S: ISRAEL 2 - MAY 2010
BC: Created by Donna Wilson Photography by Donna, Glenn, Joan & Douglas Wilson Scripture - New Living Translation
FC: ISRAEL 2 MAY 2010
1: The Dead Sea | The lowest spot on earth, 1,290 feet below sea level | Looking across at Jordan | May 23, 2010
2: Everyone's floating like a cork! | Joan | Douglas & Glenn | Glenn & Donna
3: Hands full of salt crystals | Salt dried on his skin | High solids content (30%), in the form of salts, the most important being magnesium, sodium, calcium, potassium chloride, and magnesium bromide.
4: Our hotel on the Dead Sea
5: Driving along the Dead Sea | May 23, 2010
6: Approaching Masada
7: Heron the Great built the fortress of Masada between 37 & 31 BCE as a refuge for himself in the event of a revolt. Built on a cliff top some 1,400 feet above the Dead Sea, its natural approaches were very difficult.
8: Pathway up
9: During the Great Jewish Rebellion against Rome in 66 CE, a group of Jewish extremist called the Sicarii overcame the Roman garrison of Masada. After the fall of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Temple in 70 CE, they were joined by zealots & their families.
10: The Sicarii were an extremist splinter group of the Zealots who were equally antagonistic to Romans and other Jewish groups
11: Remnants of one of several Roman legionary camps at Masada, just outside the circumvallation wall | The Rampart was completed in the spring of 73 CE, allowing the Romans to finally breach the wall of the fortress with a battering ram. When the Romans entered the fortress, they discovered the inhabitants had set all the buildings except the food storerooms ablaze, and had committed mass suicide rather than face certain capture, defeat, slavery, or execution by their enemies. Because Judaism strongly discourages suicide, the defenders were reported to have drawn lots and slain each other in turn, down to the last man, who was the only one to commit suicide.
12: Inside the Hot Room (Caldarium), with its heavy floor suspended on 200 pillars to allow hot air to circulate. | Thermal bath | Remains of the frescoed plaster
13: Mosaic floor
14: Aerial view of Masada, the famous fortress in the Judean Desert | Aqueduct
15: View looking out from Masada | Tristram Starling
18: Lunch with Abraham | Leaving Genesis Land
19: olive wood factory | Bedouin village
20: Mount of Olives | Later, Jesus sat on the slopes of the Mount of Olives. His disciple came to him privately and asked, "When will all this take place? And will there be any sign ahead of time to signal your return and the end of the world?" (Matthew 24:3) | May 24, 2010 | Young military | Jewish tomb
21: Jewish cemetery | JERUSALEM
23: As they came to the towns of Bethphage and Bethany, on the Mount of Olives, he sent two disciples ahead. "Go into that village over there." he told them, "and as you enter it, you will see a colt tied there that has never been ridden. Untie it and bring it here. If anyone asks what you are doing, just say, 'The Lord needs it.'" So they went and found the colt, just as Jesus had said. And sure enough, as they were untying it, the owners asked them, "Why are you untying our colt?" | And the disciples simply replied, "The Lord needs it." So they brought the colt to Jesus and threw their garments over it for him to ride on. Then the crowds spread out their coats on the road ahead of Jesus. As they reached the place where the road started down from the Mount of Olives, all of his followers began to shout and sing as they walked along, praising God for all the wonderful miracles they had seen. | "Bless the King who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in heaven and glory in highest heaven!" (Luke 19:29-38) | The Palm Sunday procession starting from Bethphage on its way to Jerusalem.
24: Inside a grave, with boxes where the bones of bodies are kept | Here Jesus is said to have wept as he foresaw the doom of Jerusalem and accordingly, the Church is in the shape of a tear.
