ruler: King Mswati III (1986) Prime Minister: Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini (1996) Land area: 6,641 sq mi (17,200 sq km); total area: 6,704 sq mi (17,363 sq km) Population (2008 est.): 1,123,913 (growth rate: –0.4%); birth rate: 26.2/1000; infant mortality rate: 68.6/1000; life expectancy: 32; density per sq mi: 171 Capital (2003 EST.): Mbabane, 69,000; Royal and legislative capital: Lobamba, circa 5,000 Largest city: Manzini, 75,000 Monetary unit: Lilangeni

53: Conservation In Swaziland

54: More Facts & Figures Current government officials Languages: English, siSwati (both official) Ethnicity/race: African 97%, European 3% Religions: Zionist (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship) 40%; Roman Catholic 20%; Muslim 10%; Anglican, Bahai, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish, and other 30% Literacy rate: 82% (2003 EST.)

55: River Valley in Swaziland

56: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 EST.): $5.626 billion; per capita $4,800. Real growth rate: 2.4%. Inflation: 8.2%. Unemployment: 40%. Arable land: 10%. Agriculture: sugarcane, cotton, corn, tobacco, rice, citrus, pineapples, sorghum, peanuts; cattle, goats, sheep. Labor force: 155,700 (2003). Industries: mining (coal, raw asbestos), wood pulp, sugar, soft drink concentrates, textile and apparel. Natural resources: asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, talc. Exports: $1.991 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): soft drink concentrates, sugar, wood pulp, cotton yarn, refrigerators, citrus and canned fruit. Imports: $2.149 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): motor vehicles, machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals. Major trading partners: South Africa, EU, U.S., Mozambique, Japan, Singapore (2004).

58: Member of Commonwealth of Nations Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 38,500 (2001); mobile cellular: 45,000 (2001). Radio broadcast stations: AM 3, FM 2 plus 4 repeaters, shortwave 3 (2001). Radios: 170,000 (1999). Television broadcast stations: 5 plus 7 relay stations (2001). Televisions: 23,000 (2000). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 5 (2002). Internet users: 7,000 (2002). Transportation: Railways: total: 301 km (2002). Highways: total: 3,247 km (1998). Ports and harbors: none. Airports: 18 (2002). International disputes: none.

61: Tanzania Atlas

62: President: Jakaya Kikwete (2005) Prime Minister: Mizengo Pinda (2008) Land area: 342,100 sq mi (886,039 sq km); total area: 364,898 sq mi (945,087 sq km)1 Population (2009 est.): 41,048,532 (growth rate: 2.0%); birth rate: 34.2/1000; infant mortality rate: 69.2/1000; life expectancy: 52.0; density per sq mi: 111 Capital (2003 est.): Dodoma, 164,500. Largest city (2003 est.): Dar es Salaam, 2,489,800 Monetary unit: Tanzanian shilling

64: More Facts & Figures Current government officials Languages: Swahili, English (both official); Arabic; many local languages Ethnicity/race: mainland: native African 99% (includes 95% Bantu, consisting of well over 100 tribes), Asian, European, and Arab 1%; Zanzibar: Arab, native African, mixed Religions: mainland: Christian 30%, Islam 35%, indigenous 35%; Zanzibar: more than 99% Islam Literacy rate: 78% (2003 EST.)

66: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $48.94 billion; per capita $1,300. Real growth rate: 7.3%. Inflation: 7%. Unemployment: N.A. Arable land: 5%. Agriculture: coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats. Labor force: 20.04 million; agriculture 80%, industry and services 20% (2002 EST.). Industries: agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine); diamond, gold, and iron mining, salt, soda ash; cement, oil refining, shoes, apparel, wood products, fertilizer. Natural resources: hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel. Exports: $1.581 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures cotton. Imports: $2.391 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): consumer goods, machinery and transportation equipment, industrial raw materials, crude oil. Major trading partners: India, Spain, Netherlands, Japan, UK, China, Kenya, South Africa, UAE, U.S. (2004).

67: Member of Commonwealth of Nations Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 127,000 (1998); mobile cellular: 30,000 (1999). Radio broadcast stations: AM 12, FM 11, shortwave 2 (1998). Radios: 8.8 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 3 (1999). Televisions: 103,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 6 (2000). Internet users: 300,000 (2002).

