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Italy - Page Text Content

S: Italy July 2006

1: Rome | Pompeii | Pisa | Vatican City | Florence | Venice | Pompeii

2: Rome is the capital of Italy. With 2.8 million residents in 496.3 sq miles, it is also the country's largest and most populated city and fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. Rome's history spans more than two and a half thousand years, since its legendary founding in 753 BC. Rome is one of the oldest continuously occupied cities in Europe. It is referred to as "The Eternal City", a notion expressed by ancient Roman poets and writers. In the ancient world it was successively the capital city of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded as one of the birthplaces of Western civilization. Since the 1st century AD, Rome has been considered the seat of the Papacy and in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870. In 1871 Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, and in 1946 that of the Italian Republic.

5: The Colosseum, originally the Flavian Amphitheatre is an elliptical amphitheatre in the center of the city of Rome, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire, built of concrete and stone. It is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering. Occupying a site just east of the Roman Forum, its construction started in 72 AD under the emperor Vespasian and was completed in 80 AD. Capable of seating 50,000 spectators, the Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology. The building ceased to be used for entertainment in the early medieval era. It was later reused for such purposes as housing, workshops, quarters for a religious order, a fortress, a quarry, and a Christian shrine. In the 21st century it stays partially ruined because of damage caused by devastating earthquakes and stone-robbers,

20: Vatican City is the

34: Pompeii is the

44: Florence is the

56: Pisa is the

58: Venice is the

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  • By: Ryan N.
  • Joined: over 5 years ago
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  • Title: Italy
  • July 2006
  • Tags: None
  • Started: over 4 years ago
  • Updated: almost 3 years ago

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