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Africa Volume Four

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Africa Volume Four - Page Text Content

S: Africa Volume Four

3: M A U R I T I U S

5: President: Anerood Jugnauth (2003) Prime Minister: Navin Ramgoolam (2005) Land area: 714 sq mi (1,849 sq km); total area: 788 sq mi (2,040 sq km) Population (2008 est.): 1,260,781 (growth rate: 0.7%); birth rate: 15.0/1000; infant mortality rate: 13.7/1000; life expectancy: 73.1; density per sq km: 621 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Port Louis, 577,200 (metro. area), 143,800 (city proper) Monetary unit: Mauritian rupee

7: More Facts & Figures Current government officials Languages: English less than 1% (official), Creole 81%, Bhojpuri 12%, French 3% (2000) Ethnicity/race: Indo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2% Religions: Hindu 48%, Roman Catholic 24%, other Christian 8%, Islam 17% (2000) National Holiday: Independence Day, March 12 Literacy rate: 86% (2003 EST.)

8: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 EST.): $14.06 billion; per capita $ $11,200. Real growth rate: 4.6%. Inflation: 8.8%. Unemployment: 8.8%. Arable land: 49%. Agriculture: sugarcane, tea, corn, potatoes, bananas, pulses; cattle, goats; fish. Labor force: 552,700; construction and industry 30%, services 25%, agriculture and fishing 9%, trade, restaurants, hotels 22%, transportation and communication 7%, finance 6% (2007). Industries: food processing (largely sugar milling), textiles, clothing, chemicals, metal products, transport equipment, nonelectrical machinery, tourism. Natural resources: arable land, fish. Exports: $2.475 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): clothing and textiles, sugar, cut flowers, molasses. Imports: $3.627 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): manufactured goods, capital equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals. Major trading partners: UK, UAE, France, U.S., Madagascar, South Africa, China, India (2006).

9: Member of Commonwealth of Nations Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 357,300 (2006); mobile cellular: 772,400 (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AM 4, FM 9, shortwave 0 (2002). Radios: 420,000 (1997). Television broadcast stations: 2 (plus several repeaters) (1997). Televisions: 258,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 9,792 (2007). Internet users: 182,000 (2006). Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 2,020 km; paved: 2,020 km (including 75 km of expressways) (2005). Ports and harbors: Port Louis. Airports: 5 (2007). International disputes: Mauritius claims the Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory), and its former inhabitants, who reside chiefly in Mauritius, but were granted UK citizenship and the right to repatriation in 2001; claims French-administered Tromelin Island.

12: Ruler: King Muhammad VI (1999) Prime Minister: Abbas El Fassi (2007) Land area: 172,317 sq mi (446,301 sq km); total area: 172,413 sq mi (446,550 sq km) Population (2009 EST.): 34,859,364 (growth rate: 1.5%); birth rate: 20.9/1000; infant mortality rate: 36.8/1000; life expectancy: 71.8; density per sq km: 76 Capital (2003 EST.): Rabat, 1,636,600 Largest cities: Casablanca, 3,397,000; Fez, 941,800; Marrakech, 755,200 Monetary unit: Dirham | Marrakech Bazaar in Morocco

13: More Facts & Figures National name: al-Mamlaka al-Maghrebia Current government officials Languages: Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often used for business, government, and diplomacy Ethnicity/race: Arab-Berber 99.1%, Jewish 0.2%, other 0.7% Religions: Islam 99%, Christian 1% National Holiday: Throne Day, July 30 Literacy rate: 52.3% (2004 EST.)

14: Morocco-bab el mansour el alaj c le mure l'un des ansiene murs dans la ville de meknes (bab el mansour el alaj c walls off it the one of the ansiene walls in the city of meknes)

15: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $125.3 billion; per capita $4,100. Real growth rate: 2.1%. Inflation: 2%. Unemployment: 10.2%. Arable land: 19%. Agriculture: barley, wheat, citrus, wine, vegetables, olives; livestock. Labor force: 11.35 million; agriculture 40%, services 45%, industry 15% (2003 est.). Industries: phosphate rock mining and processing, food processing, leather goods, textiles, construction, tourism. Natural resources: phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt. Exports: $12.73 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): clothing, fish, inorganic chemicals, transistors, crude minerals, fertilizers (including phosphates), petroleum products, fruits, vegetables. Imports: $22.15 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): crude petroleum, textile fabric, telecommunications equipment, wheat, gas and electricity, transistors, plastics. Major trading partners: France, Spain, UK, Italy, India, Germany, Russia, Saudi Arabia, China (2006). Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.266 million (2006); mobile cellular: 16.005 million (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AM 27, FM 25, shortwave 6 (1998). Radios: 6.64 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 35 (plus 66 repeaters) (1995). Televisions: 3.1 million (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 137,187 (2007). Internet users: 6.1 million (2006).