25: Gethsemane | Then Jesus brought them to an olive grove called Gethsemane, and he said, "sit here while I go on ahead to pray." He took Peter and Zebedee's two sons, James and John, and he began to be filled with anguish and deep distress. He told them, "My soul is crushed with grief to the point of death. Stay here and watch with me." (Matthew 26:36-38) | Basilica of the Agony Church of all Nations
26: He went on a little farther and fell face down on the ground, praying, "My Father! If it is possible, let this cup of suffering be taken away from me. Yet I want your will, not mine." Then he returned to the disciples and found them asleep. He said to Peter,"Couldn't you stay awake and watch with me even one hour? Keep alert and pray. Otherwise temptation will overpower you. For though the spirit is willing enough, the body is weak!"(Matthew 26:39-41)
27: Church of all Nations | Window from the outside | Window from the inside
28: Inside the ceiling of the 12 capes
29: < Holy Rock of Agony, where Jesus conducted his last prayer before being arrested | Painting illustrates Jesus weeping on the rock after visualizing the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans and seeing the ignorance of its citizens of the events to come.
30: The Russian Church of Mary Magdalene was built in 1888 by Czar Alexander III in memory of his mother. | View from Mount of Olives | The Dome of the Rock shrine
31: Arab cemetery outside old Jerusalem
32: Mount Zion | So Jesus sent two of them into Jerusalem to make the arrangement. "As you go into the city," he told them. "a man carrying a pitcher of water will meet you. Follow him. At the house he enter, say to the owner, " The Teacher asks, Where is the guest room where I can eat the Passover meal with my disciples?" He will take you upstairs to a large room that is already set. That is the place; go ahead and prepare our supper there." (Mark 14:13-15) | The Church of Hagia Maria Zion
33: The Coenaculum | David's Tomb | Then David died and was buried in the City of David (1 Kings 2:9) | Room of the Last Supper
34: Church of St. Peter in Gallicantu (on the site of the House of Caiaphas)
35: So the soldiers, their commanding officer, and the Temple guards arrested Jesus and tied him up. First they took him to Annas, the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year. Caiaphas was the one who had told the other Jewish leaders, "Better that one should die for all." (John 18:12-17)
36: Those who had arrested Jesus took him to Caraphas the high priest | After the supper, Jesus left with his disciples and crossed the Kidron valley | Peter was below in the courtyard. One of the servant girls who worked for the high priest noticed Peter warming himself at the fire. She looked at him closely and the said, "You were one of those with Jesus, the Nazarene." Peter denied it. "I don't know what you're talking about." he said, and he went out in the the entryway. Just then, a rooster crowed. The servant girls saw him standing there and began telling the other, "That man is definitely one of them!" Peter denied it again. A little later some other bystanders began saying to Peter, "You must be one of them because you are from Galilee."
37: Peter said, "I swear by God, I don't know this man you're talking about." And immediately the rooster crowed the second time. Suddenly, Jesus' words flashed through Peter's mind: "Before the rooster crows twice, you will deny me three times." And he broke down and cried. (Mark 14:66-75) | Interior of the lower church
38: The sacred pit where Jesus was held after being arrested.
39: The windmill was intended to provide employment for the tenants of Mishkenot Sha'nanim. | Wall separating Palestinian area | Ancient staircase towards the valley of Kidron
40: BETHLEHEM | Church of the Nativity
41: Door of Humility | Douglas and Glenn entering the Door of Humility | 12th Century mosaic floor
42: Inside the Church of the Nativity
43: Depiction of Mary
44: < The silver star, beneath the altar in the Grotto of the Nativity, marks the spot believed to be the Birthplace of Jesus. | Joseph traveled from the village of Nazareth in Galilee. He took with him Mary, his fiancée, who was obviously pregnant by this time. And while they were there, the time came for her baby to be born. She gave birth to her first child, a son. She wrapped him snugly in strips of cloth and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the village inn. (Luke 2:4-7)
45: Believed to be the site of the manger
46: Church of St. Catherine | The church is said to be built on the site Christ's appearance to St. Catherine of Alexandria and his prediction of her martyrdom (c.310AD).
