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S: World History In a Nutshell

FC: World History In a Nutshell | By: Jeffery Reynolds & Joy Staley 2B

1: 1.Ancient River Valley Civilizations 2.Classical Greece/Rome 3. Post Classical Africa-Asia 4. Post- classical(Medieval)Europe 5. Renaissance/Reformation 6.Enlightenment/Reformation 7.WW1 8.WW2 9. Cold War | Table of Contents

2: Ancient River Valley Civilizations were mostly found around the Indus River and the Nile River in Egypt. People liked to stay near those areas because it was close to the water and they could use it for irrigation and the soil was really good for farming. These civilizations became very advanced and created things like their own planned cities and forms of government. They even started writing. Egypt came up with their own writing called hieroglyphics. Most civilizations were divided up into city-states. The religions for most of these civilizations were polytheistic. These civilizations were the inspiration for our cities today. | Ancient River Valley Civilization

3: What if People Had Not Learned How to Farm? | If people had not learned how to farm, then the population would never have grown like it did! Farming is what made people settle down and make their own homes instead of moving around all the time. So eventually people condensed into little cities and towns. Farming eventually led to more advanced tools and people just started to actually THINK about things more and start creating and building. Also, farming brought more food and so not as many people died of starvation.

4: Classical Greece/Rome | During the Classical Greece/Rome era an event happened known as the Persian Invasion of Greece. Greece was invaded by the army and naval fleet of the Persian empire. By 500 B.C., they stated the losses of their kings. But around 548 B.C. King Darius managed to build up the Persian empire and controlled the Asia Minor. During Classical Rome, one of the major shifts in the Roman period was the contrast of a dying warrior, which reflects the impersonal mannequin-like appearance. Rome had a tough task ahead of them with conquering the Persian barbarians.

6: One event that happened in the post classical Africa/Asia era was the Bantu Migration. The way this migration happened was 2,000 years ago a group of Bantu speakers walked around. Territorial wars broke out often as the Bantu speakers fled South. As they shared the skills they knew with the people they met, this was known as the Bantu Culture. Archaeologists believed that they were known as the Nok people. They also shared their ideas with intermarried people. This pattern created new cultures within those people. Another event was when the Mongols overran the Islamic empire. During the Crusades in 1258, the Mongols overran the empire and destroyed Baghdad. This signified the end of the Abbasid empire. | Post-Classical Africa/Asia

8: Post Classical/Medieval Europe | The Post Classical/Medieval Era is also known as the Middle Ages. The Middle Ages were between the 5th and 15th centuries. In this era there was a huge rise in religion. The Holy Roman Empire was basically the big man when it came to power in this time period. They had a bunch of guys called clergy who were like church policemen and ran everything. Also in this period they sort of divided people up into classes like knights, lords, and peasants. A big even happened during the Middle Ages called the Crusades. Basically, in the Crusades the Christians and the Muslims fought over the Holy Land! The Middle Ages was pretty much the groundwork for the Renaissance...

9: Well obviously if the Black Plague hadn't happened then the population would have grown larger A LOT faster. The economy probably would have been better because more people were available for jobs and things weren't just sitting there because everyone was dead. Places would have been settled faster because of the massive population growth and running out of room. Religion probably would have spread faster because there would have been more missionaries and more people moving around. | What if the Black Plague Did Not Attack Western Europe?

12: Enlightenment/Revolutions | The Enlightenment was a time where people started to really think for themselves and didn't always follow the crowd. They started questioning the rules. There were many revolutions like the Scientific Revolution where people were questioning the natural way of things. During that revolution Isaac Newton came up with the law of gravity! You know.... that thing that holds us to the earth? The Enlightenment caused people to say "Hey! We all have our own rights!" These rights were known as natural rights. Not only did thoughts change but so did art and music! The music started to be much grander and ornate than before. The style was known as baroque. The Enlightenment was definitely a big step in history.

13: If the colonists hadn't embraced the different thinking of the Enlightenment, there might not have been colonists. Colonists left to go settle BECAUSE of the Enlightenment. They realized that they were being treated unfairly and they wanted something different. The thought of something better caused them to move. Also if the ideas weren't embraced, traditions government, and religions all would have stayed the same for a very long time if not for forever. The Enlightenment was like a climax for the world where it reached a peaking point and headed for big change. | What if the Enlightenment Ideas Weren't Embraced by the Colonists?

14: World War I happened from 1914 to 1918 when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia because one of their princes was killed. Eventually it involved many countries in Europe and even the U.S. and Japan. Almost 9 million soldiers died in this war. A lot of the deaths had to do with the fact that they used trench warfare. Trench warfare is pretty much when soldiers sit in trenches and shoot at each other. Soon after the U.S. had entered the war, though, the Allies (good guys) won. The guys who were mostly responsible for the war had to sign the Treaty of Versailles and take most of the blame for the whole thing. | World War I

15: If Germany hadn't been mainly blamed for World War I, World War II wouldn't have happened. Germany was really, really angry about having to pay for most of the war, and they didn't feel it was fair at all because obviously they weren't the only ones that were a part of it! If Germany hadn't been blamed, there wouldn't have been as many bitter people like Hitler. Germany wouldn't have been as poor because they wouldn't have had to pay for most of the expenses. Other countries would have had to pay for it too! Germany would have been much better off if they hadn't been blamed. There wouldn't have been so much anger and they wouldn't have wanted revenge. | What if Germany Had Not Been Solely Blamed for World War I?

16: World War II | Germany was really angry about being blamed for WWI and having to pay for a lot of it. So this guy named Hitler took control of Germany and invaded Poland. Hitler's followers were called Nazis. Hitler wanted to create a world that was pure of Jews and others who were considered "undesirable". So they created these things called concentration camps where people were murdered all the time. Meanwhile the Japanese had bombed a U.S. Naval Base called Pearl Harbor causing the U.S. to join the war. Eventually the Allies (good guys) beat the Axis powers (bad guys) and Hitler killed himself. But the war actually officially ended when the U.S. dropped the first atomic bombs on Japan. | 1939-1945

17: If those atomic bombs hadn't been dropped on Japan, the war would have gone on MUCH longer. Also the relationship between Japan and the U.S. today would be extremely different. If the U.S. hadn't dropped the atomic bombs, eventually Japan could have come up with the technology a little bit later and might have dropped the bombs on OUR turf! There are so many different things that could have happened. | What If the U.S. Had Not Dropped the Atomic Bombs on Japan?

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