16: Morocco-bab el mansour el alaj c le mure l'un des ansiene murs dans la ville de meknes (bab el mansour el alaj c walls off it the one of the ansiene walls in the city of meknes)

17: Transportation: Railways: total: 1,907 km (2006). Highways: total: 57,493 km; paved: 32,716 km (includes 507 km of expressways); unpaved: 24,777 km (2004). Ports and harbors: Agadir, El Jadida, Casablanca, El Jorf Lasfar, Kenitra, Mohammedia, Nador, Rabat, Safi, Tangier; also Spanish-controlled Ceuta and Melilla. Airports: 60 (2007). International disputes: claims and administers Western Sahara, but sovereignty remains unresolved - UN-administered cease-fire has remained in effect since September 1991, but attempts to hold a referendum have failed and parties thus far have rejected other proposals; Morocco protests Spain's control over the coastal enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera, the islands of Penon de Alhucemas and Islas Chafarinas, and surrounding waters; Morocco also rejected Spain's unilateral designation of a median line from the Canary Islands in 2002 to set limits to undersea resource exploration and refugee interdiction; Morocco allowed Spanish fishermen to fish temporarily off the coast of Western Sahara after an oil spill soiled Spanish fishing grounds.

18: Morocco- Voila C Menara C Un Monument (Veiled C Menara C A Monument)

19: Morocco, Africa

24: President: Armando Guebuza (2005) Prime Minister: Luisa Diogo (2004) Land area: 302,737 sq mi (784,089 sq km); total area: 309,494 sq mi (801,590 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 21,669,278 (growth rate: 1.7%); birth rate: 37.9/1000; infant mortality rate: 105.8/1000; life expectancy: 41.1; density per sq km: 27 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Maputo, 1,691,000 (metro. area), 1,114,000 (city proper) Monetary unit: Metical

25: Mozambique- Pemba, Mozambique

26: More Facts & Figures National name: República de Moambique Current government officials Languages: Portuguese 9% (official; second language of 27%), Emakhuwa 26%, Xichangana 11%, Elomwe 8%, Cisena 7%, Echuwabo 6%, other Mozambican languages 32% (1997) Ethnicity/race: indigenous tribal groups 99.66% (Shangaan, Chokwe, Manyika, Sena, Makua, and others), Europeans 0.06%, Euro-Africans 0.2%, Indians 0.08% Religions: Mozambique 24%, Islam 18%, Zionist Christian 18%, none 23% (1997) National Holiday: Independence Day, June 25 Literacy rate: 48% (2003 EST.)

27: m | Mozambique, Zambia

28: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $17.02 billion; per capita $800. Real growth rate: 7%. Inflation: 8%. Unemployment: 21% (1997 est.). Arable land: 5%. Agriculture: cotton, cashew nuts, sugarcane, tea, cassava (tapioca), corn, coconuts, sisal, citrus and tropical fruits, potatoes, sunflowers; beef, poultry. Labor force: 9.6 million (2007 est.); agriculture 81%, industry 6%, services 13% (1997 est.). Industries: food, beverages, chemicals (fertilizer, soap, paints), aluminum, petroleum products, textiles, cement, glass, asbestos, tobacco. Natural resources: coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum, graphite. Exports: $2.731 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): aluminum, prawns, cashews, cotton, sugar, citrus, timber; bulk electricity. Imports: $3.028 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): machinery and equipment, vehicles, fuel, chemicals, metal products, foodstuffs, textiles. Major trading partners: Netherlands, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Portugal (2006).

29: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 67,000 (2006); mobile cellular: 2.339 million (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AM 13, FM 17, shortwave 11 (2001). Radios: 730,000 (1997). Television broadcast stations: 1 (2001). Televisions: 67,600 (2000). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 15,231 (2007). Internet users: 178,000 (2005). Transportation: Railways: total: 3,123 km (2006). Highways: total: 30,400 km; paved: 5,685 km; unpaved: 24,715 km (1999 est.). Waterways: 460 km (Zambezi River navigable to Tete and along Cahora Bassa Lake) (2007). Ports and harbors: Beira, Inhambane, Maputo, Nacala, Pemba, Quelimane. Airports: 147 (2007).