47: Bethlehem | Inside the Church of St. Catherine
48: Damascus Gate- intended for use by persons of high station | < Zion Gate - connects the Armenian Quarter with Mount Zion. | < Dung Gate - closest to the Western Wall and the main passage for vehicles | Old Jerusalem
49: Jaffa Gate - main entrance to the old city. | Lions Gate - St. Stephen Gate is another name because of the tradition that the first Christian martyr was stoned outside this gate | Though the LORD is very great and lives in heaven, he will make Jerusalem his home of justice and righteousness. ( Isaiah 33:5) | May 25, 2010
50: Golden Gate -according to Jewish tradition,The Messiah will enter Jerusalem through this gate. To prevent this, the Muslims sealed the gate during the rule of Suleiman | Arab settlement | View of the Western Wall from the Jewish Quarter
51: Hundreds of prayers are put into the cracks of the walls | Donna at the wall | Western /Wailing Wall | May 25, 2010
52: Some Jews visit the Wall daily to recite the entire Book of Psalms | Thirteen year old boy having his Bar Mitzvah. This ceremony, according to tradition, is when a boy takes on the responsibilities of his own action and becomes a man in every right.
53: Douglas & Glenn | Underneath the present surface of the Western Wall compound lies the magnificent Western retaining wall of the Herodian Temple. | Joan | Total length of the wall 500m
54: Corner stone of the mount | Wilson Arch | It's purpose was a bridge and staircase from the "upper city" to the temple level.
55: Water channel which originally supplied water to the Temple Mount. It passes through an underground pool known as the "Strouthion Pool". | Built by King Herod | Glenn
56: To commemorate the traditional site of Mary's birthplace at the home of her parents Anne and Joachim. | The Church of St. Anne
57: Inside the city, near the Sheep Gate, was the pool of Bethesda, with five covered porches. Crowds of sick people - blind, lame, or paralyzed - lay on the porches. One of the men lying there had been sick for thirty-eight years. When Jesus saw him and knew how long he had been ill, he asked him, "Would you like to get well?" "I can't, sir," the sick man said, "for I have no one to help me into the pool when the water is stirred up. While I am trying to get there, someone else always gets in ahead of me." Jesus told him, "Stand up, pick up your sleeping mat and walk!" Instantly, the man was healed! he rolled up the mat and began walking! But this miracle happened on the Sabbath day. (John 5:2-9) | Pools of Bethesda
58: Jewish Quarter in Old Jerusalem | Hurva Synagogue | Golden Menorah was constructed by the Temple Institute and, based on extensive research, this golden menorah is appropriate for use in the Third Temple. First such constructed since the destruction of the Temple.
59: Roman Cardo (former street) in Jewish quarter. Central street of the Cardo is 40 feet wide and is lined on both side with columns. This street was the main thoroughfare of Byzantine Jerusalem and served both residents and pilgrims | < Mosaic map of Jerusalem showing the Roman Cardo
60: Church of Condemnation | "Way of the Cross" is Christendom's most sacred route. It is the path followed by Jesus from the judgment court, the Praetorian, to Golgotha, the place of the Crucifixion, bearing the Cross on his back. | According to tradition, this was the site where Jesus took up his cross after being sentenced.