68: YOUNG GIRL IN TARZANIA, AFRICA

70: Transportation: Railways: total: 3,690 km (2002). Highways: total: 88,200 km; paved: 3,704 km; unpaved: 84,496 km (1999 EST.). Waterways: Lake Tanganyika, Lake Victoria, Lake Nyasa. Ports and harbors: Bukoba, Dar es Salaam, Kigoma, Kilwa Masoko, Lindi, Mtwara, Mwanza, Pangani, Tanga, Wete, Zanzibar. Airports: 123 (2002). International disputes: disputes with Malawi over the boundary in Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi) and the meandering Songwe River remain dormant.

73: Children in the River in Togo

74: President: Faure Gnassingbe (2005) Prime Minister: Komlan Mally (2007) Land area: 21,000 sq mi (54,390 sq km); total area: 21,925 sq mi (56,785 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 6,019,877 (growth rate: 2.7%); birth rate: 36.4/1000; infant mortality rate: 56.2/1000; life expectancy: 58.7; density per sq mi: 272 Capital and largest city (2003 EST.): Lomé, 749,700 (metro. area), 676,400 (city proper) Monetary unit: CFA Franc

75: A view of the Tamberma country (between Kara and Dapaong), one of the most interesting region of Togo

76: More Facts & Figures Togolese Republic National name: République Togolaise Current government officials Languages: French (official, commerce); Ewé, Mina (south); Kabyé, Dagomba (north); and many dialects Ethnicity/race: native African (37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabre) 99%, European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1% Religions: Indigenous beliefs 51%, Christian 29%, Islam 20% Literacy rate: 61% (2003 EST.)

77: Port of Lomé, Togo Latitude 6 10', North. Longitude 1 21', East

78: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $5.208 billion; per capita $800. Real growth rate: 2.1%. Inflation: 1%. Unemployment: N.A. Arable land: 44%. Agriculture: coffee, cocoa, cotton, yams, cassava (tapioca), corn, beans, rice, millet, sorghum; livestock; fish. Labor force: 1.302 million (1998); agriculture 65%, industry 5%, services 30% (1998 EST.). Industries: phosphate mining, agricultural processing, cement, handicrafts, textiles, beverages. Natural resources: phosphates, limestone, marble, arable land. Exports: $768 million f.o.b. (2005 est.): reexports, cotton, phosphates, coffee, cocoa. Imports: $1.047 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products. Major trading partners: Burkina Faso, Ghana, Benin, Mali, China, India, France, Cte d'Ivoire (2004).

79: Togo Land 1885

80: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 25,000 (1997); mobile cellular: 2,995 (1997). Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 9, shortwave 4 (1998). Radios: 940,000 (1997). Television broadcast stations: 3 (plus two repeaters) (1997). Televisions: 73,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 3 (2001). Internet users: 50,000 (2002). Transportation: Railways: total: 525 km (2002). Highways: total: 7,520 km; paved: 2,376 km; unpaved: 5,144 km (1999 EST.). Waterways: 50 km Mono River. Ports and harbors: Kpeme, Lome. Airports: 9 (2002). International disputes: in 2001 Benin claimed Togo moved boundary monuments - joint commission presently resurveying the boundary.

81: The Republic of Togo

85: President: Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali (1987) Prime Minister: Mohamed Ghannouchi (1999) Land area: 59,985 sq mi (155,361 sq km); total area: 63,170 sq mi (163,610 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 10,486,339 (growth rate: 1.0%); birth rate: 15.4/1000; infant mortality rate: 22.5/1000; life expectancy: 75.8; density per sq mi: 171 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Tunis, 1,660,300 (metro. area), 699,700 (city proper) Monetary unit: Tunisian dinar

87: More Facts & Figures Tunisian Republic National name: Al-Jumhuriyah at-Tunisiyah Current government officials Languages: Arabic (official, commerce), French (commerce) Ethnicity/race: Arab-Berber 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1% Religions: Islam (Sunni) 98%, Christian 1%, Jewish and other 1% Literacy rate: 74.3% (2004 EST.)

88: The Best Beach Resorts in the World in Tunisia

89: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $77 billion; per capita $7,500. Real growth rate: 6.3%. Inflation: 3.1%. Unemployment: 14.1%. Arable land: 17%. Agriculture: olives, olive oil, grain, tomatoes, citrus fruit, sugar beets, dates, almonds; beef, dairy products. Labor force: 3.593 million; note: shortage of skilled labor; services 55%, industry 23%, and agriculture 22% (1995 EST.). Industries: petroleum, mining (particularly phosphate and iron ore), tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness, beverages. Natural resources: petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt. Exports: $10.3 billion f.o.b. (2005 EST.): textiles, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, agricultural products, hydrocarbons. Imports: $12.86 billion f.o.b. (2005 EST.): textiles, machinery and equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, food. Major trading partners: France, Italy, Germany, Spain (2004).