32: v | Location of Namibia

33: President: Hifikepunye Pohamba (2005) Prime Minister: Nahas Angula (2005) Total area: 318,694 sq mi (825,418 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 2,108,665 (growth rate: 0.9%); birth rate: 22.5/1000; infant mortality rate: 45.5/1000; life expectancy: 51.2; density per sq km: 2 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Windhoek, 221,000. Summer capital: Swakopmund, 26,200 Monetary unit: Namibian dollar

34: Namibia Colored Map

35: Namibia

36: More Facts & Figures Current government officials Languages: English 7% (official), Afrikaans is common language of most of the population and of about 60% of the white population, German 32%; indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama Ethnicity/race: black 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%. Note: about 50% of the population belongs to the Ovambo tribe and 9% to the Kavangos tribe; other ethnic groups are Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, Bushmen 3%, Baster 2%, Tswana 0.5% Religions: Christian 80%–90% (Lutheran at least 50%), indigenous beliefs 10%–20% National Holiday: Independence Day, March 21 Literacy rate: 84% (2003 EST.)

37: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $10.72 billion; per capita $5,200. Real growth rate: 4.4%. Inflation: 6.7%. Unemployment: 5.2%. Arable land: 1%. Agriculture: millet, sorghum, peanuts, grapes; livestock; fish. Labor force: 660,000; agriculture 47%, industry 20%, services 33% (1999 EST.). Industries: meatpacking, fish processing, dairy products; mining (diamonds, lead, zinc, tin, silver, tungsten, uranium, copper). Natural resources: diamonds, copper, uranium, gold, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, zinc, salt, vanadium, natural gas, hydropower, fish; note: suspected deposits of oil, coal, and iron ore. Exports: $2.87 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): diamonds, copper, gold, zinc, lead, uranium; cattle, processed fish, karakul skins. Imports: $2.82 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): foodstuffs; petroleum products and fuel, machinery and equipment, chemicals. Major trading partners: South Africa, U.S. (2006).

38: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 138,900 (2005); mobile cellular: 495,000 (2005). Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 39, shortwave 4 (2001). Radios: 232,000 (1997). Television broadcast stations: 2 (2007). Televisions: 60,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 3,717 (2007). Internet users: 80,600 (2005).

39: Transportation: Railways: total: 2,382 km (2002). Highways: total: 42,237 km; paved: 5,406 km; unpaved: 36,831 km (2002). Ports and harbors: Luderitz, Walvis Bay. Airports: 137 (2007).

40: International disputes: commission established with Botswana to resolve small residual disputes along the Caprivi Strip, including the Situngu marshlands along the Linyanti River; Botswana residents protest Namibia's planned construction of the Okavango hydroelectric dam on Popa Falls; managed dispute with South Africa over the location of the boundary in the Orange River; dormant dispute remains where Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe boundaries converge; Angolan rebels and refugees still reside in Namibia.

43: President: Tandja Mamadou (1999) Prime Minister: Ali Badjo Gamatié (2009) Land area: 489,072 sq mi (1,266,699 sq km); total area: 489,189 sq mi (1,267,000 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 15,306,252 (growth rate: 3.6%); birth rate: 51.6/1000; infant mortality rate: 116.6/1000; life expectancy: 52.6; density per sq km: 10 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Niamey, 748,600 Other large cities: Zinder, 202,300; Maradi, 189,000 Monetary unit: CFA Franc

44: More Facts & Figures National name: République du Niger Current government officials Languages: French (official), Hausa, Djerma Ethnicity/race: Hausa 56%, Djerma 22%, Fula 8.5%, Tuareg 8%, Beri Beri (Kanouri) 4.3%, Arab, Toubou, and Gourmantche 1.2%, about 1,200 French expatriates Religions: Islam 80%, indigenous beliefs and Christian 20% National Holiday: Republic Day, December 18 Literacy rate: 28.7% (2005 EST.)

45: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $8.902 billion; per capita $700. Real growth rate: 3.2%. Inflation: 0.1%. Unemployment: N.A. Arable land: 11%. Agriculture: cowpeas, cotton, peanuts, millet, sorghum, cassava (tapioca), rice; cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkeys, horses, poultry. Labor force: 70,000 receive regular wages or salaries (2002 est.); agriculture 90%, industry and commerce 6%, government 4%. Industries: uranium mining, cement, brick, soap, textiles, food processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses. Natural resources: uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, petroleum. Exports: $428 million f.o.b. (2006): uranium ore, livestock, cowpeas, onions. Imports: $800 million f.o.b. (2006): foodstuffs, machinery, vehicles and parts, petroleum, cereals. Major trading partners: France, Nigeria, Russia, U.S., French Polynesia, Cte d'Ivoire, China (2006).