61: Very early in the morning the leading priest, other leaders, and teachers of religious law-the entire high council-met to discuss their next step. They bound Jesus and took him to Pilate, the Roman governor. (Mark 15:1) | "But if I release Barabbas," Pilate asked the, "what should I do with this man you call the King of the Jews?" They shouted back, "Crucify him!" So Pilate, anxious to please the crowd, released Barabbas to them. He ordered Jesus flogged with a lead-tipped whip, then turned him over to the Roman soldiers to crucify him. (Mark 15:12-15) | The soldiers took him into their headquarters and called out the entire battalion. They dressed him in a purple robe and made a crown of long, sharp thorns and put it on his head. Then they saluted, yelling, "Hail! King of the Jews!" And they beat him on the head with a stick, spit on him, and dropped to their knees in mock worship. When they were finally tired of mocking him, they took off the purple robe and put his own clothes on him again. Then they led him away to be crucified. (Mark 15:16-20) | Walking the Via Dolorosa >
62: As they led Jesus away, Simon of Cyrene, who was coming in from the country just then, was forced to follow Jesus and carry his cross. (Luke 23:26) | But Jesus turned and said to them, " Daughters of Jerusalem, don't weep for me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. " (Luke 23:28) | The site where Jesus fell for the second time under the weight of the Cross | Via Dolorosa
64: The Church of the Holy Sepulcher | The site is venerated by many Christians as Golgotha, (the Hill of Calvary), where the New Testament says that Jesus was crucified, and is said to also contain the place where Jesus was buried (the sepulcher). | Stairway of stone led to the Chapel of Divestiture
65: Place of Crucifixion - a rocky outcropping which is the traditional place where the cross was placed. Archaeological excavations have demonstrated that this site was outside the city close to one of its gates and thus would have been a good location for a crucifixion. | There they crucified him. There were two others crucified with him, one on either side, with Jesus between them. And Pilate posted a sign over him that read, "Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews." (John 19:18-19) | Jesus is nailed to the Cross | < Armenian Chapel
66: Afterward Joseph of Arimathea, who had been a secret disciple of Jesus (because he feared the Jewish leaders), asked Pilate for permission to take Jesus' body down. When Pilate gave him permission, he came and took the body away. Nicodemus, the man who had come to Jesus at night, also came, bringing about seventy-five pounds of embalming ointment made from myrrh and aloes. Together they wrapped Jesus' body in a long linen cloth with the spices, as is the Jewish custom of burial. (John 19:38:40) | Jesus' body was then laid out on the Stone of Unction (Anointing).
67: The Holy Sepulcher lies in the center of the Rotunda
68: The tomb was originally in a cave hewn in the rock, and the Rotunda was built over and around it. | The pilaster in the enter of the room contains a piece of the stone with which the sepulcher of Jesus was closed.
69: Archaeological Park
70: Douglas and Glenn sitting on the original steps, 300 feet in width, ascending to the Hulda Gates. | Hulda Gates Jesus and his disciples ascended the staircase every time they went to the Temple | Corner of temple wall | Main south gate
71: < Robinson Gate Arch supported a monumental stairwell leading up to the Temple Mount plaza. Built by King Herod (37-4BC) as part of the expansion of the Temple Mount enclosure | Ancient roadway around temple - first century
72: Temple Mount | < City of David | Wall of old Jerusalem | Model of Jerusalem | The second temple period | May 26, 2010
73: Memorial to the six million Jews who perished in the European Holocaust during the Second World War. | Yad Vashem | The Children's Memorial | < Henryk Goldszmit memorial-went with his 192 orphanage children from the Warsaw Ghetto to the death camp of Treblinka
74: A tree-lined path leading to the museum is called the Avenues of the Righteous Gentiles, in honor of those who helped save Jews during the Holocaust | Tree planted in honor of Oskar & Emilie Schindler >
76: Knesset Menorah | The seven branches are decorated with 29 panels representing figures and events which are highlights in the history and revival of the Jewish people, from the time of Moses to modern times. | On the center pillar are the words "Shema Yisrael". It was a gift from the British government in 1956
77: The Knesset Menorah | Knesset- Israel's parliament