90: Tunisia Desert on Sunset

91: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 654,000 (1997); mobile cellular: 50,000 (1998). Radio broadcast stations: AM 7, FM 20, shortwave 2 (1998). Radios: 2.06 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 26 (plus 76 repeaters) (1995). Televisions: 920,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000). Internet users: 400,000 (2002).

92: Tunisia El Firma 1920's Colonial Farmhouse Turned Restaurant

94: Transportation: Railways: total: 2,152 km (2002). Highways: total: 18,997 km; paved: 12,310 km; unpaved: 6,687 km (2000). Ports and harbors: Bizerte, Gabes, La Goulette, Sfax, Sousse, Tunis, Zarzis. Airports: 30 (2002).

98: President: Yoweri Museveni (1986) Prime Minister: Apolo Nsibambi (1999) Land area: 77,108 sq mi (199,710 sq km); total area: 91,135 sq mi (236,040 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 32,369,558 (growth rate: 2.7%); birth rate: 47.8/1000; infant mortality rate: 64.8/1000; life expectancy: 52.7; density per sq mi: 392 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Kampala, 1,461,600 (metro. area), 1,244,000 (city proper) Monetary unit: Ugandan new shilling

99: More Facts & Figures Republic of Uganda Current government officials Languages: English (official), Ganda or Luganda, other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic Ethnicity/race: Baganda 17%, Ankole 8%, Basoga 8%, Iteso 8%, Bakiga 7%, Langi 6%, Rwanda 6%, Bagisu 5%, Acholi 4%, Lugbara 4%, Batoro 3%, Bunyoro 3%, Alur 2%, Bagwere 2%, Bakonjo 2%, Jopodhola 2%, Karamojong 2%, Rundi 2%, non-African (European, Asian, Arab) 1%, other 8% Religions: Roman Catholic 33%, Protestant 33%, Islam 16%, indigenous beliefs 18% Literacy rate: 70% (2003 EST.) Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $29.04 billion; per capita $900. Real growth rate: 6.5%. Inflation: 6.8%. Unemployment: n.a. Arable land: 22%. Agriculture: coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), potatoes, corn, millet, pulses, cut flowers; beef, goat meat, milk, poultry. Labor force: 14.02 (2007 est.) million; agriculture 82%, industry 5%, services 13% (1999 est.). Industries: sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles; cement, steel production. Natural resources: copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land. Exports: $768 million f.o.b. (2005 est.): coffee, fish and fish products, tea, cotton, flowers, horticultural products; gold. Imports: $1.608 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): capital equipment, vehicles, petroleum, medical supplies; cereals. Major trading partners: Kenya, Netherlands, Belgium, France, Germany, Rwanda, U.S., UAE, South Africa, India, China, UK, Japan (2004).

100: Member of the Commonwealth of Nations Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 50,074; however, 80,868 main lines were installed (1998); mobile cellular: 9,000 (1998). Radio broadcast stations: AM 7, FM 33, shortwave 2 (2001). Radios: 5 million (2001). Television broadcast stations: 8 (plus one low-power repeater) (2001). Televisions: 500,000 (2001). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000). Internet users: 60,000 (2002). Transportation: Railways: total: 1,241 km (2002). Highways: total: 27,000 km; paved: 1,809 km; unpaved: 25,191 km (1999 EST.). Waterways: Lake Victoria, Lake Albert, Lake Kyoga, Lake George, Lake Edward, Victoria Nile, Albert Nile. Ports and harbors: Entebbe, Jinja, Port Bell. Airports: 27 (2002). International disputes: Tutsi, Hutu, and other ethnic groups, associated political rebels, armed gangs, and various government forces continue fighting in the Great Lakes region, transcending the boundaries of Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda to gain control over populated areas and natural resources; government heads pledge to end conflict, but localized violence continues despite UN peacekeeping efforts; conflict in Sudan has extended rebel forces and refugees into Uganda.

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Priscilla J. Fumero
  • By: Priscilla J.
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  • Title: Africa Volume Five
  • Places On Africa
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  • Published: over 6 years ago

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