47: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 24,000 (2005); mobile cellular: 323,900 (2005). Radio broadcast stations: AM 5, FM 6, shortwave 4 (2001). Radios: 680,000 (1997). Television broadcast stations: 5 (2007). Televisions: 125,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 200 (2007). Internet users: 40,000 (2006). Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 14,565 km; paved: 3,641 km; unpaved: 10,924 km (2004). Waterways: the Niger is navigable 300 km from Niamey to Gaya on the Benin frontier from mid-December through March. Ports and harbors: none. Airports: 28 (2007).

49: International disputes: Libya claims about 25,000 sq km in a currently dormant dispute; much of Benin-Niger boundary, including tripoint with Nigeria, remains undemarcated but states accept 2001 arbitration over disputed Niger River islands; Lake Chad Commission continues to urge signatories Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria to ratify delimitation treaty over the lake region, which remains the site of armed clashes among local populations and militias.

52: Niger Map

55: President: Goodluck Jonathan (acting; 2009) Land area: 351,649 sq mi (910,771 sq km); total area: 356,667 sq mi (923,768 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 149,229,090 (growth rate: 1.9%); birth rate: 36.6/1000; infant mortality rate: 94.3/1000; life expectancy: 46.9; density per sq km: 151 Capital (2003 est.): Abuja, 590,400 (metro. area), 165,700 (city proper) Largest cities: Lagos (2003 EST.), 11,135,000 (metro. area), 5,686,000 (city proper); Kano, 3,329,900; Ibadan, 3,139,500; Kaduna, 1,510,300 Monetary unit: Naira

57: More Facts & Figures Current government officials Languages: English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Ibo, Fulani, and more than 200 others Ethnicity/race: More than 250 ethnic groups, including Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Ibo 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5% Religions: Islam 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10% National Holiday: Independence Day (National Day), October 1 Literacy rate: 68% (2003 EST.)

59: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $292.7 billion; per capita $2,000. Real growth rate: 6.4%. Inflation: 5.5%. Unemployment: 4.9%. Arable land: 33%. Agriculture: cocoa, peanuts, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava (tapioca), yams, rubber; cattle, sheep, goats, pigs; timber; fish. Labor force: 50.13 million; agriculture 70%, industry 10%, services 20% (1999 EST.). Industries: crude oil, coal, tin, columbite; palm oil, peanuts, cotton, rubber, wood; hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, steel, small commercial ship construction and repair. Natural resources: natural gas, petroleum, tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc, arable land. Exports: $61.81 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): petroleum and petroleum products 95%, cocoa, rubber. Imports: $30.35 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): machinery, chemicals, transport equipment, manufactured goods, food and live animals. Major trading partners: U.S., Brazil, Spain, China, UK, Netherlands, France, Germany (2006).

61: Member of Commonwealth of Nations Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.688 million (2006); mobile cellular: 32.322 million (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AM 83, FM 36, shortwave 11 (2001). Radios: 23.5 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 3 (the government controls 2 broadcasting stations and 15 repeater stations) (2002). Televisions: 6.9 million (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1,968 (2007). Internet users: 8 million (2006).

63: Transportation: Railways: total: 3,505 km (2006). Highways: total: 194,394 km; paved: 60,068 km (including 1,194 km of expressways); unpaved: 134,326 km (1999 EST.). Waterways: 8,600 km (Niger and Benue rivers and smaller rivers and creeks) (2007). Ports and harbors: Calabar, Lagos, Onne, Port Harcourt, Sapele, Warri. Airports: 70 (2007). International disputes: ICJ ruled in 2002 on the Cameroon-Nigeria land and maritime boundary by awarding the potentially petroleum-rich Bakassi Peninsula and offshore region to Cameroon; Nigeria rejected the cession of the peninsula but the parties formed a Joint Border Commission to peaceably resolve the dispute and commence with demarcation in other less-contested sections of the boundary; several villages along the Okpara River are in dispute with Benin; Lake Chad Commission continues to urge signatories Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria to ratify delimitation treaty over lake region, which remains the site of armed clashes among local populations and militias; Nigeria agreed to ratify the treaty and relinquish sovereignty of disputed lands to Cameroon by December 2003.

