S: EGYPT - MARCH 2008 VOL.2
FC: March 2008
1: TRIP ITINERAY - VOL.2 | Day 4: Luxor (Colossi of Memnon, Valley of the Kings, The Temple of Deir El-Bahri aka Temple of Queen Hatsheput) Day 5: Edfu (Temple of Edfu) Cruise Ship (Galabeya Party) Day 6: Kom Ombo (Temple of Kom Ombo) Aswan (Aswan Dam, Temple of Philae) Day 7: Cruise back to Cairo & Dinner Cruise on the Nile Day 8 : Cairo (The Hanging Church, Mosque of Mohammed Ali, Khan el Kalili Market, Giza Sound & Light Show)
2: Colossi of Memnon The Colossi of Memnon are two massive stone statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III. They have stood for the past 3400 years (since 1350 BC) in the Theban necropolis, across the River Nile from the modern city of Luxor. The original function of the Colossi was to stand guard at the entrance to Amenhotep's memorial temple (or mortuary temple): a massive cult centre built during the pharaoh's lifetime, where he was worshipped as a god-on-earth both before and after his departure from this world. In its day, this temple complex was the largest and most opulent in Egypt.
4: Valley of the Kings | for a period of nearly 500 years from the 16th to 11th century BC, tombs were constructed for the Pharaohs and powerful nobles of the New Kingdom.
6: The Temple of Hatshepsut | The temple was ordered to be built by the New Kingdom Pharaoh Hatshepsut in the 15th century BC. This lovely structure is found in a steep half-circle of cliffs on the west bank of the Nile River and guarding the entrance to the great Valley of the Kings. Hatshepsut ruled for 21 years [about 1473-1458 BC] during the early part of the New Kingdom, before the vastly successful imperialism of her nephew/stepson and successor Thutmose (or Thutmosis) III.
10: CRUISING THE NILE
12: Temple Of Horus at Edfu | Dedicated to Horus, the falcon headed god, the temple was built during the reigns of six Ptolemies. It was begun in 237 BC by Ptolemy III and was finished in 57 BC under Ptolemy XII. This is not only the best preserved ancient temple in Egypt, but the second largest after Karnak. It was believed that the temple was built on the site of the great battle between Horus and Seth.
18: Galabeya Party
20: Temple of Kom Ombo | Kom Ombo Temple is the unification of two adjacent temples, each dedicated to a distinct divinity: the crocodile-headed Sobek, god of fertility and creator of the world, and Haroeris or the ancient falcon-headed Horus, the solar war god.
23: The temple at Kom Ombo was built under Ptolemy VI. Since this bend in the Nile was a favored spot for crocodiles to bask in the sun and threaten locals, it is natural that the temple would be dedicated to Sobek, the crocodile god. But it is unusual in having a double dedication: it also honors Haroeris, a form of the falcon-headed god Horus. | Our Nile River Cruise Ship
24: On Tuesday December 17 2002, President Hosni Mubarak opened Egypt's first suspension bridge across the Nile. The structure near Aswan is the 44th bridge across the river that is Egypt's lifeblood. | Aswan Suspension Brigde
25: Egyptian-Russian Friendship Monument | Located on the west bank of the River Nile, the Egyptian Russian Friendship Monument is situated close to the High Dam and is hard to miss, being built to commemorate Russia's involvement when the dam was constructed . Based upon the five petals of an actual lotus flower, this Egyptian Russian Friendship Monument towers more than 230 feet into the air.
26: Located near Aswan, the world famous High Dam was an engineering miracle when it was built in the 1960s. It contains 18 times the material used in the Great Pyramid of Cheops. The Dam is 11,811 feet long, 3215 feet thick at the base and and 364 feet tall. Today it provides irrigation and electricity for the whole of Egypt and, together with the old Aswan Dam built by the British between 1898 and 1902, 6km down river, wonderful views for visitors. From the top of the two Mile long High Dam you can gaze across Lake Nassar, the huge reservoir created when it was built, to Kalabsha temple in the south and the huge power station to the north. | Aswan High Dam
28: Temple of Philae | Philae in Greek or Pilak in ancient Egyptian, meaning 'the end,' defined the southern most limit of Egypt. It was begun by Ptolemy II and completed by the Roman Emperors. The Temple was dedicated to the goddess Isis, the wife of Osiris and mother of Horus.
31: Philae, being accounted as one of the burying-places of Osiris, was held in high reverence both by the Egyptians to the north and the Nubians to the south. It was deemed profane for any but priests to dwell there and was accordingly sequestered and denominated "the Unapproachable". It was reported too that neither birds flew over it nor fish approached its shores
32: Felucca Boat Ride in Aswan
33: The Aswan Market
34: Dinner Cruise on the Nile
36: Whirling Dervish
38: Roman Ruins of Fort Babylon in Coptic Cairo
39: The Hanging Church | The Hanging Church was built in the 7th century, probably on the site of a 3rd or 4th century church for the soldiers of the bastion. It is named for its location above a gatehouse of the Roman fortress in Old Cairo; its nave is suspended over a passage.
40: The Hanging Church
41: Lunch in Cairo
42: Muhammad Ali Mosque | The Mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha is a mosque situated in the Citadel of Cairo in Egypt and commissioned by Muhammad Ali Pasha between 1830 and 1848. Situated on the summit of the citadel, this Ottoman mosque, the largest to be built in the first half of the 19th century, is, with its animated silhouette and twin minarets, the most visible mosque in Cairo. The mosque was built in memory of Tusun Pasha, Muhammad Ali's oldest son, who died in 1816.
45: View from the Mosque of Muhammad Ali
46: The Towering Minarets of Cairo
47: Khan el-Khalili Market
49: Giza Sound and Light Show
51: The End