78: The Garden Tomb is a popular site for Protestant piety : It is clearly located outside the wall, it is next to a place that looks like a skull, it conforms to what one imagines when reading the Gospel accounts. So also Jesus suffered and died outside the city gates in order to make his people holy by shedding his own blood.(Hebrews 13:12) | At Glenn's feet, the groove for a rolling stone which sealed the tomb. | So also Jesus suffered and died outside the city gates in order to make his people holy by shedding his own blood.(Hebrews 13:12) | Then they went out to a place called Golgotha (which means Skull Hill). (Matthew 27:33) | Then he rolled a stone in front of the entrance. ( Mark 15:46) | The Skull Rock
79: Jesus took a loaf a bread and asked God's blessing on it. Then he broke it in pieces and gave it to the disciples, saying, "Take it and eat it, for this is my body." And he took a cup of wine and gave thanks to God for it. He gave it to them and said, "Each of you drink from it, for this is my blood, which seals the covenant between God and his people. It is poured out to forgive the sins of many." (Matthew 26:26-28) | We all had communion together | burial bench with sarcophagus | So they entered the tomb, and there on the right sat a young man clothed in a white robe. The women were startled. but the angel said, "do not be so surprised. You are looking for Jesus, the Nazarene, who was crucified. He isn't here! He has been raised from the dead! Look, this is where they laid his body. (Mark 16:5-6)
80: Shopping in the Old City
81: Lots of olive wood | Spices
82: The narrow streets of Old Jerusalem | Douglas & Donna
84: Outside the Old City
86: Mount Moriah | Donna, Glenn & Douglas going up to the Temple Mount | Al-Aqsa Mosque | View of the Dome of the Rock | May 27, 2010
87: Muslims believe that the prophet Muhammad was transported from the Sacred Mosque in Mecca to Al-Aqsa during the Night Journey | Mosque interior | Minaret
88: Arabic inscriptions | Exterior detail of bright mosaic tiles | Douglas, Donna & Glenn
89: According to the New Testament, the Temple of Jerusalem played a significant role on the life of Jesus. After his birth, Jesus was dedicated at the Temple in accordance with the Law of Moses (Luke 2:22-28). When he was a boy, he impressed the Jewish teachers with his knowledge (Luke 2:41-52). Jesus was later tempted by Satan to jump off the Temple to prove his status (Luke 4:1-13) and he angrily overturned tables of moneychangers during the "cleansing of the Temple" (Luke 19:45-48). | doorway into the Dome | Later on God tested Abraham's faith and obedience. "Abraham!" God called. "Yes," he replied. "Here I am" "Take you son, your only son-yes, Isaac, whom you love so much-and go to the land of Moriah. Sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains, which I will point out to you." (Genesis 22:1-2) | < View of the Rock inside the Dome, believed to be the spot where Abraham took his son Issac
90: Dome of the Chain
91: Dome of the Tablets was built in 1538 to commemorate the place where the Prophet Muhammad prayed with the Biblical prophets and angels. | Dome of Ascension, initially a Crusader baptismal, then destroyed and rebuilt as a Muslim shrine to commemorate the location of the site where Prophet Muhammad prayed before his ascension to the heavens | The al-Kas ablution fountain for Muslim worshipers
92: Summer Pulpit (MinbarMinbar es-Saif) is used as an open air speaker stand where the man (leader of prayer) stands to deliver sermons. | Joan, Douglas & Glenn
93: The City of David is the oldest settled neighborhood of Jerusalem. It is a narrow ridge south from the Temple Mount. It is the place where King David built his palace and established his capital. | David conquered ancient Jerusalem in approximately 1004 BC and it became known as the City of David. He brought the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem and it became the religious and governmental hub of The United Kingdom of Israel.
94: View of the City of David from the Dung Gate | View of the Kidron Valley which is on the east side of the city | Steep stone structure
95: Ancient steps and wall | The house is a typical First Temple period dwelling, built in a style known as the "four-room house." David now built several buildings for himself in the city of David . (1 Chronicles 15:1)
96: Grave of Iahu who is over the house | Ancient tomb lookout | Cistern | Furthermore, the Lord, the LORD Almighty, told me to confront Shebna, the palace administrator, and to give him this message: "Who do you think you are, building a beautiful tomb for yourself in the rock?" (Isaiah 22:15-16)
97: Canaanite Tunnel | Douglas | Joan & Glenn | The waters of the southern spring were channeled through this canal for agricultural purposes.
98: Walls of Ancient Jerusalem | Arab home | ancient steps | Then he spit on the ground, made mud with the saliva, and smoothed the mud over the blind man's eyes. He told him, "Go and wash in the pool of Siloam" (Siloam means Sent). So the man went and washed, and came back seeing! (John 9:6-7) | Pool of Siloam | The Hezekiah tunnel leads to the pool
99: Our Lord's Prayer In Syriac (Aramaic) Language