67: Capital (and largest city) Brazzaville 416S 1517E4.267S 15.283E Official language(s) French Recognised regional languages Kongo/Kituba, Lingala Demonym Congolese Government Republic - President Denis Sassou Nguesso Independence from France - DateAugust 15, 1960 Area - Total342,000 km2 (64th) 132,047 sq mi | - Water (%) 3.3 Population - 2009 estimate3,686,000[1] (128th) - Density 10.8/km2 (204th) 27.9/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate - Total$15.570 billion[2] - Per capita $4,145[2] GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate - Total$9.532 billion[2] - Per capita $2,538[2] HDI (2007) 0.601 [3] (medium) (136th) | Currency Central African CFA franc (XAF) Time zone WAT Drives on the right Internet TLD .cg Calling code 242

68: Republic of the Congo Region Africa Houses

72: Reunion (Africa) – The Mountain in the Sea

73: Status: Overseas Department Prefect: Pierre-Henry Maccioni (2006) Land area: 965 sq mi (2,499 sq km); total area: 972 sq mi (2,517 sq km) Population (2007 est.): 798,094 (growth rate: 1.3%); birth rate: 18.9/1000; infant mortality rate: 7.5/1000; life expectancy: 74.4; density per sq mi: 827 Capital and largest city (2003 EST.): Saint-Denis, 142,600 Other large cities: Saint-Paul, 95,100; Saint-Pierre, 74,700; Le Tampon, 65,400 Monetary unit: Euro

74: Reunion, Africa

75: Southern Africa Reunion

76: More Facts & Figures Languages: French (official), Creole Ethnicity/race: French, African, Malagasy, Chinese, Pakistani, Indian Religions: Roman Catholic 86%, Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist (1995) Literacy rate: 89% (2003 EST.)

77: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2005 est.): $4.811 billion; per capita $6,200. Real growth rate: 2.5%. Inflation: N.A. Unemployment: 36% (1999 EST.). Arable land: 14%. Agriculture: sugarcane, vanilla, tobacco, tropical fruits, vegetables, corn. Labor force: 309,900 (2000); agriculture 13%, industry 12%, services 75% (2000). Industries: sugar, rum, cigarettes, handicraft items, flower oil extraction. Natural resources: fish, arable land, hydropower. Exports: $214 million (f.o.b., 1997): sugar 63%, rum and molasses 4%, perfume essences 2%, lobster 3%, (1993). Imports: $2.5 billion (c.i.f., 1997): manufactured goods, food, beverages, tobacco, machinery and transportation equipment, raw materials, and petroleum products. Major trading partners: France, Japan, Comoros, Bahrain, Germany, Italy (2004).

78: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 300,000 EST. (2001); mobile cellular: 489,800 (2002). Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 55, shortwave 0 (2001). Television broadcast stations: 35 (plus 18 low-power repeaters) (2001). Internet hosts: N.A. Internet users: 150,000 (2002).

79: Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 1,214 km (including 88 km of four-lane roads) (2001). Ports and harbors: Le Port. Airports: 2 (2004 EST.). International disputes: none.

80: Reunion Island on Sunset

83: Rwanda Map

84: Republic of Rwanda President: Paul Kagame (2000) Prime Minister: Bernard Makuza (2000) Land area: 9,633 sq mi (24,949 sq km); total area: 10,169 sq mi (26,338 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 10,473,282 (growth rate: 2.8%); birth rate: 39.6/1000; infant mortality rate: 81.6/1000; life expectancy: 50.5; density per sq mi: 1,029 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Kigali, 298,100 Monetary unit: Rwanda franc

85: More Facts & Figures National name: Repubulika y'u Rwanda Current government officials Languages: Kinyarwanda, French, and English (all official); Kiswahili in commercial centers Ethnicity/race: Hutu 84%, Tutsi 15%, Twa (Pygmoid) 1% Religions: Roman Catholic 56.5%, Protestant 26%, Adventist 11.1%, Islam 4.6%, indigenous beliefs 0.1%, none 1.7% (2001) Literacy rate: 70% (2003 EST.)

86: People in Rwanda

88: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $8.4 billion; per capita $900. Real growth rate: 6%. Inflation: 9.4%. Unemployment: N.A. Arable land: 46%. Agriculture: coffee, tea, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), bananas, beans, sorghum, potatoes; livestock. Labor force: 4.6 million (2000); agriculture 90%, industry and services 10%. Industries: cement, agricultural products, small-scale beverages, soap, furniture, shoes, plastic goods, textiles, cigarettes. Natural resources: gold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land. Exports: $170.8 million f.o.b. (2007 est.): coffee, tea, hides, tin ore. Imports: $472.5 million f.o.b. (2007 est.): foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, steel, petroleum products, cement and construction material. Major trading partners: Indonesia, China, Germany, Kenya, Belgium, Uganda, France (2004).

89: Rwanda Mount Sabyinyo

90: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 22,000 (2005); mobile cellular: 290,000 (2005). Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 3 (two main FM programs are broadcast through a system of repeaters and the third FM program is a 24 hour BBC program), shortwave 1 (2002). Radios: 601,000 (1997). Television broadcast stations: 2 (2004). Televisions: N.A.; probably less than 1,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1,592 (2007). Internet users: 65,000 (2006). Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: total: 14,008 km paved: 2,662 km unpaved: 11,346 km (2004). Waterways: Lac Kivu navigable by shallow-draft barges and native craft. Ports and harbors: Cyangugu, Gisenyi, Kibuye. Airports: 9 (2007). International disputes: Tutsi, Hutu, and other conflicting ethnic groups, associated political rebels, armed gangs, and various government forces continue fighting in Great Lakes region, transcending the boundaries of Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda to gain control over populated areas and natural resources - government heads pledge to end conflicts, but localized violence continues despite UN peacekeeping efforts.

93: During the Senegal Colonial Era. cinematic images of Africa and its people were entirely the work of Western filmmakers. The Tarzan movies, African Queen, King Solomon's Mines and others were usually filmed on soundstages half a world away from Africa and made little to no effort toward authenticity, instead trading in exoticism aimed primarily at exploiting Western tastes.

94: Republic of Senegal President: Abdoulaye Wade (2000) Prime Minister: Macky Sall (2004) Land area: 74,131 sq mi (191,999 sq km); total area: 75,749 sq mi (196,190 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 13,711,597 (growth rate: 2.7%); birth rate: 36.8/1000; infant mortality rate: 58.9/1000; life expectancy: 59.0; density per sq mi: 169 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Dakar, 2,476,400 Monetary unit: CFA Franc

96: More Facts & Figures National name: République du Sénegal Current government officials Languages: French (official); Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka Ethnicity/race: Wolof 43.3%, Fulani 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Diola 3.7%, Mandingo 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4% Religions: Islam 94%, Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic), indigenous 1% Literacy rate: 40% (2003 EST.)

97: Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $20.61 billion; per capita $1,700. Real growth rate: 5%. Inflation: 5.9%. Unemployment: 48%; note - urban youth 45% (2007 EST.). Arable land: 13%. Agriculture: peanuts, millet, corn, sorghum, rice, cotton, tomatoes, green vegetables; cattle, poultry, pigs; fish. Labor force: 4.82 million (2005 est.); agriculture 77%, industry and services 23% (1990 EST.). Industries: agricultural and fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, construction materials, ship construction and repair. Natural resources: fish, phosphates, iron ore. Exports: $1.725 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): fish, groundnuts (peanuts), petroleum products, phosphates, cotton. Imports: $3.673 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): foods and beverages, capital goods, fuels. Major trading partners: India, Mali, France, Italy, Spain, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Nigeria, Thailand (2004).

98: Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 282,600 (2006); mobile cellular: 2.983 million (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AM 8, FM 20, shortwave 1 (2001). Radios: 1.24 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 1 (1997). Televisions: 361,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 199 (2007). Internet users: 650,000 (2006).

99: Transportation: Railways: total: 906 km (2002). Highways: total: 13,576 km; paved: 3,972 km; unpaved: 9,604 km (2003). Waterways: 897 km total; 785 km on the Senegal river, and 112 km on the Saloum river. Ports and harbors: Dakar, Kaolack, Matam, Podor, Richard Toll, Saint-Louis, Ziguinchor. Airports: 20 (2007).Transportation: Railways: total: 906 km (2002). Highways: total: 13,576 km; paved: 3,972 km; unpaved: 9,604 km (2003). Waterways: 897 km total; 785 km on the Senegal river, and 112 km on the Saloum river. Ports and harbors: Dakar, Kaolack, Matam, Podor, Richard Toll, Saint-Louis, Ziguinchor. Airports: 20 (2007). International disputes: separatist war in Casamance region results in refugees and cross-border raids, arms smuggling, other illegal activities, and political instability in Guinea-Bissau.

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Priscilla J. Fumero
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  • Title: Africa Volume Four
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